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Owls: Creatures of Magic and Legend.

Updated on October 21, 2016

Some better known species of owl

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Barn Owl:  Often seen as being a ghost!Tawny OwlEagle Owl.  Often said to be world's largest owl with a five-foot wingspan (The Blakinson's Owl is slightly larger).And the smallest, a real cutie!  The Pygmy OwlLong Eared Owl.  Often confused with Eagle Owl but is much smaller.
Barn Owl:  Often seen as being a ghost!
Barn Owl: Often seen as being a ghost!
Tawny Owl
Tawny Owl
Eagle Owl.  Often said to be world's largest owl with a five-foot wingspan (The Blakinson's Owl is slightly larger).
Eagle Owl. Often said to be world's largest owl with a five-foot wingspan (The Blakinson's Owl is slightly larger).
And the smallest, a real cutie!  The Pygmy Owl
And the smallest, a real cutie! The Pygmy Owl
Long Eared Owl.  Often confused with Eagle Owl but is much smaller.
Long Eared Owl. Often confused with Eagle Owl but is much smaller.

Owls and Penguins are our favourites.

Owls: The Stuff of Magic and Legend.

The Owl,
by Robert Challen de Mercer
(From Charged Particles)

“All the forest dwellers take fright,
At the silent ruler of the night.
Wily hunter with steely grasp,
That ends a life without a gasp.

Eyes that pierce the deepest gloom;
His mournful cry the sound of doom;
Ears that catch the scuffling voles,
Stirring in their moss-lined holes.

Golden-eyed warrior of the glades;
Solemn Solomon of the shades:
Grim aerobat that knows no peer.
Wise owl, ‘tis only man you fear.".

Actually, although so many creatures fear man, his hunting instinct and his awful weapons, the owls in general, at least in the British Isles, are well protected and little persecuted by man today. One reason is obvious, they come out when we go to bed and all most folks know of the owl are rural dwellers who sometimes hear their calls: hoots and screeches. Another reason is, they fall into the lucky creatures who look something like us, along with the monkeys and their ilk. This is due to the position of their huge eyes. Unlike most birds whose eyes are on the sides of their heads, the owl’s eyes look ahead as our do, and they have to rotate their heads to see all round them, again, as man does, but owls are a bit better at it, their heads can swivel nearly 180 degrees to each side, adding up to nearly 360 degrees.. Achieving that for mere man would perhaps result in a quadriplegic!

Also, owls consume a lot of what we see as vermin, young rats, mice, rabbits and other small mammals who enjoy eating our cash crops or garden veggies. That they also put paid to a lot of our beloved song birds, we turn a blind eye to.

We also admire the owl’s ability to see in almost complete darkness. In fact, it has been determined that most owls can see better by “nightlight,” (the moon and stars) than we can in the full light of the sun. This allows them to see every detail of the woods far better than can the nocturnal mammals. Along with their downy feathers, which allows for almost silent flight; the crushing ability of their opposed pairs of powerful talons and their wide diet of insects and mammals, the owls still enjoy considerable success, despite the inroads of man into their territory.

There are close to 150 species of owls around the planet. They are described in the order Strigiformes. This order is contained two families, the Barn (Tyto sp) and the Afro-Asian (Phodilus sp). Others are simply gathered into a loose group, the Strigidae, which are themselves subdivided into several sub-families and are of more interest to the expert.

Some people regard owls, with accuracy, as cats with wings. It has the patient of Job - like the mouse-hole-watching moggie; it often forgets itself in the ecstasy of mating and dueling and rends the night with its raucous cries; and, as we have said, it is a great favorite of man like the cat who often seems to enjoy droit seigneur over many of us. (People who have pet owls have reported similar obsequiousness on their parts. Anyone who has tried to stare an owl down will know why!).

Few birds make the top ten list of stuffed toys for kiddies. One that does is the penguin, the other is the owl. Both, in one way or another, look like us. The penguin is especially beloved because it seems to behave like a mentally retarded human - or a clown. And the owl, because it’s fluffy with eyes that give it a wonderful “human” personality, and its killing equipment is so well hidden in nature beneath its pillowy exterior, it doesn‘t even need adding on the toy.. Toy manufacturers must love these two, because they have to do hardly any changing, as they do with reptiles and mammals like bears, to make the toys appealing. Imagine presenting little Johnny with a stuffed bear that looked just like a rampaging grizzly! You’d be arrested for child cruelty as the child ran screaming from Toys R Us. (Well, you find a way to reverse the “R” on a keyboard!).

Owls are a fairly ancient species, dating back nearly 60 million years, and proliferating as the age of the reptilian dominance was coming to an end. They did share the planet with some mammalian oddballs, none of which passed the test of time. Some of these were huge rhinos, the first horses the size of modern terriers and the rest. Man was not yet a gleam in the eye of its lemur-like ancestor. Plants ruled supreme as even flowers were not due to appear for millions of years in the future. The owls still had to compete with some pretty nasty birds, relics of the dinosaur age - some standing more than 7 feet tall and unable to fly. The owls must have had a hoot over these!

The first owl to appear in the fossil record as far as we can determine so far was found in Wyoming. At nearly 60 million years of age, this petrified specimen was easily recognizable as an owl. It’s just incredible how nature - evolution - exploits every possibility to create new species as soon as a niche appears. Small mammals began to succeed and along comes our owls to prey upon them. Owls, too, become prey to larger owls, even today, and to other birds of prey if the situation ever arises. Their nestlings - known musically as owlets - are subject to attack from other predatorily birds, mammals and snakes.

