What Pesticides Do To Reduce Mosquito and How West Nile Virus Affects Bee Populations
“Propolis turns on immunity genes – it’s not just an antimicrobial caulk or glue. It may be medicinal, and in fact, people use it medicinally, too,"
- Do not feed bees corn syrup.
- In Kenya people cut down acacia trees to make charcoal, which contributes to deforestation. To conserve the trees, Kathy Mbondo founded Proactive Merit and came up with the "every acacia for a hive" project that encourages farmers to put hives on acacia trees instead of cutting them down. This was a win-win financially for the people of Makueni County, Kenya.
Cutting down each acacia tree and converting them to charcoal, makes a maximum of four bags, which brings 1,000 [shillings, $10]. When you put a single bee hive on the same acacia tree, harvesting 20 kilograms [44 lbs.] of honey each year brings increased profit. Each kilogram of honey sold to Proactive Merit goes for 250 shillings, which translates to 5,000 shillings ($50) per year.
More than 75% of All Honey Sold in Grocery Stores contains NO Honey at All
Seattle-Tacoma Airport is home to many kinds of flights, but we’re not just talking about Boeing 777s. The large tracts of empty land on the site are now home to a half a million honeybees, part of a project intended to improve the health of the region's pollinators.
The Potential To Heal
- The Potential To Heal: A new study led by Illinois professor of entomology May Berenbaum shows that some components of the nectar and pollen grains bees collect to manufacture food increase expression of detoxification genes that help keep honey bees healthy.
University of Illinois entomologist, May Berenbaum, says that many organisms use a group of enzymes called cytochrome P450 monooxygenases to break down foreign substances such as pesticides and compounds naturally found in plants, known as phytochemicals. However, honey bees have relatively few genes dedicated to this detoxification process compared to other insect species. Bees gather nectar from hundreds of varieties of flowers and cannot process all of the insecticides and pesticides we have put in the environment.
- As the founder of Bees Without Borders, Andrew Coté (Andrew’s Honey) travels the world teaching beekeeping as a way to help alleviate poverty in underserved communities. Whether it’s helping beekeepers learn how to increase honey production or teaching people the trade, Mr. Coté only goes where invited. “Bees Without Borders combines the four things I love: philanthropy, education, travel, and beekeeping.”
- Seattle-Tacoma Airport is home to many kinds of flights, but we’re not just talking about Boeing 777s. The large tracts of empty land on the site are now home to a half a million honeybees, part of a project intended to improve the health of the region's pollinators.
West Nile Virus Hits America
Dallas, Texas | Pesticide sprays will affect all sensitive living organisms, including insects, bees, pets, and humans. What happens to children allergic to these petroleum based pesticides sprayed into the atmosphere that can blow into unintended areas and damage to organic gardens?
Huffington Post | Find an extensive report with information about the chemical, location and history of sprays. Many concerned about the chemicals also realize that people have died from the spread of West Nile Virus. You will find a number of video news reports, too.
Officials concern for both the present population health, plus the long term chronic health effects means that environmentally safe means to reduce this disease must be developed.
Progressive has suggested an environmentally and ecologically sound solution. "For a minimal cost, the city could erect a number of bat boxes. A single bat will eat up to 10,000 mosquitoes per night, and multiple bats live in a single bat box. The bats pose no danger to pets, wildlife, pollinators, etc. I've seen bats housing in bat boxes north of the affected neighborhoods, so I know that the bats will come."
Examiner Report | May 19, 2013 Researchers are training honeybees to find unexploded land mines in Croatia and the Balkans using their fine sense of smell by connecting sugar to TNT.
Croatian officials estimate that since the beginning of the Balkan wars in 1991, about 2,500 people have died from land mine explosions. During the four-year war, around 90,000 land mines were placed across the entire country, mostly at random and without any plan or existing maps.
Using a Pavlovian technique the bees identify their sweetened sugar dotted with trace particles of TNT and then can buzz straight to the hidden land mines.
