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Little Known Pony Breeds Part I

Updated on November 28, 2016

Bardigiano Pony

 Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 | Source

The Bardigiano pony is from Italy. They are a medium size pony that was developed using the Gaulish war ponies from the Middle Ages. They are considered a very good all-purpose breed. They are used for work, driving, and riding. They were developed in the Italian mountains and this made them very hardy.

It is believed the Bardigiano pony was descended from the horses that were ridden by the Belgian Gauls when they invaded Italy during Roman times. They have been able to adapt to the rough mountain areas of the Northern Apennines area of Italy. They have characteristics similar to those of the Haflinger, English Exmoor, Dales, and Astureon.

Bardigiano mares were bred to produce mules during World War I, and World War II. The purebred Bardigiano almost disappeared as a breed because of this. Stallions from different breeds were brought in to save the breed. This turned out to be a mistake.

They are usually 13.1 to 14.1 hands tall. They are usually brown, bay, and black in color. They can have a small amount of white on their face and legs. They are usually quiet and gentle. Sometimes they may become high strung but this is not common.

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2  Photo taken by user BS Thurner Hof
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 Photo taken by user BS Thurner Hof | Source

They are quite adaptable and are used for trekking, riding, driving, and work on the farm. They were used as war horses in the Middle Ages.


Bali Pony

Tropenmuseum, part of the National Museum of World Cultures [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Tropenmuseum, part of the National Museum of World Cultures [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

The Bali pony if from Indonesia. They are an ancient breed of ponies that are found on the island of Bali. It is believed the Chinese brought them to Indonesia in the 6th century. The Bali pony was developed from this stock which would have been related to the Mongolian horse of China. There was also some horses from India taken to Indonesia. The Dutch also brought several breeds to Indonesia in the 12th century.

The Bali pony is hardy and does well without much outside help. They are tough with strong legs and hard hooves. They do not wear shoes. The Bali pony has shoulder bars, a dorsal stripe, and zebra stripes on their legs which are very preemptive markings. They have a dun-colored body with a black mane, legs, and tail. They are 12 to 13 hands tall. They resemble the Przewalski's Horse.

The natives use the Bali pony to haul stones and coral from the beach. They are also used by the tourists for trekking and riding.


Basuto Pony

By C. G. Wrangel Public Domain
By C. G. Wrangel Public Domain | Source

In 1673 The Dutch East India Trading Company sent Dutch settlers to South Africa and they brought 4 horses of unknown breeding with them. The Persian horse and the Arabian horse blood was added to the Dutch settlers horses to develop the Cape horse. They were very popular and valuable in the Boer Wars. It is believed the Cape horse and the Basuto pony were the same horse in the beginning but Thoroughbred and Arabian blood kept being added and the Cape horse got larger and the Basuto pony stayed small and stockier. The Cape horses were acquired by Lesotho as spoils of war between the settlers and the Zulus. The horses lived in harsh conditions and started breeding with the local ponies. The Cape horse started losing its size and noble look and the Basuto pony started taking their place.

The Basuto ponies were ridden over hilly and rocky terrain at high speeds so they became tough, and sure-footed ponies. They had great stamina and were very brave. The Basuto pony was so popular many of them were exported. During the Boer War, many of the best horses were killed. There are now projects in place to save the Basuto pony.

The Basuto pony is considered a small horse by many because of their horse type characteristics. They are muscular and have very strong hooves. They are usually never taller than 14.2 hands. Their color is usually brown, bay, chestnut, gray and black with white markings. They are very fast and surefooted. They are a gaited breed with a walk, trot, canter, the triple, and the pace.

The Basuto pony is used for hacking, trekking, racing, and polo. They are very calm and like to be around people.


Batak Pony

By Unknown  Public Domain
By Unknown Public Domain | Source

The Batak pony originated in Central Sumatra, Indonesia. It is believed the Batak pony is descended from the Mongolian Horse. Through the years Arabian blood has been added. The Arabian blood has improved the quality of the Batak pony. At one time the Batak pony was sacrificed in religious ceremonies.

The Batak pony is slender but strong and well built. They do have some conformation abnormalities because of poor food. The Sandalwood Pony is considered a better quality pony than the Batak pony. They are a willing breed and very hardy. They will be 11.3 hands tall but some will reach 13 hands tall. They are usually brown but can be any color. Because of their Arabian blood they can be spirited but are usually very calm and can be ridden by children. They are very fast and are good for racing.

They are usually used for riding but some are raced.



Bosnian Pony

By bs:Korisnik:Agan [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
By bs:Korisnik:Agan [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

The Bosnian Pony is native to Bosnia and Herzegovina. They belong to the Balkan group of Breeds. They are thought to have been developed by crossing the Tarpan horse with the Asian Wild Horse.

The Bosnian Pony resembles the Hucal pony and the Konik Pony. These three breeds are called the Balkan breeds. They are considered ancient breeds of ponies.

Since the 1900's the government has controlled the breeding programs of the Bosnian Pony. All of the stallions are owned by the government and the mares are owned by individuals. During the 1940's these stallions were used in the breeding program. They were Agan, Barat, and Misco. Agan, and Barat were very much like the Asian Wild Horse and Misco was a much lighter type of horse.


By Pavle Cikovac at de.wikipedia (Own work (own photo)) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
By Pavle Cikovac at de.wikipedia (Own work (own photo)) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

The Bosnian pony is usually 12.1 to 14 hands tall. Their color will be brown, bay, gray, chestnut, black, and palomino. They have short legs. They are very sure footed. They resemble the Asian Wild Horse. Oriental blood has been added so they are more refined than the Asian Wild Horse. They are very tough and usually calm so they are very easy to ride and handle. They are considered easy keepers.

They are used as pack horses, for riding and light work on the farms. They are used for packing in rough terrain where motorized vehicles can not go.




Comments

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    • norlawrence profile imageAUTHOR

      Norma Lawrence 

      23 months ago from California

      Thanks for comment phoenix2327. They will keep coming as I have many of them. Many of the pony breeds originated in Europe many years ago. Thanks again.

    • norlawrence profile imageAUTHOR

      Norma Lawrence 

      23 months ago from California

      Thanks for the comment pstraubie48. I really appreciated it.

    • phoenix2327 profile image

      Zulma Burgos-Dudgeon 

      23 months ago from United Kingdom

      Another enjoyable hub on horses. Please keep them coming as I find these fascinating. :)

    • pstraubie48 profile image

      Patricia Scott 

      23 months ago from sunny Florida

      Quite a collection of lovelies...my friend has ponies and a collection of other horses as well so I know she will enjoy reading this too. Will be sharing with her.

      Angels are on the way to you this evening ps

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