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Interesting Facts About the National Bird of India—The Peacock

Updated on December 12, 2018
ChitrangadaSharan profile image

Chitrangada loves the richness of Indian art,culture and traditions. As a writer she wants to spread information to the readers, about India

Peacock-The National Bird of India
Peacock-The National Bird of India | Source

The National Bird Of India —The Peacock

The glittering blue, green and gold,

beautifully arranged satin-silk feathers,

wrapped like a full skirt at the front,

gathered into an elegant, long bridal gown,

of distinguished satin feathers at the back,

there it stands gracefully, with an impressive crown,

God's own creation----The Peacock!

The national bird of India, the Peacock is a large and beautiful bird. It attracts everyone with its beauty, its graceful movements, the bright colours, with the texture of silk, the fan shaped feathers on its head, that resembles a crown.

India loves colours and the Peacock truly represents the general mood of the Indians. Always filled with Love, Joy, Happiness and celebration.

The Peacock has always been an important part of the Indian mythology. It symbolizes royalty and divinity. It is also considered auspicious to see the peacock. As such the peacock images, paintings and carvings can be found, on the walls, throne, entrance gates, floors, carpets and other places in old palaces and forts.

Like a peacock, your beauty is multiplied when you spread your wings and show the world your stuff! Don't be afraid to be who you are - each peacock feather is flawed and imperfect, but collectively they create something of great beauty. Your flaws are what make you perfect!

— Author Unknown
Peacock decorations
Peacock decorations | Source

Why was Peacock chosen, as the National Bird of India?

The Peacock was declared the National Bird of India in 1963.

Peacock has a prominent reference in ancient Indian Art and Architecture, as well as has a religious and legendary involvement, in the Indian culture and traditions.

The criteria for this choice, was due to its well distributed presence within the country, so that it could be called truly 'National'.

The common man could recognize this beautiful bird. It was also kept in mind that it should not be confused, with the bird emblem of any other nation.

It well associated, with the Indian myths and legends. The Peacock fulfilled all these criteria, to be chosen as the national bird.

Peacock handicrafts
Peacock handicrafts | Source
Male and female peacocks
Male and female peacocks | Source

Interesting facts about the Peacock

  • Peacock, or the male bird, is more beautiful, colourful and brighter, than its female counterpart, which is called Peahen.
  • Peacocks, have larger tails and heavier bodies, compared to Peahen.
  • When Peacocks are young, they look ordinary, more or less like their mothers. It is after six months of growth, that their beauty starts showing up. The plume grows, only after three years of age. The tails and feathers can grow, as long as six feet.
  • The Peacocks are very large birds, with massive feathers, but they can fly, although not very high, or to a long distance.
  • Peacocks can live up to twenty years of age.
  • The Peacocks shed their feathers every year. The new set of feather grows, once the old ones are discarded.
  • A gene mutation can lead to losing their pigmentation, and thus peacocks turn into white peafowls.
  • Peacock is a protected bird according to Government of India order.
  • When Peacocks want to attract female attention, they send out fake copulative mating calls. The females do get attracted to this. Peacock gets to score over his rivals and collect a harem.
  • It has been found out by experts that more than one third of the mating calls made were absolutely fake. The male Peacock however, does play an active part in rearing the young.
  • The male Peacock may be beautiful, as compared to its female counterpart, but when it comes to choosing a mate, the female reserves the right to reject a suitor, to mate with. While accepting a mating call, it pays attention to the colour, feather length, tail etc.
  • It has been observed that most birds pair for life. But Peacocks are polygamous, and fiercely protect a harem, of two to five peahens.
  • Peacock feathers have small glittering crystals, to attract the female Peahen. These crystals reflect light and gives fluorescent look, to their bright feathers.
  • Wild animals such as Mongoose, tigers, cats, wolves and other carnivores in the wild do prey on peacocks. For this, they take shelter on trees, for a long time.
  • Peacocks are omnivores and eat insects, flowers, seeds and small rodents and lizards.
  • Peacocks do get lonely and sad sometimes, when alone, and even produce unpleasant sounds, to express their grief and anguish.
  • Wild animals like Lion and Tigers hate Peacocks, because they are the first ones to alert other animals, in their loud and clear call, that the wild animals are on hunt for prey.
  • It is believed, that whenever the Peacock spreads its tails, in an ornamental fashion, it indicates that it is going to rain.
  • It has been found partly true also, at times. At the sight of the dark clouds, the bird outspreads its tail, and starts dancing in rhythmic fashion.
  • The species of Peacock has survived over the time span of 4000 years. It has survived climatic changes, predatory animals and human's destructive tendencies.