Years of Calling The Wild Honey Bee Song
This article, originally written August of 2010, highlighted the devastating effects of pesticides in our environment to sensitive organisms. Many of these natural insects perform a key function to the cycle of life and food production for the planet.
Cry of the Wild Honey Bee That Pollinates Clover, Fruit Trees, and Flowers
Fast forward to April 2012 and we cannot miss reading a news article about the fragile honey bee population. The screams from dying colonies, organic gardeners, bee farmers and bee lovers may be heard faintly across the industrial complex that sells and markets chemicals. So many have lost their livelihoods, their beloved bee hives, the sweet honey that drips from combs, and the wax used to make favored specialty candles and seal canning jars.
Neonicotinoid Pesticides Derived From Tobacco
Recent studies site the neonicotinoid pesticides in the case of bee colony death. The application of 143 million acres across the United States alone tell the story of how the chemical corporations fear the loss of a staple income and profit from sales of this pesticide. Have we learned from the past that tobacco causes cancer? Can we see any link to increases in cancer in our society and permeating these chemicals across the food chain?
Taking Action Against In The Media
We will surely see class action suits to recoup the loss to farmers and land owners; and what about the harm to neighborhoods and individuals from aerial spray which causes health effects? Bayer and the other corporations, who make a living selling us 'aspirin' and many other drugs, have ways of twisting the truth and sending a positive message about their chemicals that infiltrate our environment. Have you noticed the recent studies claiming the benefits of taking aspirin every day to prevent cancer and heart disease? I wondering who funded these studies and if there could be a conflict of interest involved?
Only You and I Can Make A Difference
I leave it up to the people who have educated themselves and know how to contact their congressional representatives to write and call about their concern. I leave it up to the millions of bloggers to write a Hubpage, an article, a letter to the editor, a note to their neighbors, a notice to their local governing bodies. We must band together and tell the story of the bees. Show movies in the schools and unite to let the EPA we won't let this pass without a fight. We will be fighting for the survival of the bees, who provide our daily bread.
Plant and Seed Diversity Is Key
- Plant and seed diversity is key to survival of our planet. If we allow the big pharma industry to rule over us and force the use of sterile seeds in every country we will lose our ability to fight disease. If we allow the mass media messages to hamper our belief in mother nature's ability to provide the necessities of wholesome foods and natural immunity, again we will lose our diversity and ability to grow.
Honeybees Entomb Hives to Protect Against Pesticides
SIGNALING THEIR OWN DEMISE | Bees unusual behavior the past two years to seal off their collected propolis, collected pollen, in separate wax-lined cells appears to have a survival mechanism. They leave open feeding cells that are not as heavily laden with pesticides to feed their young.
This behavior indicates the worker bees can sense the amount of pesticides from the plants the collector bees have not detected. What can we learn from them? Our body also seals and encapsulates cancer cells as tumors in our body, and trees do the same by forming galls. Walling off unhealthy, disordered and sickened parts of the body.
Our world has been tainted. Can we use this technique with other damaged areas, like oil spills and radiation leaks? Will this help preserve the cleaner and healthier parts of our world?
We Must Save The Bees
Organic Pesticide Free Honey
Chemical, antiobiotic and pesticide free Wedderspoon Organic brand famous in North America due to their outstanding quality and consistency contains the OMA Mark. Hives are made from environmentally friendly material. Area of forage is 5km from intensive farming.
For The Love of Bees
How many of us are aware of what is happening in our own community?
Good Intentions That Have Questionable Outcomes
In just about every state and all regions that contain mosquito populations, our local and state governments are instituting pesticide spraying policies. In an attempt to keep insects at low levels, they are putting many other living populations at risk. Most of you have heard of chemtrails, which cause allergic reactions in humans, but have you thought how it would affect all other wild animals and the balance of nature?
