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Jacksons Chameleon Care Sheet, Photos, And Other Information

Updated on September 15, 2013
In this photo is a beautiful specimen of a Jackson's Chameleon
In this photo is a beautiful specimen of a Jackson's Chameleon

Beautiful Photos Of Jacksons Chameleons

Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon
Jacksons Chameleon

Jacksons Chameleon Information

The Jackson's Chameleon or Three Horned Chameleon is a chameleon that is native to Africa. In 1896 Belgian British Zoologist George Boulenger first told of seeing the chameleon and described it.

The Jackson Chameleon is a beautiful reptile that will make a great display reptile that people will really enjoy looking at.

Where Does The Jackson Chameleon Live In The Wild?

There are three horns found on the heads of male Jackson's Chameleons. You'll find if you do your own research that the Jackson's Chameleon is native to the humid cooler regions of Tanzania and Kenya. It was introduced to Hawaii in the 1970s and there is now an established breeding population there. It was introduced to south Florida in the 1980s and there is now an established breeding population there in south Florida. In south Florida it is believed that people just simply turned them loose in their yards and they went on from there to establish a breeding population.

Jackson's Chameleons In Captivity

These chameleons do make wonderful pets but they must be taken care of properly. They require huge amounts of humidity and they must be kept in screen wire or wire mesh cages. They can not stand for their air to become stagnant. They must have colder temperatures at night. Too much humidity or to much heat can cause eye infections and upper respiratory infections. In under ideal conditions in captivity a Jackson's Chameleon can be expected to live for five to ten years.

Jackson's Chameleons Give Birth To Live Young

Most chameleons lay eggs but Jackson's Chameleons give birth to live young. The female Jackson's Chameleon will give birth to 10 - 30 live baby Jackson's Chameleons after a five to six month gestation period.

They Are Sometimes Called Three Horned Chameleons

They are called this because the male Jackson's Chameleon has three brown horns. One on the nose and one above each eye. The female generally has no horns. The Jackson's Chameleon can change colors depending on its mood, the temperature, and it's health. The Jackson's Chameleon has a varied life span with the males usually living longer than the females. The adult Jackson's Chameleon is about 12 inches in length with a saw tooth shaped dorsal ridge. They are sexually mature at five months of age.

They live primarily on a diet consisting mostly of insects. They are less territorial than other species of chameleon. Males will usually express dominance by displays of color changing, and posturing to try to run the other male off so they can breed with the females in the area but it doesn't lead to physical fights like it can with other species of chameleons.

It was in the 1970s that the Jackson's Chameleon became very popular in the pet trade. Most Jackson's Chameleons for sale in the US pet trade are captured in Hawaii and shipped to the United States.

Jackson Chameleons Tongues Can Be One And A Half Times Their Body Length

As hard as it may be to believe their tongues can be one and a half times the length of their bodies and their tongue is sticky enabling them to capture insects which are quickly pulled back into their mouths and consumed.

Water For The Jackson's Chameleons

In captivity and in the wild their water must be provided in a way that resembles raindrops. Or dew on leaves. They will drink the drops of rain that are on plants but will rarely drink from a pool of water. Adults do well in day time temperatures of 75 - 85 degrees with considerably cooler temperatures at night. But the night temperature must be well above freezing.

In this photo is a beautiful specimen of a Jackson's Chameleon. Notice his three horns in the photo.
In this photo is a beautiful specimen of a Jackson's Chameleon. Notice his three horns in the photo.

Jackson's Chameleon Care Sheet

If you plan on keeping Jackson's Chameleons you need to do careful research and I suggest keeping careful notes so you can refer back to them. You need to buy a couple of good books on Jackson's Chameleons and above are some cages of the type you need to keep a Jackson's Chameleon in.

Yellow Crested Jackson's Chameleon's Are The Most Available

Yellow Crested Jackson's Chameleons are the most widely available Jackson's Chameleon available in the US pet trade today. You can find captive breed Jackson's Chameleons at reptile pet shows, at pet shops and for sale on the internet. I know when we take Jackson's Chameleons to reptile shows they are usually very popular. In fact when we set up nice display cages they are the most popular reptile at the show. I hope if you're thinking of buying a Jackson's Chameleon that you will read everything here and continue to do your research until you know everything possible about the Jackson's Chameleon.

Jackson's Chameleon's Sell For $75 to $150

You'll currently find Jackson's Chameleons being sold from $75 to $150 depending on the size and sex of the Jackson's Chameleon. Most of though not all of the Jackson's Chameleons currently being offered for sale are captive bred. The person selling the Jackson's Chameleon to you should be willing to give you detailed information about where your Jackson's Chameleon came from.