Palaces painted in peacock colours
Palaces painted in peacock colours | Source

Peacock In the Hindu Religion and Mythology:

  • Peacocks have been considered as sacred birds by the Hindus.
  • The bird is associated with Kartikeya-the son of Lord Shiva, also known as Lord Murugan, in South India. A peacock is the mount of Kartikeya.
  • One can see feathers of the Peacock on the Mukut or the head gear of the idol of Sri Krishna.
  • Peacock feathers or Mor-Pankh as they are called in Hindi are considered auspicious and people keep it in their homes. It is believed that they bring good luck and prosperity.
  • It is also believed that the Peacock feathers brings harmony and safeguards positive energy in homes.

To Conclude:

The Peacock is believed to be a symbol of freedom.

They can walk on the earth, and swim in the sea, as humans do, but they also have the ability to soar into the sky. These birds are free to roam, to earth and the sky.

Many religious cultures believe, that they are a symbol of eternal life, the link between heaven and earth.

Chitrangada Sharan

Indian Blue Peacock in all its glory, source: You tube

White Peacock, source: You tube

© 2016 Chitrangada Sharan

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    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      7 months ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Margaret Schindler, for reading and appreciating the article!

      Good to know that you were able to see these beautiful creatures so closely.

      I also had the opportunity to watch them very closely, near our residence, few years back. In India, it is considered auspicious to see a peacock, especially if it spreads it’s feathers.

      Thanks for your positive comments!

    • Margaret Schindel profile image

      Margaret Schindel 

      7 months ago from Massachusetts

      Thank you for sharing so much fascinating information about peacocks! I was fortunate to observe a peacock, a couple of peahens and their chicks “up close and personal” during a vacation at a Jamaican resort a few years ago and I cherish the experience and the photos my husband and I were able to capture during our stay.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      13 months ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank You Anusha for reading and appreciating the article !

      Like you I have also seen them at places, other than a Zoo. When I was at Baroda, I was fortunate to see them in full glory, with all their beautiful feathers spread out.

      It was majestic! Only God can create such beautiful colours and such wonderful creatures.

      I am glad you found this article informative. Thanks again!

    • anusha15 profile image

      Anusha Jain 

      13 months ago from Delhi, India

      A very well researched and awesomely written hub. I love the plethora of colors on the peacock. When we were young and went to our Grandma's village, that was the first time I got introduced to peacock in person. I was mesmerized and till date, their beauty and colors haven't ceased to amaze me.

      I came to know a lot of new things about this fascination creation of god on your hub. Thanks a lot for that. Again, fabulous article.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      22 months ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you SAQIB66O8 for stopping by and your positive comments!

      Yes the Peacock is a symbol of freedom.

      Glad you liked the hub. Thank you!

    • SAQIB6608 profile image

      SAQIB 

      22 months ago from HYDERABAD PAKISTAN

      Always been fond of PeaCOCKS,

      The Peacock is believed to be a symbol of freedom.

      They can walk on the earth and swim in the sea as humans do but they also have the ability to soar into the sky.

      GREAT READING, GO ON

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you vespawoolf, for reading and commenting!

      Glad you liked the interesting facts about Peacocks.

      Have a good day!

    • vespawoolf profile image

      vespawoolf 

      2 years ago from Peru, South America

      I've been fascinated with peacocks since I was a little girl. Thank you for sharing interesting facts about them. I didn't realize they weren't monogamous like most birds.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Peggy W, for your kind visit and positive comments!

      Glad to learn that you liked the article about the national bird of India, that is the Peacock. What a beautiful word but such a sharp voice.

      Thanks and have a good day!