Saving The Bees
This hub brings to your attention the importance of saving the bees, because we depend upon them. We must take a lesson from all the clues in our environment that tell us something is not right in our world. Natural events presently warn of what is to come. We must make better decisions and contact our legislators requesting them to make ethical choices. As I read this list of adverse effects from pesticide sprays I am reminded the the Gulf of Mexico oil spill toxins that have poured into our oceans, waterways, marshes and the gaseous fumes now in our atmosphere which rain down harsh hydrocarbon poisons that people breath.
Cell Phones and The Bee Population
Research Indicates that honey bee populations are affected by cell phones.
Honeybees are essential partners for the success of agriculture. The economical role of honeybees in worldwide pollination has been valued to be around 153 billion euros in the year 2005 (Gallai et al. 2009). Bee losses have been recorded for more than a century (Hart 1893; Aikin 1897; Beuhne 1910; Wilson and Menapace 1979). Scientists suspect many factors to be responsible for the killing of the bees, of which the varroa mite, pesticides, viruses, farming practices, monoculture, hygiene in the hive, and climatic factors are the most widely cited possibilities. Starting in 2003–2004, bee colonies worldwide suddenly began to show symptoms of the so-called colony collapse disorder (CCD). CCD initially affects the worker bees, which desert the hive. The queen bee is usually abandoned in the hive with the young brood and with an abundance of honey, so that the colony can survive for a very short time. However, without the worker bee population, the colony becomes unsustainable and dies out. Never before have honeybees disappeared globally and at such a high rate.
October 2011 Colony Collapse Report Gone Viral
I've noticed that the MailOnline report from a Florida Bee Keeper who lost $150,000 worth of bees in one fell swoop has gone viral across the internet. They say no disease caused the loss of 12 MILLION bees. They suspect local pesticide sprays.
Raw, Unheated, Unfiltered, Unpasteurized
What is the major difference in organic from conventional beekeeping?
None of the typical methods such as: Terramycin for treating foulbrood disease, Apistan for Verroa mites, GardStar for treating small hive beetles, nor Bee Go to chase bees instead of using a smoker have been used to produce the organic bee colonies.
Specially placed hives to produce truly organic honey
Beehives nurtured in isolated areas away from any type of contamination (golf courses, agricultural areas, heavy traffic areas, landfills) with the knowledge of bee flight range, which assures their natural instinct to stay within approximately a two mile range from their hive location.
What makes your honey crystallize solid?
The nutrient level, crystallization, color, fragrance and taste of honey is based upon the plant and flower types that bees gather the nectar. Y.S. beekeepers produce superior, energy packed (intense crystallization) honey with the highest possible levels of live enzymes, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and healing agents as a functional food. Only truly raw state honey that has never been processed will crystallize with intensity and has full beneficial properties nature intended.
Excellent Michael Lynberg Interview - Watch it Below !
We are a Democracy
Listen to the fact-filled 20-minute documentary video of Michael Lynberg, author of a 'Review of 643 Documented Complaints of Adverse Reactions Following the California Dept. of Food & Agriculture's (CDFA's) Aerial Spraying of two Pesticides based on Pheromones over Densely Populated Neighborhoods in Santa Cruz and Monterey Counties in September, October and November 2007' to realize exactly what can happen.
A democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives; control of a group by the majority of it members; and the practice and principles of equality. A country where there is freedom of speech is essential to democracy in a representative elective government which may also be called 'a republic.'
We are a Republic
A republic is a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch. To tell you the truth, I often question that America is a republic. Over the last decade or so, we seem to have lost the balance of power, through the passage of bills that have self served those in power at the top. This hub is not about the political structure of America and these are side comments related to a comment given.
The three main questions that he asks are:
- Is it safe?
- Is it necessary?
- Will it be effective?
