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Japanese Quail: A Brief History
Japanese Quail: History Of Domestication
Japanese Quails (Coturnix Quail) are from pheasant family and are migratory birds which migrates between Asia and Europe. The region of origin of these birds is believed to be southeast Asia. Back in history, the reference to quails can be traced back in the old testament of the bible. It is also said that the Egyptians caught the quails on a large number from their farmland for meat. But there are no records of quails being bred in captivity by the Egyptians or the Europeans. But there are no records of these birds being domesticated before 12th century.
In China these birds were raised as pets. They were also kept as singing birds. In the late eleventh century, quail was brought to Japan from China. The first written record on the domestication of quails in Japan can be dated back to twelfth century. It is also believed that a Japanese Emperor got cured from tuberculosis after eating quail meat. Afterwards, the Japanese people started raising quail extensively for meat and egg. By the mid twentieth century, the population of quail in Japan increased extensively. Since these wild birds were tamed and bred in captivity by the Japanese people, they are also known as Japanese quail. From Japan these birds were taken to all over south east Asia as well as central Asia.
Japanese Quails In India
In India the scientific research on Japanese Quails began in 1974 at the Indian Veterinary Research Institute. This research was taken further by the Central Avian Research Institute, using the genetic samples obtained from America. As a result of constant research different quail varieties were developed for both meat and egg. Afterwards veterinary colleges as well as animal husbandry departments played a vital role in the promotion of quail breeding as a farm enterprise.