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 

      2 years ago from Houston, Texas

      What a beautiful bird to be your national bird of India. It is certainly colorful and I always enjoy seeing them whenever I can. I can understand why they can effectively alert other animals when predators are close because of their noisy calls. Good article!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Shyron E Shenko, for your kind visit and appreciation of the hub!

      I am pleased to learn that you enjoy seeing these beautiful birds in your area. They are definitely one of God's most wonderful creations.

      Thanks and have a lovely day!

    • Shyron E Shenko profile image

      Shyron E Shenko 

      2 years ago from Texas

      This I believe is the most beautiful of birds and we have an area in the town I live in where they roam free and a lot of people feed them and take many photos of them, thank you Chitrangada for sharing these beautiful pictures and informative facts.

      Blessings my friend.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks Surabhi, for your lovely comments!

      Great to see you after a long time. How beautiful to keep Peacock feathers in books! Even I have done it earlier--One can instantly start feeling positive.

      Thank you so much for your visit and appreciation of the hub!

    • profile image

      Surabhi Kaura 

      2 years ago

      What a delight to read this amazing hub, Chitrangada ji. It reminds me of my childhood days spent in the Noormehal city; known for peacoks. Ha ha - I used to collect their feathers and keep them in my novels. Lovely poem!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Shampa, for reading and commenting! So good to see you after a long time.

      Glad you found the hub informative. Thanks!

    • shampa sadhya profile image

      Shampa Sadhya 

      2 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Learnt in details about our national bird. A very informative hub.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Patsybell, for reading and commenting on this hub!

      I am glad you liked the information about the Peacock. Thanks and have a good day!

    • Patsybell profile image

      Patsy Bell Hobson 

      2 years ago from zone 6a, SEMO

      Great hub. I learned so much here. What amazing birds. Good information.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you for the kind visit and appreciation of the hub!

      Glad to know you liked the information!

    • ninesonson profile image

      Worraphark 

      2 years ago from Thailand

      Wow! This is amazing about peacock, I love it. Thanks for your information.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Dianna, for visiting and appreciating the hub!

      I am so happy to see you after a long time. And you are right, white Peacock looks so graceful . I have seen the coloured ones so many times even near our home. The white one is rare but I have seen them in the Zoo. It's delightful to watch them when they spread their feathers.

      Thank you and have a great day!

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      2 years ago

      I love the white feathered peacock pictured here; it's so beautiful! Interesting fact about the prediction of rain when it displays its full set of feathers.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you AliciaC for reading and commenting on this hub. It makes me feel good that you liked this hub about Peacocks.

      Thanks for the follow as well! Have a good day!

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 

      2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Peacocks can be so beautiful. Thank you for sharing this lovely hub and all the facts. I didn't know that the peacock was the national bird of India. It sounds like a great choice!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Rajan ji, for reading and commenting on this hub!

      So pleased to know that you liked it. Thanks!

    • rajan jolly profile image

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      2 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      There is no sight more majestic & graceful than a peacock with its feathers spread up and wide.

      A very informative, well written hub and great videos.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Deb, for reading and commenting on this hub!

      I appreciate your comments on this hub since you have such a deep understanding about the life and characteristics of the avian life. I am sure you must have great photographs of these beautiful birds.

      Thanks for your support!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Audrey, for appreciating the article!

      I am pleased to read your comments!

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 

      2 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      There is a lady near here with a ranch that raises peacocks. I was there shortly before dark, and they all roosted in the trees. This was during breeding season, so I got to meet and photograph one of the youngsters.

    • AudreyHowitt profile image

      Audrey Howitt 

      2 years ago from California

      These are such beautiful birds! Such a beautiful article!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks Nell, for reading and appreciating this hub on Peacocks. Glad you liked it.

      Yes I saw the picture in your excellent hub. Thanks!

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 

      2 years ago from England

      Beautiful hub, I love these birds, I recently saw them up close at a Castle, wonderful!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Nithya, for reading and commenting on this hub! Appreciate your positive comments. Thanks!

    • Vellur profile image

      Nithya Venkat 

      2 years ago from Dubai

      Peacocks are beautiful and unique birds. An interesting and informative post, enjoyed reading.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks MsDora, for reading and commenting on this hub! I am pleased to learn that you liked the information about Peacocks.