Human Effects from Pesticide Spraying
'Citizens complained of a variety of adverse reactions immediately and soon after the aerial spraying, including:
- Asthma attacks
- Bronchial irritation
- Lung congestion and soreness
- Difficulty breathing and shortness of breath
- Coughing or "wheezing"
- Skin rashes (sometimes severe)
- Vision blurred
- Eye irritation
- Sore throats
- Nasal congestion
- Sinus bleeding
- Chest pains and tightness
- Heart arrhythmia and tachycardia (irregular and rapid heartbeat)
- Headaches (sometimes debilitating)
- An inability to concentrate and focus
- Muscle aches
- Body tremors
- Intestinal pain and diarrhea
- Swollen glands and lymph nodes in neck and under arms
- Feelings of lethargy and malaise
- Menstrual cramping, an interruption to menstrual cycles, and in some cases a re-commencement of menstrual cycles after menopause....'
POB 1612, Pebble Beach, CA 94953POB 1612, Pebble Beach, CA 94953
Spraying All Across This Country USA
Check To See If They Are Spraying In Your Country
Mosquito spraying is probably happening in your neighborhood. Recent news of spraying in Grand Forks sent shivers and red flags up for the local bee keepers.
The insecticide used for the aerial spray is primarily used to control adult mosquitoes and black fly populations. Beekeepers are advised to cover their hives as this product can be toxic to bees. A news article tells people to call mosquito control at 701-787-8110.
Our Goal and Highest Good
The hot days of August with high humidity is prime season to breed mosquitoes and spread West Nile Virus. This is a deadly disease and we must find safe ways to lower insect populations without creating an imbalance in the environment or causing allergic reactions from spraying pesticides. With today's research and technology and simple steps we can educate towns-people to live pest free.
About Aerial Spraying and Pesticide Effects
Cities like Grand Forks, employs the US Air Force to drop pesticides on the city. The city buys the pesticide [The Trumpet ] and the Air Force sprays as a training mission at no cost to the city. Trumpet is toxic to fish, birds and other wildlife. May be fatal if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed through eye or skin. May produce acute cholinesterase depression. May cause corrosive destruction of the skin, mucous membranes and the eyes. Signs of acute over exposure include: Acute cholinesterase depression may be evidenced by headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, excessive sweating, salivation and tearing, constricted pupils, blurred vision, tightness in chest, weakness, muscle twitching and confusion; in extreme cases, unconsciousness, convulsions, severe respiratory depression and death may occur. This product is expected to be corrosive to the eyes. The degree of injury will depend on the amount and duration of the contact and the speed and thoroughness of the first aid treatment. Expected adverse health effects resulting from direct exposure to the eye may include pain, tears, swelling, redness. There is much more in the PDF safety sheet. You can imagine how 'sensitive' people might react to such sprays.
Trumpet Pesticide Labeling
The Oregon West Nile Virus Working Group indicates that Trumpet can be applied by conventional ground based ULV applications, however it is best suited as an aerial applied adulticide. This product does not have setback restrictions to water, is labeled on over 25 crops and has a .5 ppm tolerance as established by the EPA for all crops. Naled shows little persistence in soil or water. This product is highly toxic to fish, bees and many aquatic invertebrates. Do we really know what we are doing to our homes and gardens? Is it safe to use these chemicals, which are similar to agent orange?
The company's instruction for handling offers these guidelines:
This product is highly toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment on blooming crops or weeds. To minimize hazard to bees, it is recommended that the product is not applied more than two hours after sunrise or two hours before sunset, limiting application to times when bees are least active. Do not apply this product or allow it to drift to blooming crops or weeds while bees are visiting the treatment area, except when applications are made to prevent or control a threat to public and/or animal health determined by a state, tribal or local health or vector control agency on the basis of documented evidence of disease causing agents in vector mosquitoes or the occurrence of mosquito-borne disease in animal or human populations, or if specifically approved by the state or the tribe during a natural disaster recovery effort.
ADHERENCE TO GUIDELINE SUGGESTIONS
Although towns comply with time of day spraying bee experts say aerial spraying will kill bees because on particularly warm nights, they stay outside the hive to better ventilate the brood.
