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Perineal Urethrostomy in Cats with FLUTD

Updated on October 22, 2020
melbel profile image

Melanie has a BS in physical science and is in grad school for analytics and modeling. Her research is in computational chemistry.

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (or FLUTD for short) is a serious condition that is on the rise. It is especially prevalent in obese, neutered male cats.

There is an increase in the number of cases of FLUTD, but the reasons for this is unknown. However, there may be a link to ingredients found in commercial cat food. Urinary problems in both cats and dogs need to be treated immediately as it is hazardous, especially if there is a blockage or bleeding. Cats that show signs of a urinary tract infection need to be taken to the vet immediately.

If a male cat has a history of urinary problems, a perineal urethrostomy (surgical removal of the urethra) may need to be performed to treat the condition. In Chip's case, the surgery was required to save his life.

Chip | Source

Chip's First Urinary Tract Infection

Chip, my male cat, was one year old when he had his first urinary tract infection. I was in the shower when I heard him screaming and found him in the litter box trying to go to the bathroom. I thought maybe he'd eaten something and it was hurting his stomach. When I took him to the vet, the veterinarian said he probably had an infection and that I watch for when he urinates and save a sample to bring in.

Later that night, Chip still hadn't urinated, and he was still distressed. I took him to the emergency pet clinic. They immediately found that Chip had a blockage due to struvite crystals. They said that his urethra was very small, so catheterizing may not be possible. Luckily, they were able to catheterize him and drain and flush his bladder. They then put him on an anti-biotic and Chip was to eat special food from then on: Hills Prescription CD.

Chip as a kitten, before I adopted him. He still has giant ears.
Chip as a kitten, before I adopted him. He still has giant ears. | Source
Chip just hangin' out.
Chip just hangin' out. | Source

Another Urinary Blockage

After the first infection, I had changed Chip's regular veterinarian as she had missed his blockage. The next time Chip had an infection, he'd had the same symptoms as the first, he couldn't pass any urine and was in pain.

When I took him to the vet, I'd thought they'd catheterize him like last time. However, because of the small size of his urethra and the nature of this new blockage, he could not be catheterized. This time they injected his bladder with a needle, pulling urine out through the syringe and flushing his bladder.

The vet said that to help Chip, a Perineal Urethrostomy would be needed. The veterinarian said that she did not feel qualified to perform this surgery as she'd not had much success and that I should have Purdue University do the operation. She also told me that it would be costly, but that Purdue could do the surgery within the next few days and that I could take Chip down to West Lafayette the next day. We agreed that this would be the best course.

Chip plays hard, but sleeps even harder.
Chip plays hard, but sleeps even harder. | Source
A picture my sister colored - Chip (on the left) and his sister Nilla.
A picture my sister colored - Chip (on the left) and his sister Nilla. | Source

Chip's Perineal Urethrostomy

The day after Chip's second urinary blockage, I picked him up from the vet and took him to Purdue University. He already had an IV in, and his leg was wrapped in a bright pink elastic bandaging to keep the IV in place. He meowed the whole trip down. Once there, they said that depending on Chip's condition they may not perform the surgery that day. In the examination room, Chip seemed tense but curious about the room he was in, so he seemed okay. The vet examined him and said he would call me later about when they would perform the surgery to remove Chip's urethra.

On the road home I got a call saying that they had already started the surgery as Chip needed it immediately. I was very nervous, but later the same evening they called and said it was successful. Over the course of the next few days, they would call each morning giving me an update on Chip's condition, and I was happy to hear he was doing better. I picked him up a few days after his surgery. He was wearing a cone, but was happy to be home and seemed much more comfortable.

Chip's new water dish has made drinking water an easy-to-understand process. It also keeps his water clean and fresh.
Chip's new water dish has made drinking water an easy-to-understand process. It also keeps his water clean and fresh. | Source

Perineal Urethrostomy Aftercare

Chip was put in a separate room, which I slept in, away from his sister, Nilla, who had rejected him (she attacked him, a common thing for cats to do to other cats that are sick.) Moving Chip to a private room also served as a great way to prevent him from jumping and being overly active while recuperating.

Several times each day, Chip received liquid medicine through a syringe (as he would refuse pills.) He also received canned food to keep him urinating. Chip had always had problems drinking water -- the whole concept of water had always been confusing to him (he was a bit dumb, but a lovable cat.) Because of this, he always has to eat canned or ground up food.

After a week, Chip got to have to cone removed, and over time he healed up and had been doing well since. About once each year, Chip will get a urinary tract infection, but treatment for his is much easier as he now has a wide, short urethra. On these days he gets a supplement as well as extra water in his food, and then he's fine.

© 2011 Melanie Shebel


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    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Thank you! My cat had the first FLUTD last week. And his brother (my other cat) is rejecting him. I was so afraid that it will happen forever but what you said makes sense: cats attack the weaker ones (they have territorial behavior). I hope that what happen to your Chip and Nilla happens with my two cats.

    • Simone Smith profile image

      Simone Haruko Smith 

      9 years ago from San Francisco

      Aw, poor Chip! He's lucky to have you as such a caring owner. Great guide- I had no idea this was such a prevalent issue in cats. Voted up, useful, and awesome!

    • Joy56 profile image


      9 years ago

      i so loved this hub, the photos are lovely, and the cat looks almost human cheers.


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