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Molosser Dogs From India and Pakistan

Updated on December 24, 2017
Molosser Dogs
Molosser Dogs | Source

Molosser Dogs

The name Molosser was derived from Molossian shepherd dogs from Molossia. Molossian shepherds were strong, well-built and giant dogs and also known as Molossus. Latter the dogs of similar traits were acknowledged to Molosser category of Dogs. Molosser dogs doesn’t have exact description and standards. Normally the powerful, muscular and heavy boned dogs with pendent ears, short muzzle, muscular neck and broad head are acknowledged to Molosser category. Some breeders also believe the Mastiff dogs, which are mainly used for dog fight, bull baiting and field games are dogs of Molosser category.

Common Mastiffs from India and Pakistan

There are some dogs which were originated from Indo-Pakistan, and are common to the India and Pakistan.

  • Bully Kutta or Alangu Mastiff
  • Bhakarwal Mastiff

Indo-Pakistani Moolosars

#1: Bully Kutta or Indian Mastiffs (Alangu Mastiff)

Common Molosser dogs of India and Pakistan
Common Molosser dogs of India and Pakistan

Bully Kutta or Alangu Mastiffs are the most popular, Molosser Dogs from India and Pakistan. They are also known as, Indian Mastiff, Sindh Mastiff, Alangu Mastiff, Desi Bully and Pakistani Mastiff.

Basically, this dog was originated from Sindh and Punjab region of India and Pakistan and Initially they were used as a common guard dog. They have wrinkled face and strong build and because of their wrinkled face they were known as "BHOLI KUTTA" in local language and from where they got their name BULLY KUTTA. The meaning of BHOLI KUTTA is "The Dog with Wrinkled face", BHOLI means “heavily wrinkled” in Hindi and Punjabi language and "KUTTA" means “dog” in South Asian language.

They got the name "Sindh Mastiff" from the place they were originated and later, they became popular as Indian Mastiff in India and as Pakistani mastiff in Pakistan. The latter, when they travelled to south Indian City Tiruchi and Thanjavur districts, then they became popular with the name "Alangu Mastiff".

bully kutta
bully kutta | Source

Origin of Bully Kutta or Indian Mastiff.

Their origin is not clear, but it’s commonly believed, that they were developed during the British Colonial rule in India, for sporting purposes. Already a mastiff type native dog was present in the subcontinent of Indo-Pakistan and when the British conquered this continent, they bought some mastiff dogs from England which mixed with these local Mastiff dogs.

Physical Trait of Bully Kutta, Alangu Mastiff

  • Height: 28 -33 inches.
  • Weight: Male: 70–90 kg, Female: 70–90 kg.
  • Lifespan: 9 -10 years.
  • Origin: Sindh region, From Indo-Pakistan.

#2: Bakharwal Mastiff or Kashmiri Sheepdog


The Bakharwal Mastiff Dog or Kashmiri Sheep Dog is the Molosser dog of the Himalayan origin and was bred exclusively by a Muslim nomadic group called "Gujjars" to protect their livestock from predators. They are Very protective, loyal, intelligent and friendly dogs that have strong-boned, with powerful necks and large heads. They are available in Jammu and Kashmir region of India and Pakistan.

The name Bakharawal is taken from the word "Bakri," meaning goat, because the dog was bred to protect goats and sheep from wolves and bears. Also known as Kashmir Sheepdog, Bakarwal Mastiff, Kashmiri Bakharwal Dog, Gujjar Watchdog, Bakarwal, Gujjar Dog, and Kashmiri Mastiff.
This Dog has a very unique speciality “Bhakarwal Dog do not prefer non-vegetarian foods, This dog likes vegetarian food. Its favourite food is milk and bread.

Physical Traits of Bakharwal Mastiffs

  • Height: Average 24 to 30 inches, with some rare examples up to 34 inches.
  • Weight: Average, 30 -38 kg. with some examples up to 42 kg.
  • Lifespan: 10 -12 Years
  • Origin: Kashmir region of (Indo-Pakistan)

Indian Molosser Dogs

1: Gaddi Dog or Indian Leopard Hound

Gaddi Dog or Indian Leopard Hound
Gaddi Dog or Indian Leopard Hound | Source

The Gaddi is native Indian dogs, originated from the Himachal state of north India. They are recognised as one of the oldest descendants of the Tibetan Mastiff. Gaddi dogs are also called as Mahidant Mastiff, Indian Leopard Hound. Generally they are gentle, calm, friendly, intelligent and very alert, loyal and protective of their family.

They were groomed by local shepherds for hunting and livestock guarding purposes, but also they are well recognised for their fearless nature and higher stamina and speed. Gaddi dogs are reputed to be strong enough to repulse attacks by snow leopards and are very intelligent to herd stray sheep and goats back to their pens.

Gaddi Dog
Gaddi Dog | Source

Physical Traits Of Gaddi Dogs

  • Weight: 35 – 40 kg (Female, Adult), 40 – 45 kg (Adult, Male).
  • Height: 63.5 cm (Adult), 55.9 – 78.7 cm (Adult, Male), 50.8 – 71.1 cm (Adult, Female)
  • Lifespan: 9- 13 years.
  • Origin: Western Himalayas region of India , Commonly in states Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Punjab.