Grand Forks, N.D. uses permethrin -- a biological adulticide that is safer for workers than the malathion Winnipeg uses. If you read this fact sheet, would you approve use of the neurotoxin near your home?
The insecticide permethrin (in the synthetic pyrethroid family) is widely used on cotton, wheat, corn, alfalfa, and other crops. In addition, over 100 million applications are made annually in and around U.S. homes.
Permethrin, like all synthetic pyrethroids, is a neurotoxin. Symptoms include tremors, incoordination, elevated body temperature, increased aggressive behavior, and disruption of learning. Laboratory tests suggest that permethrin is more acutely toxic to children than to adults.
Environmental Protection Agency
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has classified permethrin as a carcinogen because it causes lung tumors in female mice and liver tumors in mice of both sexes. Permethrin inhibits the activity of the immune system in laboratory tests, and also binds to the receptors for a male sex hormone. It causes chromosome aberrations in human and hamster cells.
Permethrin is toxic to honey bees and other beneficial insects, fish, aquatic insects, crayfish, and shrimp. For many species, concentrations of less than one part per billion are lethal. Permethrin causes deformities and other developmental problems in tadpoles, and reduces the number of oxygen-carrying cells in the blood of birds.
Permethrin has been found in streams and rivers throughout the United States. It is also routinely found on produce, particularly spinach, tomatoes, celery, lettuce, and peaches.
A wide variety of insects have developed resistance to permethrin. High levels of resistance have been documented in cockroaches, head lice, and tobacco budworm. By Caroline Cox, JPR’s editor.
Name Calling | Green Freaks
You won't believe that some people overlook the dangers and start name calling. They say Winnipeggers are in favour of spraying. It's time to stand up to the small minority of green freaks who've controlled this issue too long. We want fogging. Summer in this city is too short, and winter too long, not to have it. What are these people thinking?
MORE NATURAL APPROACH
Minnesota has a different approach. It uses helicopters to drop a natural soil bacterium to control mosquito larva. It does not spray pesticides by air. To the extent it uses pesticides, the mosquito control district in the metro keeps a record of the location of bee hives, according to Mike McLean, the district's public information officer.
C-130 Pesticide Spraying in Michigan
Natural Solutions For Gardens Pests, Insects and Fungus
Julie-Ann Amos Hubpages about organic pesticides to keep your home garden free of pests. How to remove slugs and snails using a salt line. Clean up the ground area. The old beer technique and preparing raised beds. Using old fashioned baking soda and dish detergent to spray on aphids and smoking out wasps. Spray on dish-soap and oil over those creepy mealybugs and many other great ideas.
All Time Guy shows a horrifying image of baby without arms or legs due to effects of pesticide exposure. That's one wake up call! He recommends the use of pheromones and microbial pesticides, insect breeding and genetic engineering. I personally wouldn't touch GE because that changes the entire environment and also can effect humans in ways we won't know for decades into the future.
The bed bug guru tells how to care for the indoor insects that have become epidemic across the country. He warns us not to use every type of pesticide as we don't know their interactive effects. Cleaning the area and removing mattresses and infested furniture may be a good start. The use of sticky material to catch these critters may help. It's probably wise to find an expert who may use a whole house heat treatment that would not affect the environment with chemicals.
Be wise, keep an organic garden so that you don't ingest synthetic chemicals, toxins and poisons that may be on our foods. Use boric acid, neem oil and pyrethrin from chrysanthemum flowers. My husband, the environmental scientist, also likes to teach his students about rotenone which comes from the jicama vine and bacillus thuringiensis. Many homeopaths recommend the use of sabadilla homeopathically for fleas and insect bites, and gardening. Many people use kitchen cabinet spices and herbs to protect our gardens.
The friendly worm composting fan tells us to make our own preparation of garlic spray. Everyone knows the benefits of eating garlic as an antibacterial agent when we have a cold or infection. Did you know that a concoction of garlic, mineral oil and fish emulsion would be perfect for your garden to protect from mosquitoes, flies and aphids? Many home crafted soap preparations will also stick to plant leaves to protect them. Don't forget to get your composting started and breed worms to aerate the soil.
