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6 Common Birds You'll Find In Your Garden (UK)

Updated on June 3, 2015
Male House Sparrow
Male House Sparrow | Source

House Sparrow

In Latin they are called Passer domesticus. RSPB monitoring suggests an overall general decline in the number of house sparrows, they are still some of the commonest visitors to gardens and feeders.

House Sparrows are social birds that tend to flock together. Both the Male and Female are predominently brown in colour, but the Male House Sparrow (pictured) has a black bill and bib around his face, which is larger during Spring when he is courting a mate. The Male also has a grey brown cap with red-brown sides. The Female sparrow has a yellow brown cap and less distinct markings.

Length: 14cm

Wingspan: 20-22cm

Weight: 19-25g

Feed: Sparrows will eat almost anything from seeds, buds, roots and other scraps.

Blue Tit
Blue Tit | Source

Blue Tit

Their Latin name is Cyanistes caeruleus. The Blue Tit is certainly one of the most attractive small birds to visit gardens regularly. Both Male and Female adult Blue Tits are easily identifyable with their bright blue cap surrounded by white on their faces, with a dark line through the eye and yellow undersides. Blue tits have white bars on their blue wings and blue tails, although in the spring you can identify the males, who will have brighter caps and tails than the females. Juvenile blue tits are slightly less bright with a dull yellow underside and yellow, rather than white cheeks.

Blue tits are also relatively social birds, but keep to looser flocks than sparrows.

Length: 11.5cm

Wingspan: 17-20cm

Weight: 9-12g

Feed: Blue tits eat seeds, insects and nuts, they are often partial to peanut or half-coconut bird feeders.

Adult Starling
Adult Starling | Source

Starlings

Sturnus vulgaris in Latin, Starlings are noisy and messy birds but very common and cheery visitors to bird tables and gardens and, sadly, also in decline in recent years. Starlings are incredibly social- you will rarely see one on its own before a whole flock come to join them. From a distance starlings look brown or black, but in Spring and Summer in particular their feathers show off a greenish-purple sheen amongst their white spotted body. Juvenile starlings' bodies are far more light brown in colour and their spots do not come through until they are nearing maturity.

Length: 21cm

Wingspan: 37-42cm

Weight: 75-90g

Feed: Starlings will eat invertebrates, seeds, berries and flying ants, but will also be happy to try out fat-balls and other similar treats lefton bird feeders.


Blackbird
Blackbird | Source

Blackbird

Turdus merula, the blackbird is part of the thrush family and only the Males are actually black, the females are a brown colour that provides better camouflage. Male blackbirds have large all-black bodies and bright orange-yellow bills, with a yellow eye ring. The females are dark brown in body with a mottled underside and are darker than most other thrushes.

Length: 24-25cm

Wingspan: 34-38cm

Weight: 80-110g

Feed: Blackbirds are less likely to be seen frequenting bird feeders and tables, but more likely to be found hopping across the grass eating worms, insects and fruit, although they will sometimes eat scattered apples.


Woodpigeon
Woodpigeon | Source

Woodpigeon

Columba palumbus. Pigeons come in many colours across the UK due to breeding with racing pigeons and other pets, but the colouring of a woodpigeon, generally, is chiefly grey with a white patch on each side of the neck and deep pink breast. Pigeons generally travel in large flocks and forage for food on the ground.

Length: 40-42cm

Wingspan: 75-80cm

Weight: 480-550g

Feed: Pigeons will eat buds, leaves, fruit in trees and any food it can access from the ground or on bird feeders.

If you grow leafy vegetables, it is best to net them against pigeons who will peck at the leaves- great for birdwatching but not so great for your plants!

Source

Robin

Erithacus rubecula. Robins are still relatively common in the UK, but unlike the other birds mentioned they are notoriously territorial, so if you see one pair nesting you are unlikely to see another, unless the males are fighting. Robins are easily identifiable with their bright red plumage on their breast, brown backs and large black eyes.

Length: 14cm

Wingspan: 20-22cm

Weight: 16-22g

Feed: Robins will eat insects, worms and seeds but will come to brid tables for seeds, meal worms and bacon rind.

Further resources

For further information on birds and identifying them:

RSBP.org

BBC Springwatch Blog

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    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 2 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      We get starlings and House Sparrows. Most of the starlings hang on the electrical wires. They also infiltrate the martin houses, and sometimes drive them out and/or harm the legs and young.

    • owlish profile image
      Author

      owlish 2 years ago from Cheshire

      Thank you for commenting :) which ones do you get too? Are starlings as boisterous when they come to you as when they come here- they've just descended on my bird feeder as I was typing this and are utterly demolishing the fat balls left out for the smaller birds, as usual! :)

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 2 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      Thanks for sharing your birds. We share some of the same ones, and that blue tit is gorgeous!

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