In India, their flesh is considered an aphrodisiac - apparently it is all too successful. Many cultures, including England, consider eating the eye of an owl helps you see in the dark, although we do cook it first. The owl has always been considered the most magical of birds, a harbinger of witchcraft, death and doom, competing for top honors with the raven. Even Shakespeare had his witches introducing owl flesh into the brew. And the bird has appeared in prose and verse for hundreds of years, perhaps the best known to Anglo children is Anon’s proverb…

“A wise old owl sat in an oak,

The more he saw, the less he spoke,

The less he spoke, the more he heard,

We should all be like that wise old bird.”

Along with many other birds of prey, owls were done a huge favor in the Bible’s Leviticus (11, 13-17). They were seen as abominations by the Hebrew peoples who were told to keep clear of them and never, above all, prepare them for the table. We’ll let the Spanish have the last word on all this nonsense: they say that as the owl was present upon Jesus’ death, it lost its once sweet song and love of the daylight and was shunned into the blackest nights and its voice reduced to “Cruz, cruz, cruz!” (Cross in Spanish). What vanity we humans have in our anthropomorphic ravings that postulate wild creatures give a fig for our silly lives. And if Jesus came 2,000 years ago, owls had been doing quite well with their peculiar calls for 60 million years previously…Bah!

With the exception of man, animals further up the food chain are less numerous than those below who they prey upon. And in our case, we can expect evolution to restore the balance very soon. We seem to have reached and passed the number of Homo sapiens the planet can comfortably sustain. As with all predators, from the lions in the Serengeti, to the barn owls in our woods, their numbers is controlled by the food supply. In a good mouse year, there are more hawks and owls. With owls, ornithologists have a handy way of checking the abundance and type of natural prey the owl is consuming year by year. Owls, by and large, consume their prey whole, then digest in leisure, the indigestible parts, used as fiber ; the bones, teeth and fur, etc., are compressed into tightly bundled pellets and regurgitated where they can be gathered and easily examined in the laboratory. As each owl coughs-up a different looking pellet, species identification is made easy, too.

It always makes be a little sad to see what has been my favorite bird by a mile dozing uneasily on a perch in some zoo. How they must suffer when the park empties; the sun goes down and the nocturnal creatures are afoot. How long the nights must be, unless they have been brain-washed into becoming diurnal. But these creatures were not taken from the wild, they were born in captivity or rescues, injured, and nursed back to health. What do they think about the parade of shifty little apes that file past their enclosures? One thing for sure, they should never feel inferior.








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    • diogenes profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from UK and Mexico

      Thanks bud., hope all is well,


    • Au fait profile image

      C E Clark 

      9 years ago from North Texas

      You reminded me of the lab I attended for my environmental science class -- during one of the sessions we students had to dissect an owl pellet and determine what it had eaten to produce it.

      Owls are amazing creatures. Good hub, RC. x

    • diogenes profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from UK and Mexico

      aviannovice: Its amazing how this two-year-old hub is still being read by hubbers.

      PS I am not following anyone at the moment as I cant keep up, but thanks for your interest in my work


    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 

      9 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      I consider this an awesome hub. Thanks for the wonderful work!

    • diogenes profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from UK and Mexico

      I love owls. I have gone to zoos and just watched them for hours. I know the verse well. Thanks for interest...Bob

    • Silva Hayes profile image

      Silva Hayes 

      10 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

      “A wise old owl sat in an oak, The more he saw, the less he spoke, The less he spoke, the more he heard, We should all be like that wise old bird.”

      My grandmother often said that to us. My most vivid and detailed dream of my life was about owls. I related it in my hub about my weirdest dreams. Once during the day I was out hiking in the woods and an owl left its tree and swooped right above my head. It was amazing! I actually felt the air stir, yet I heard no sound. I knew that tree belonged to the owl because I often observed its pellets of fur and bone among the roots.

      Lovely hub.

    • diogenes profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from UK and Mexico

      I have a 3' by 2' of a snowy owl with her owlet - bigger than her - in it's baby down on my bedroom wall. I just love owls and hate to see them in zoos and captivity. What eyes!! Thanks for comment . Bob

    • theherbivorehippi profile image


      10 years ago from Holly, MI

      the Snowy owl is my favorite! I just wrote a series of articles on owls for a client and fell madly in love with these fascinating birds. They are just breathtaking. Great information here! As soon as I get my old house on some land..I will definitely welcome owls to keep the rodents out of my garden!

    • diogenes profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from UK and Mexico

      Is that "Owl" you are writing in, Diane?

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      ang ganda po ng gawa nyo

    • diogenes profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from UK and Mexico

      Thank you all for kind comments...Bob

    • LRobbins profile image


      11 years ago from Germany

      Beautiful hub! I also have mixed feelings about owls in zoos. I used to work with short eared owls at a zoo and they were never very happy to be leashed and paraded around the zoo, but it was amazing to see how excited people were to see an owl.

    • Austinstar profile image


      11 years ago from Somewhere near the heart of Texas

      In misty moonlight,

      The forest sleeps in silver.

      The grey owl takes flight.

      Owls are really cool creatures. I learned some new things about them today. Thank you for this hub, diogenes.

    • IsadoraPandora profile image


      11 years ago from Tennessee

      Love this Hub! Thanks for taking the time to write it. :-) One of my favorite Hubs and all time favorite animals. :-)

    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 

      11 years ago from London, UK

      A wonderful hub in every way with good information and thoughful words. Thank you so much for giving me that pleasure to read.


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