Chemicals taste yucky and why would you want them on your natural garden plants, fruits and veggies? Branded pesticides cost too much both economically and environmentally. Reach for the garlic, pepper and onion mixed with dish soap. These applications are just as effective on your roses, azaleas and vegetables as brand name items. Sounds like we're getting ready to make salad dressing! There are even mixtures to fight slugs, Japanese beetles, white flies, cabbage worms, mites and caterpillars.
Lisa Williams teaches us about companion planting, a truly natural and environmentally friendly way to plan your garden. Learn what plants can improve the growth in a symbiotic relationship. She has terrific suggestions for getting rid of slugs using eggshells and copper sheeting. Her simple and effective use of safe methods, like netting your plants, will end in a bountiful harvest.
Control your garden pests using all natural products. My friend told me today she opened her compost bin and a plague of fruit flies swarmed out all around her. I will have to direct her to all these great Hubpages articles and perhaps some garlic water will tone down those flies! In the meantime, using companion plants that enhance the beauty of your garden, like lavender and marigolds will prove beneficial, too. And don't forget the vinegar, pepper tea and orange peel spray to dampen the fungus and bugs.
Doodle Bugs makes me think, "Have you ever been stung by a wasp, or had them buzzing around during your picnic? Doodle bugs says be kind to bees and wasps, they play a vital part in the natural landscape. Leave them alone, and they'll leave you alone. I guess he wouldn't like to hear that I take a stick and smash their homes when they build them around my window frames and in the corners of my eaves. I'm surprised to learn that simple dish detergent application will get rid of these pests. Many comments have included the use of vinegar and spraying at night when wasps are sleeping and not active. Farmer Steve says to duct tape a shop vacuum hose to a 14 foot pipe and use the suction action to remove their homes. And Jan teaches us that wasps are territorial in nature. If you put up a 'false' nest then others won't try to invade that area. Thanks, Jan!
Dig Deeper and find out how pesticides effect global warming and the environment.
Have you ever seen a mosquito suck your blood up close?
Not A Pretty Sight
I know it looks scary and we swat that mosquito when they bite, but we must find safer ways to control this insect. In third world countries the most efficient, cost effective way to prevent the spread of malaria is through netting.
There are plenty of hub links above to surf and find the best herbal cocktail to mix up and lather on your skin. Wear long sleeves and pants, although I know they also get through your clothes sometimes.
News About Bees
Gizmos says they have found the answer to Bee Collapse Military scientists and entomologists decide bee collapse is due to a combination of a fungus and a virus.
What does Katherine Eban say in her editorial about Bee Collapse? Follow the money trail. What was the relationship between the study's lead author, Montana bee researcher Dr. Jerry Bromenshenk, and Bayer Crop Science?
Discovery News Searches for Mosquito Repellents
Was this Hubpages Educational?
Did you learn something that you will apply in your life?
Bee Music is Delicous
Hope for the Future
POLL | I have provided a short survey for those who read this Hubpages all the way to the end. I hope this provided educational material that you can use in your life today. Whether you have become aware of the pesticide issues that affect our planet, garnished some new safe gardening techniques, or have decided to take action on the local, state or national level. I would love to hear what you will do this year. Vote on the poll and leave a report in the comment section.
A collection of articles about the state of bees and notes from an expert agro-homeopath. Plus, many wonderful enlightening and entertaining videos.
Hope For The Future
Lets see some progress in the area of safe 'bug-off' applications. This one looks promising. I just wonder what is in those synthetics and if applied on the skin if there are any harmful effects. I would also like to hear whether you feel hopeful about containing the pesticide issue in the world.
To conclude this news article, I have provided an ingenious musical interlude of melodies made solely by the sounds of bees. Enjoy!
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