How to deworm a dog
Dogs, especially puppies are prone to worm infestation. A dog owner should not be surprised if there are wriggly spaghetti-like or rice-like “things” in the stool of the pet. This is a sign that the owner has to visit the vet or to get a non prescription wormer from the pet supply store.
- How to deworm a dog?
[..] The most common intestinal parasites are tapeworm, roundworm, whipworm and hookworm. Heartworms are found in the heart and in the heart's blood vessels going to the lungs. Aside from tapeworms and roundworms that can be visually diagnosed...
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Types of worms
The most common parasitic worms that infest a dog are the tapeworms, roundworms, whipworm, hookworm and heartworms. Heartworms live in the heart and in the blood vessels of the dog. All the other worms are found in the intestines.
Symptoms and signs of infestation
A dog infested with worms would usually vomit and have diarrhea. The dog would be off its food and consequently would lose weight but would have a pot bellied appearance. Most dogs would have low level of energies and would have a dull coat. These symptoms however can signify other ailments.
The best way to determine worm infestation is through regular fecal examination. It is important to have the dog routinely tested to rule out worm infestation. A veterinarian examines a fecal sample through the microscope. Basing on the findings, the vet can now prescribe the appropriate treatments for the worm infested dog.
Prescription and non-prescription wormers
Wormers come in tablet, liquid, paste or injectable forms. Over the counter deworming medications are widely available. Broad spectrum medications are noted to rid the dog of all types of worms. There is a risk in using non-prescription medications. An inappropriate treatment apart from being wasteful can be harmful to the dog as some parasites will develop resistance to the treatments. The drug then would be less effective when it is already needed. Because of the OTC drug’s common use, the inappropriate treatment may not be effective and unable to diminish the infestation. Prescription medication would be based on the fecal examination. This means that the appropriate medication for the particular type of worm will be prescribed. Moreover, correct dosage will be given as the weight and the age of the dog will be considered.
Deworming the dog
For preventive reasons adult dogs are recommended to be dewormed every six months. Newly acquired dogs, especially abandoned ones should be dewormed immediately. Puppies contracted worms from the mother dog even before they are born. Puppies must be dewormed at two weeks intervals until they are 12 weeks old. This treatment follows the life cycle of the parasite. This means that the first treatment will kill adult worms and the following treatments make sure that anything that has been hatched will be killed as well. The puppy will be less susceptible to worm infestation when it has reached 6 months of age. Treatment can be done every six months. Nursing dogs must be concurrently treated with the puppies.
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