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- Reptiles & Amphibians
The Fascinating Turtles
Turtles are amazing creatures. Some are very small and will fit in the palm of your hand. There are other turtles that are huge and will weigh several hundred pounds. Some turtles live in the ocean and others live in fresh water. In many areas of the world turtles are caught and used for food. Many people keep turtles as pets. Turtle ponds are also very popular in some areas.
You will find the Green Turtle living where ever they can find tropical or cool water.
The Green Turtle will live out in the ocean. They will come on shore to the sandy beaches where they will dig holes in which to lay their eggs.
The Green Turtle is 80 to 100cm long and weighs 70 to 230kg. The Green Turtle is not green as their name suggests. Their fat is green.
The Green Turtle does not eat meat like most turtles They prefer to eat seaweed. The Baby Green Turtles will, however eat crabs and jellyfish.
The Green Turtles numbers are dropping all over the world There are many caught for food. Their eggs are also taken. They are losing some of their sandy beaches, so they have fewer places to lay their eggs. They are now endangered.
The snake-necked turtle is found in Australia and Queensland. They like to live in freshwater streams, swamps and pools.
The snake-necked turtle is 10 inches long with a 6 inch long neck. The snake-necked turtle has a brown head, neck and legs. Their belly is yellow, and they have cream colored legs. They are capable of changing their color, so they blend in with their surroundings.
They like to eat aquatic animals that are small.
The female will lay 6 to 24 eggs. The babies are black or dark gray when they hatch. Their shell will have orange spots on it.
The snake-necked turtle is not considered threatened at this time.
Turtles are usually very peaceful creatures that mind their own business. The snapping turtle is the exception.
The snapping turtles scientific name is Rachelle Serpentine.
The snapping turtle is usually 8 to 18 inches long. Snapping turtle's feet are webbed, and their tails are long compared to most turtles. They are usually a dark color. Their jaws are hooked and very powerful.
When snapping turtles are on land, they are very aggressive. When they are in the water, they usually keep to themselves.
The snapping turtle will look for food underwater during the day. They eat seaweed, fish eggs, tadpoles, insects, leeches, snails, worms, baby ducks. Dead animals and baby mammals. They usually stay on the surface at night.
When snapping turtles are underwater, they will bury themselves, and only their nose and eyes will be visible. This is why they often surprise their prey.
The snapping turtle's shell does not cover part of their underside, so this is a vulnerable spot.
You will usually find snapping turtles in America and Canada. They will live in muddy areas that have aquatic plants for them to hide in.
Snapping turtles will live 30 to 40 years. They are not considered endangered. They are often eaten by humans.
Spiny Soft-shelled Turtle
You will find the spiny soft-shelled turtle living all over Louisiana, United States. They like to live in lakes, oxbows, borrow pits and sandy or muddy areas.
The spiny soft-shelled turtle is 21 to 25 inches long. They do not have a bony look like most turtles. Their shell does not have a horny acutes. They have a pancake appearance.
The spiny soft-shelled turtle likes to eat fish, frogs, tadpoles, dead rodents and other carrion.
They will stay in the water, and the female will come out to lay her eggs. They will stay in a sandy or muddy pool or river bottom without moving. They will seldom come out of the water to bask in the sun. They have a long neck that is handy for getting prey.
The spiny soft-shelled turtle can be very aggressive, but when they are in captivity, they can become very tame.
The spiny soft-shelled turtle is considered very plentiful.
You will find the pig-nosed turtle living in Australia and New Guinea's rivers.
The pig-nosed turtle resembles a marine turtle and a snapping turtle. Their unusual appearance makes them very popular exotic pets. Their numbers are decreasing because they are also hunted for food.
The pig-nosed turtle is 70cm long. They will eat leaves and fruit that grows along the river bank. They also like water plants and small animals that live in the water.
They spend most of their time in the water except when they are laying eggs. Their feet resemble flippers so they do well in the water.
They are threatened because the water buffalo are destroying the riverbed where they lay their eggs. The water buffalo were brought to the area by humans. The river water is being polluted by factories and mines. The pig-nosed turtle is extremely endanger of becoming extinct.