      Thanks for your positive feedback and support!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Faith Reaper, for your kind visit and comments!

      I am glad to hear from you . You are right that Peacocks are one of the most beautiful bird. It's good to know that you can see them frequently at your place.

      Always a pleasure to read your feedback. Thanks for your support!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks Vasantha T K, for reading and commenting on this hub! Glad you liked the hub!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you for reading and commenting on this hub, Bill!

      You are right Peacocks have a very sharp sound but their beauty is heavenly.

      Always a pleasure to read your comments! Thanks for the support!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Jodah, for remembering me on my birthday!

      I am happy to read your feedback on this hub on Peacocks. Yes you are right, different cultures have different beliefs about Peacocks.

      Personally I am attracted to its beauty. I have kept some feathers in my home for decoration purposes.

      Thanks for your kind visit and support!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Madan Ji, for your appreciative comments! I am pleased to read your positive comments!

      Thank you!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Ericdierker for appreciating the hub !

      Appreciate your kind visit and comments!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Devika, for reading the hub! I am glad that you like Peacocks and the information related to it.

      Your feedback is always appreciated!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks Dana Tate, for reading and appreciating this hub about Peacocks! I am glad you liked the information.

      Thank you!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks Rachel L Alba, for appreciating the hub!

      I am glad you liked the information about Peacocks. I agree with you that white Peacocks are equally beautiful.

      Appreciate your kind visit and comments!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile imageAUTHOR

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you Harish Prasad Ji, for reading and commenting on this hub. I am glad you liked the information about Peacocks.

      Appreciate your kind visit and comments!

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 

      2 years ago from The Caribbean

      The peacock as a symbol of freedom is inspiring. Thanks for all this good information about India and its national bird. Great choice!

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 

      2 years ago from southern USA

      Oh, the Peacock is one of the most strikingly beautiful creatures on this Earth! It is interesting to know that the Peacock is India's National bird.

      They certainly love to strut their stuff, and it's no wonder ...

      Their colors are magnificent. We have them here in southern USA too.

      Thank you for sharing all about this stunning bird.

    • vasantha  T k profile image

      vasantha T k 

      2 years ago from Bangalore

      Beautiful hub on beautiful bird. Thanks for sharing.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      2 years ago from Olympia, WA

      I would raise peacocks on our urban farm but for one thing: they are so incredibly loud! I have never heard a louder bird in my life but my goodness, they are stunning in their colors.

    • Jodah profile image

      John Hansen 

      2 years ago from Queensland Australia

      A lovely bird to write a hub about, Chitrangada. I wasn't aware that the peacock was India's national bird. We used to have a peacock visit us everyday at a previous home. They are certainly one of the world's most beautiful creatures.

      Some people in Australia consider peacock feathers to be bad luck, and one of our friends will not visit anywhere she thinks may have peacocks or their feathers. She says every time she has been in contact, a friend or family member has died. I think this is just a superstition, however.

      I hope you had a great birthday a couple of days ago.

    • emge profile image

      Madan 

      2 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Fantastic post on peacock. You covered almost everything and added to all round wisdom.

    • Ericdierker profile image

      Eric Dierker 

      2 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

      this was great to read. thank you

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      2 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      A beautiful bird! You shared interesting facts and I like the colors it is fascinating to read about a unique bird.

    • Dana Tate profile image

      Dana Tate 

      2 years ago from LOS ANGELES

      I just love Peacocks. They are one of the most beautiful animals I have ever seen.

    • Rachel L Alba profile image

      Rachel L Alba 

      2 years ago from Every Day Cooking and Baking

      Hi Chitrangada, What a beautiful hub. With out a doubt, the peacock is the most beautiful bird. Even the white one with the color when it shows it's tail, in my opinion is equally beautiful. Thank you for the interesting information.

      Blessings to you.

    • Harishprasad profile image

      Harish Mamgain 

      2 years ago from New Delhi , India

      What a wobderful hub about such a beatiful bird ! The information, photos and videos, the whole package is enchanting. It's interesting to know that peacock sheds his feathers every year and grows new feathers. ChitrangadaSharan, I got to know more about peacock through this lovely hub. Well done.

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