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Rights of Animals in Islam - What Islam says about Sale Purchase of Pets, Dogs and Birds?
Brief of the rights vested under Islam to the animals are as under
Brief of the rights vested under Islam to the animals are as under:-
1. Love of Allah to All Creatures:-
The Prophet Muhammad said, “God’s kindness towards His creature is more than a mother’s towards her babe”. This saying of the Holy Prophet shows that there is no distinction in kindness of God, which is equal to all creatures whether it is human being, a beast, a pet or plant etc.
2. All Creatures are Family of God
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “The creature is a God’s family; for its sustenance is from Him; therefore, the most beloved unto God is the person who do good to God’s family.
3. Fear God in treating dumb animals:
The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said, “Fear God, in treating dumb animals and ride them when they are fit to be ridden and get off them when they are tired.”
Caring for handicapped animals
Islamic Teachings for Mercy towards Animals
Mercy towards animals could help you to get closer to God. Allah's Apostle narrated the following story, "An adulteress passed by a dog at a well; and the dog was holding out his tongue from thirst. The dog was about to die. The adulteress feel mercy for the dog drew off her boot, tied it to the end of her garment, and drew water for the dog. She gave the water to the dog to drink. Though she was adulteress but was forgiven for that act. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Kindness is a mark of faith and whoever has no kindness has no faith.”
In another Hadith it is narrated that:-
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "While a man was walking he felt thirsty and went down a well and drank water from it. On coming out of it, he saw a dog panting and eating mud because of excessive thirst. The man said, 'This (dog) is suffering from the same problem as that of mine. So he (went down the well), filled his shoe with water, caught hold of it with his teeth and climbed up and watered the dog. Allah thanked him for his (good) deed and forgave him." The people asked, "O Allah's Apostle! Is there a reward for us in serving (the) animals?" He replied, "Yes, there is a reward for serving any animate."(Volume 3, Book 40, Number 551)
In another Hath the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)said, “There is no Muslim who plant a tree, or sow a field, and birds or beasts eat from them, but is charity for him.
Treating Pet Animals
Responsibility for the persons who keep pet birs
5. Care towards one’s pets:-
Allah's Apostle said, "A woman was tortured and was put in Hell because of a cat which she had kept locked till it died of hunger." Allah's Apostle further said, (Allah knows better) Allah said (to the woman), 'You neither fed it nor watered when you locked it up, nor did you set it free to eat the insects of the earth."
Reward for the people who Fed hungry and thirsty animals
Promise of Paradise by Almighty For those who Fed hungry and thirsty animals:
It is narrated in Ahadith books that:
Somebody asked, “Are there rewards for our doing good to quadrupeds, and giving them water to drink?” The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Verily there are heavenly rewards for any act of kindness to a live animal.
Feeding Hungry Animals
Right of Life For Animals
In the Quran it is explicitly stated that animal life stands on the same footing as human life in the sight of God. However, it is to be noted that all creatures e.g., moon, sun, earth, air and animals are created for the benefits of the human being. Therefore, though Muslims have to respect for animals, there is no room for worshiping the animals, like Hindus who consider the Caw as their god and call it their mother caw. However, animals like snakes, scorpion and rats etc. are to be killed if the human life is in danger. Similarly, eating halal meat is allowable and there is nothing wrong to slaughter animals like cow, goat or chicken. However, it is important to mention that Islam provides the most effective and less painful way for slaughtering such eatable animals. The objective behind it is that human is the best creature and according to the one of the verse of Quran the whole universe is created for the service of human being. Human being is the centre of the universe according to the teaching of Islam. So a human being can eat meat to fulfill its needs of protein. But harming or torturing any of the animal is a great sin and a person who did such torture has to pay for this sin.
Right of life for animals
Rights of Beasts and other deadly animals in Islam
Islam forbids its followers unnecessary killing of beasts. However, when they are in a position to endanger the life of a human being, killing them is considered a praiseworthy act. In Islam prime importance is given to the life of human being. For example, killing of a snack is a pious act in the sight of Allah.
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says, “Doing justice between two people is charity; and assisting a man upon his beast, and lifting his baggage, is charity; and pure words in which be rewards; and answering a questioner with mildness, is charity, and removing that which is an inconvenience to man, such as thrones and stones, is charity.
Protection as to labor beyond the ability of the animals in Islam
A camel came before the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Upon this, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) called for the owner of the camel and said, “Your camel is complaining that you put your camel under excess burden and do not feed him properly”. The said Arab promised to refrain from such acts.
It is learnt that in the period of Kilaphah Hazrat Umer Bin Abdul Aziz there were laws for the people that they could not overburden their horses and other animals used for cargo. A limit of weight was defined which the owner could not violate while using his animal for cargo.
Forbidden to separate youngsters from their mother/parents
A man came before the Rasul (PBUH) with a carpet and said, “O Rasul! I passed through a wood, and heard the voices of the young of birds; and I took and put them into my carpet; and their mother came fluttering round my head, and I uncovered the young, and the mother fell down upon them, then I wrapped them up in my carpet; and there are the young which I have. Then the Rasul said, “Put them down.” And when he did so, their mother joined them and Muhammad said, “Do you wonder at the affection of the mother towards her young? I swear by Him who has sent me, verily God is more loving to His creatures than the mother to these young birds. Return them to the place from where you took them, and let their mother be with them.
Protection as to Torture in Islam for Animals and Birds
Some of the animal species are food of human being. Though slaughter of these animal species is permissible, it is urged to treat the methods which are least painful to slaughter those animals.
12. Animals should be used for which they are made by Almighty:-
The Prophet said, "While a man was riding a cow, it turned towards him and said, 'I have not been created for this purpose (i.e. carrying), I have been created for sloughing."
13. Which Animal is allowable to be kept as a pet in Islam:-
Though dog of Ashab-e-Kahf is mentioned in Quran, they are not allowed to be kept at homes as pets. Sale/purchase of dogs is also prohibited by the Holy Prophet (PBUH). However, it is allowable to keep the dogs for guarding a home, farm, cattle or for hunting. Cats are allowed to be kept as pets, as one of the companions of Prophet (PBUH) Hazrat Abu Huraira (RA) used to keep cats.
14. Mal-treating the Animals is prohibited in Islam:-
It is not allowable in Islam to beat the dumb animals. They should be given due regard. As mentioned in the Hadith at para-3 it is prohibited to overburden the animals and they should not be compelled to work over and above their capabilities.
15. Hunting in Islam:-
Hunting is allowable in Islam but it is not permissible as hobby or leisure pursuit. It is allowable to keep dogs for hunting.