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Little Known Horse Breeds

Updated on November 23, 2016

Kazakh Man on Adaevskaya Horse

Sergei Ivanovich Borisov [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Sergei Ivanovich Borisov [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

They are a relatively small horse that stands 13 to 14 hands tall. You will usually find them in chestnut, palomino, bay and gray colors. The Adaev's veins are visible on the surface of their skin because the skin is very thin.

There are three types of Adaev. The light and medium are hardy Adaev horses. They are usually riding horses. This type of Adaev horse is often crossed with the Akhai-Teke horse.

The massive Adaev is the favorite type of the Adaev breed. They are very agile and have a lot of endurance. They can adapt very well to poor environments.

The Adaev originated in the Kazakhstan's steppes. They can be traced back to 5000BC. Another Kazakhstan horse breed was the Jabe, and they crossed it with the Adaev to improve the Jabe. This caused a decrease in the Adaev horse breed numbers.

Some horse breeders gathered about 27,000 Adaev horses together in 1985 to try and increase the Adaev horses numbers.

They are now used for riding and milk production. The Adaev numbers are increasing.

Alter Real Horse From Portugal

By Jean [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commo
By Jean [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commo | Source

The Alter Real horse originated in Portugal. They are named after a small town in Portugal called Alter de Chao. They are a very high stepping horse and are great as carriage and riding horses. They are also good for use in dressage competitions.

The Alter Real horse is very rare. They are always bay in color. They will usually be 15.1 to 16.1 hands tall.

They are easy to train because they are anxious to learn. They are usually spirited and high strung. They are not always good for a beginner.

Tn 1747 the Braganza family established the Alter Real breed at the Royal Stables of Lisbon. The Brazanza's were a royal family and it is believed they added “Real” to the horses name. The Alter Real breed started with 300 Andalusian mares from Spain.

When Napoleon's army invaded Portugal they tried to improve the Alter Real breed but their efforts were a disaster. They crossed the Alter Real with the English Hanoverian, Thoroughbred and Norman horse breeds. Then the Alter Real breed started to weaken they added the Arab Breed. The Portuguese government took over and added the Native Andalusian in the 1800's. The Alter Real finally regained its glory.

In the early 20th century they almost became extinct for the second time. The new Portuguese government quit breeding the Alter Real. They kept 2 stallions and the rest were castrated. The only reason these 2 stallions were not castrated was because they were saved by Dr. Ruy d'Andrade. He took the 2 stallions and a few mares and started a new herd. His new herd was very successful and by the middle of the 20th century he gave his herd to the Ministry of Agriculture in Portugal where they have done very well.

The Boulonnais Horse from France

By Ib51 (Own work) [GFDL ( or CC BY-SA 3.0 (HTTP://], via Wikimedia Commons
By Ib51 (Own work) [GFDL ( or CC BY-SA 3.0 (HTTP://], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

The Boulonnais horse originated in France. They are a draft horse breed that is heavy. Their numbers have decreased so the French government handles their breeding program.

The Boulonnais horse traces back to before the Crusades. At one time they were popular draft horses in many areas of Europe. The Boulonnais horse is also known as the White Marble Horse. The Boulonnais horse usually has an anchor brand on the left side of their neck.

In the 18th century, the Boulonnais horse was found in black or dark by colors. The gray gene is dominant so most of them are gray. There are very few Boulonnais around now so black and dark bay colors are rare. Efforts are being made to bring back the black color. They are using the genes of the black Boulonnais stallion known as Esope.

There were two types of Boulonnais horses in the early days. There was the Maree which was larger. The Maree weighed 1,430 to 1,650 pounds and was 15.3 to 16.3 hands tall. The Mareyeuse was smaller and weighed 1,210 to 1,430 pounds and was 15.1 to 15.3 hands tall. They do not have any feathering on their lower leg like some draft horses.

It is thought the Boulonnais horse was developed by breeding native French mares to the stallions the Numidian army brought to France in 55 and 54BC. There were two French breeders that during the time of the Crusades wanted to develop a warhorse for the knights to ride that was agile, strong and fast. Eustache, Comte de Boulogne, and Robert, Comte d'Artist bred German Neckline mares with the heavy French Stallions. The German Neckline horses were very similar to the Hanoverian horse of today. The modern Boulonnais of today was developed in the 17th century when the Spanish occupied Flanders. They added Spanish Barb, Arabian, and Andalusian blood to the Boulonnais.

There were over 800,000 Boulonnais used as work horses in France at one time. The Boulonnais horse breed was almost destroyed during World War I and World War II. The smaller Boulonnais was destroyed. The larger type survived but it is believed there are less than 1,000 of them left in France.

The Boulonnais was great as a draft, carriage and riding horses. Today there is not much use for them so they are used mainly for horse meat.

The smaller Marketer Boulonnais was used in the 17th century to pull carts of fresh fish from Bologna to Paris. These powerful little horses would make the 200 mile trip in less than 18 hours.

Bashkir Curly Horse

 Lindsayanne at English Wikipedia [GFDL (, CC BY 2.5
Lindsayanne at English Wikipedia [GFDL (, CC BY 2.5 | Source

The Bashkir Curly is a curly coated horse found in many parts of the United States. The Bashkir Curly is considered a very good western horse. They are very good in rodeos and western riding competitions.

They will adapt very well to their surroundings. They can find their own food in terrible harsh winters and dry summers.


Their body is covered with thick ringlets and their mane and tail are thick. In the summer their mane and tail will get very silky.

The Bashkir Curly of America resembles a medium build Morgan horse. The are very good riding horses.

No one knows how the Bashkir Curly got to America. In 1898 three Bashkir Curly horses were found in the hills of Nevada. It is thought by many people the Russians brought them to Alaska. It is believed the Russians traded them to California miners. There have been some Bashkir Curly horses found in South America. Many people do not believe the American Bashkir Curly originated from the Russian Bashkir Curly horses that were brought to Alaska.

The American Bashkir Curly horse has been influenced by the Russian Bashkir Curly, Tarpan, and Przewalski's horse.


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    • phoenix2327 profile image

      Zulma Burgos-Dudgeon 15 months ago from United Kingdom

      As an animal lover, there is no way I would not read one of your animal hubs.

      These breeds were fascinating. The Adaevskaya Horse reminds me of Przewalski's wild horse. The Altar Real seems to know it's royalty if this picture is anything to go by.

    • norlawrence profile image

      Norma Lawrence 15 months ago from California

      billybuc Thank you I love horses also. Have ridden since I was 6 and shown since I was 8.

    • Readmikenow profile image

      Readmikenow 15 months ago

      Very interesting article. So man things I don't know about horses. I enjoyed reading it.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 15 months ago from Olympia, WA

      Spectacular! Anything and everything about horses, I love. :)