2: Bhotia Dog

Bhotia Sheep Dog
Bhotia Sheep Dog | Source

This breed is very similar to Gaddi or Indian Leopard Hounds, It’s not easy to differentiate among them. But usually Bhotia Dogs are slight shorter in height and less furry in comparison with Gaddi Dogs. And Gaddi Dogs are basically mountain dogs and well suitable for cold weather and don’t do well in warm weather. But Bhotia can survive a moderate hot weather.

Bhotia dogs very intelligent, friendly and lively dogs which can get along, easily with other pets and strangers. But they are very strong and sturdy dogs that need lots of physical exercise and daily walk and not well adapted to apartment living, they are excellent door guards. They are strong, fearless and born fighters which have a reputation to protect livestock from wolves and jackals.

Bhutia Dog
Bhutia Dog | Source

Physical Traits of Bhutia Dogs

  • Weight: Male are 35-40 kg and female dogs are 30-35 kg.
  • Height: Male are 32-34 inches and female are 29-32 inches.
  • Lifespan: Usually 9 to 13 years.
  • Origin: Eastern Nepal-Ladakh region of India.

Bhutia Dogs

3: Pandikona Hunting Dog

Pandikona Dog
Pandikona Dog | Source

Pandikona are primitive –type hunting dogs, which are known for rarely barking. This dog is basically originated from the Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh, India. Basically, this dog was used for hunting, companion and livestock and property guardian. They are an excellent dog breed for guarding and hunting and need very less grooming and training. They are very territorial and hardly accept any other dog to their territory.

Though they are medium sized and average weight dogs and doesn’t have muscular appearance. But they are naturally healthy, athletic and hardy dogs which have courageous and natural hunting instinct.

Pandikona Hunting Dogs
Pandikona Hunting Dogs | Source

Physical Traits of Pandikona Hunting Dogs

  • Weight: No Exact Data Available, Usually more than 22 kgs and can go around 32 Kgs.
  • Height: Between 21 and 26 inches.
  • Lifespan: NA.
  • Origin: South Indian States, Andra Pradesh and Tamilnadu.

4: Kombai or Combai Dog

Combai Dogs
Combai Dogs | Source

Kombai Dogs are basically a sight hound which was bred for hunting bears, thus they are also known as Indian Bore Hound. They got their name Kombai or Combai from the South Indian city “Kombai”, from where they were originated.

Though they are basically from hounds category, but owing to their well-built, powerful truths and brave and fighting nature they are also considered in Molosser category. Kombai are very friendly, loyal, intelligent, naturally healthy and self-learner dogs that need less care and grooming. Also, they are well suitable for extreme climate.

Kombai Dog
Kombai Dog | Source

Physical Traits of Kombai Dogs:

  • Weight: 35 – 40 kg (Female, Adult), 40 – 45 kg (Adult, Male).
  • Height: 63.5 cm (Adult), 55.9 – 78.7 cm (Adult, Male), 50.8 – 71.1 cm (Adult, Female)
  • Lifespan: Around 9 -11 Years
  • Origin: From South Indian state, Tamilnadu

5: Bangara Mastiff

Bangara Mastiff
Bangara Mastiff | Source

This Dog is developed recently by a retired Indian army Major W.V. Soman in an Indian town called Tehri Garhwal, in North India. The part of town where they were developed known as Banger from where they got their name Bangar Mastiff or Bangara Mastiff.
In 1963, a retired officer Mr. W.V. Soman was asked to act as a judge at a dog show in Mumbai. He noticed that all the dogs on show were imported pedigree breeds and he didn’t find any single Indian native dog breed.Bangar Mastiff dogs are very friendly, alert, courageous and very loyal to their owner and family. They have a very similar muzzle like Tibetan mastiffs but comparatively less hairy and smaller in size. They are well suitable for apartment living and very friendly towards other pets and guests.

Bangar mastiff
Bangar mastiff | Source

Physical Traits of Bangara Mastiff:

  • Weight: 36 to 48 Kg
  • Height: Average, 22 to 26 inches
  • Lifespan: Around 12 - 15 years
  • Origin: Bangar District, North India

Molosser Dogs, from Pakistan

1: Gull Terr

Pakistani Gull Terrier
Pakistani Gull Terrier | Source

Gull Terr is categorized into three categories, based on their size and also known as Gull Terrs, Pakistani Bull Terriers and Kohati Gull Terr. This breed is created in Pakistan by mixing pit and terrier type of dogs which were brought to India by Britishers.
Basically, they are from the working category of dog breed which are brave, fearless and great fighting instinct. Also, they are very protective of their owners and are well recognized for personal protection. They are healthy dogs that need less grooming and can be trained easily.

They are available only in white color with short and medium hair and reddish or pink nose. Usually ears are naturally erected, though some dogs may not have erected ears. They are very lively and protective to owner and family but reserved with strangers and territorial dogs.

Gull Terr in Pakistan
Gull Terr in Pakistan | Source

In recent years dog fight had gained popularity in Pakistan and Pakistani Gull Terrs had got great recognition and appreciation for their fighting superiority.

gull terr dog
gull terr dog | Source

Physical Traits of Gull Terr Dogs

  • Weight: Around 77 - 99 lb (35 - 45 kg).
  • Height: Commonly 20 - 26 inches (50 - 66 cm).
  • Lifespan: 8 - 10 years.
  • Origin: Sindh and Punjab region of Pakistan.

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