Your Chameleon Will Be About 3 -4 Inches When You Get It

Yellow Crested Jackson Chameleon young are usually 3 - 4 inches in total length. The adult females will be 7 - 8 inches in length and the males will be 8 - 10 inches in length. Some healthy males will reach a foot or more in length.

How Long Will My Jackson Chameleon Live

Very well cared for males can and do live for 10 years or more but the females especially breeding females will live considerably shorter life spans. Females will live from four to five years. The females whole purpose in life is to produce and give birth to more baby Jackson's Chameleons and this just simply wears their body out. This is the reason for the much shorter life span than the males. If your not interested in breeding you should get a male because of the much longer life span of a male.

My Jackson's Chameleon Cage

Your Jackson Chameleons cage should be all screen and it should be three foot tall by two foot square. You should house your Jackson Chameleons each in its own separate wire cage.

You need non toxic plants in the cage for the chameleon to climb on and hide in. You should also have sticks of various sizes in the cage. Your chameleon is going to want to climb and you'll want to be sure that any branches or sticks are securely fastened down.

Lights For Your Jackson's Chameleon Cage

You need day time temperatures of eighty degrees with nighttime temperatures of sixty degrees. On top of the cage you want to place a UVB full spectrum tube and a spot lamp for heat. Place branches for basking three to four inches from the screen on the inside and the light housing three to four inches on the outside. This will prevent the chameleon from getting to close to the light and suffering a burn.

Natural Sunlight Is Important Exposure to natural sunlight is very important especially for live bearing chameleons like the Jackson's Chameleon. Put them out doors for a few hours but keep a close eye on them and don't ever leave them unattended. If you see them turn real light in color and appear to be panting get them into the shade and be sure to create artificial rain in their cage to hydrate them. You don't want your Jackson Chameleon to get heat stress from being left in the sun for to long.

What Do I Feed My Jackson's Chameleon

First of all you should know that Jackson's Chameleons are insectivores. This means that they eat mostly insects. The primary food of your Jackson's Chameleon should be gut loaded crickets. What this means is that you should feed the crickets well just a short time before they go into the chameleons cage to be eaten.

You can also give your Jackson's Chameleon wax worms, meal worms, house flies, and cockroaches. Some people also give them small snails. Your goal should be to provide your Jackson's Chameleon with highly nutritious high quality insects. The best way to do this is to feed the insects well before you feed the insects to your chameleon.

You need to dust your feeder insects with calcium and other reptile vitamins just before feeding the insects to your chameleon. This will insure they consume the calcium and vitamins and it will work to help keep your chameleon healthy and happy.

Insects offered to your chameleon should be no longer than the space between your chameleons eyes. Yes you are going to have to be real choosy with the insects you feed to juvenile chameleons. Don't ever give your chameleon over 5 - 7 insects at a time. If it eats all the insects you'll know it was well fed. Also be sure to not be tempted to feed it insects that are too large. Your Chameleon could choke to death or injure its throat.

How Much Water Does My Jackson's Chameleon Need

In the native habitat of the Jackson's Chameleon it rains 30 to 60 inches a year and the humidity is 50 - 80 percent. You need to match this as close as possible. You need a humidity meter and a thermometer in the cage with your chameleon so you can keep a eye on them all the time. The signs of a fully hydrated Jackson's Chameleon is that its eyes will be full and it will have a over all healthy appearance. You never want your Jackson's Chameleon to dry out.

You should use a cool humidifier to provide a cool mist in the cage if the humidity drops below 50 percent. Twice a day you should mist the entire enclosure including the chameleon with a mist of water from a spray bottle. Keep in mind your chameleon is going to be drinking this water from drops on its plants so you must use bottled water and not tap water. Chlorine and other chemicals in tap water can harm your chameleon. Once a week you need to create a rainstorm in your chameleons cage if its possible. This will help to hydrate the chameleon and also help to clean it. You can do this by putting the chameleon on a plant in a cage in your shower and make the water lukewarm. I know its tap water but you have to provide complete hydration to the chameleon once in a while. Don't do it over once a week. This will help you have a happy healthy chameleon.

Thanks For Reading My Hub Page On Jackson's Chameleons

I want to thank you for reading my Hub Page on Jackson's Chameleons. I hope you find the information here helpful. I also want you to feel free to post your comments, tips, and suggestions below. They are welcome. Just no links please.

I've been keeping Jackson's Chameleons now for over forty years and I do consider myself an authority on the Jackson's Chameleon and other reptiles and amphibians also. As time goes by I will add more information to this Hub Page so if you have questions about the Jackson's Chameleon add your questions below and I will be glad to answer them for you.

Please feel free to post your comments. questions, or tips about Jackson's Chameleons now. And thanks for reading.

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    • Eiddwen profile image


      6 years ago from Wales

      So very interesting and well presented my friend. Here's to so many more for us both to share on here.



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