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The Squirrel's Habitat and Food Sources

Updated on August 3, 2017

Habitat

Squirrels prefer to live where there is an abundance of food. Usually, this is an area with nut- and seed-producing plants. Squirrels also like areas that produce many grasses and plants, because the new plant shoots are edible. Squirrels have to live in places that have trees, even in a city. This is because squirrels build nests in the trees, specifically for bearing young. It keeps the baby squirrels safe from harm when they are very young and left alone while the adult squirrels are searching for food. Red Squirrels live in forests usually. The gray squirrel is the most common squirrel in America and is often found near cities and people. In the winter when the time of nesting is over squirrels live in tree trunk holes to stay warm, or they find their way into local home's attics.

Foods

Since squirrels are from the rodent family of mammals, they are primarily vegetarians. They love eating acorns and other nuts, all kinds of seeds, fruits, mushrooms and young plants. They will also eat twigs and barks if the other foods are scarce. Even though squirrels prefer these foods occasionally they will break away from vegetarian foods to enjoy a small frog or a bird egg. Squirrels that are near people also will eat scraps, dog food and even raid the bird feeders. Squirrels don't always eat their food right away. They bury it around the ground, in fallen trees, and anywhere that seems a good hiding place. Later they did it up when hungry. Although they do this year round, it is done to a greater degree in the fall to prepare a store of foods for winter.

Anatomy

Squirrels have teeth that continually grow so that they stay sharp. They use their teeth to crack open nuts, and for chewing through things to get to food. Often when squirrels chew on wires or rocks, they are keeping their teeth worn down a bit but still sharp. Their claws are used for digging up stored foods or for tearing down barriers to get to foods. Their paws are flexible with individual digits allowing them to reach into small places and to hold on to the small foods they eat. A squirrel's bushy tail is also used in an indirect way during a food search. The tail helps the squirrel balance among the tree branches or along fences and roofs, so they don't fall while finding food. The last part of anatomy that helps a squirrel find food is its big eyes that can see to the sides very well. However, they are not good for seeing directly in front of them so for that they rely on their keen sense of smell to locate the food.

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    • profile image

      Navya 

      16 months ago

      Super

    • profile image

      kiara 

      21 months ago

      i love squirrels they are very cuddley and i hade one and it died

    • profile image

      sammy 

      3 years ago

      squirrel eat lots and lots of roots

    • profile image

      B3@$t B0y 

      3 years ago

      Squirrels are my FAVORITE animal

    • profile image

      Donkeyface 

      3 years ago

      done homework now yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyaaaaaaaaaaaayyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

      :-)

    • profile image

      elliehana morgan 

      4 years ago

      this is realy good

    • profile image

      pat roberts 

      4 years ago

      I have a nest in my eves.am worried about them getting in my attic .How can I move them to another place without harming them. Mum has already dropped one .

    • profile image

      Guy 

      4 years ago

      Squirrels r just too awesome. :D

    • profile image

      School 

      4 years ago

      This is not what I wanted I need to now the name of the specific habitat they live

    • profile image

      4 years ago

      at school

    • profile image

      Amelie 

      5 years ago

      Yohhoo my homework is done!!!!! :):) :D :)

    • profile image

      richard m 

      5 years ago

      do squirrels eat hickory nuts

    • profile image

      dr. c.s.kanwar india 

      5 years ago

      very useful info on squirrels. I chanced upon to save two baby squirrels earlier as my daughter kalyani kanwar was able to feed them with dropper last year when they fell from our kitchen garden mango tree. This year too, two babies fell down during a wind storm and one of them died. The other we are nourishing in our home. It is growing steadily and is becoming naughty like playing hide and seek after the feed. We are giving itr mild milk and drops of calcium, vitamins. Now it sips milk from its small plate of its own and cries when it is hungry. After its feed it likes to go back to its cotton-based nest made in a basket. It is great fun to rear a squirrel inside your drawing room. Wow. Thanks for sharing your expertise on squirrels.

    • profile image

      CreeperMan 

      5 years ago

      I was working on this for my show & tell.

    • profile image

      nancy 

      5 years ago

      squirrel are sooooooooo cute!

    • profile image

      baby squirrels 

      5 years ago

      we found to baby squirrels the other day and now we made a place for them to live the mom died so we are taking them under our wing. You gave us great information on how to feed it and take care of it . Thanks

    • profile image

      danielle 

      5 years ago

      perfect for non-chronoligical report

    • profile image

      kathryn 

      5 years ago

      i was working on school prject and whoo boy this is good :P

    • profile image

      julia 

      5 years ago

      perfect for info for school project

    • profile image

      Alexandra 

      5 years ago

      I like squirrels because thay are very cute and cuddly and friendly

    • profile image

      Deana 

      5 years ago

      I love squirrels. I think they are so cute. I live in the city so don't really see too many here!

    • profile image

      bdogggg 

      5 years ago

      awesome

    • profile image

      olympian:) 

      5 years ago

      thank you sssooo much for helping me on my report!!!!:)

    • profile image

      Helpful! 

      5 years ago

      This was really useful and helpful! Full of awesome information! Thank you!!!!!!!!!!! :) ;)

    • profile image

      Andrew 

      5 years ago

      I managed to train a wild grey squirrel to come to my deck when I call him.He knows that there is food and he stores them for winter after he has eaten enough for the day.

      We are empty nesters so we spend a lot of time with the squirrel and hope one day he will take food from my hand. Your article is very informative.

    • profile image

      jasmine gray 

      6 years ago

      I have 8 pet squirrels.the boys are called max,darkness,thunder and snowball and the girls are called snowy,snowflake,lightning and magpie

    • profile image

      cid 

      6 years ago

      trying to find pictures of baby squirrels nesting ,some were nesting the lihjy pole metal part that keeps pole up

    • profile image

      unknown 

      6 years ago

      This is the weirdest conversations ever!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      Jason 

      6 years ago

      This is the weirdest conversations ever

    • profile image

      tu2 

      6 years ago

      thnks,hlpd with my assignment

    • profile image

      tINKS! 

      6 years ago

      AWESOME INFO MOR MY POJECT!!

      THANX A LOAD!!!

    • profile image

      garrett 

      6 years ago

      hey, this is quite good

    • profile image

      garrett 

      6 years ago

      well this stinks

    • profile image

      Jessica 

      6 years ago

      nice advice

    • profile image

      olivia 

      6 years ago

      im trying to do book report and its so hard without you

    • cwhiting profile imageAUTHOR

      Connie Whiting 

      6 years ago from Columbus,Ohio

      yw Kye:)

    • profile image

      Kye 

      6 years ago

      I am looking this up from "Google" hoping to find enough info for my essay. I did find all the info i needed and would like to thank you for your well written article.

      BTW Squirrels are cute :)

    • profile image

      Kye 

      6 years ago

      I am looking this up from "Google" hoping to find enough info for my essay. I did find all the info i needed and would like to thank you for your well written article.

      BTW Squirrels are cute :)

    • profile image

      apples gawd damn it 

      6 years ago

      Thank you this helped a lot with a grd.2 diorama. lol, I had to do this... o o

    • profile image

      Lana 

      6 years ago

      We have made "friends" with the sqirrels in our tree and think they are the cutest things ever. We have named them. Sammy had babies in the spring and again in early fall. The babies are adorable and so fun to watch. My husband feeds them everyday; peanuts, sunflower seeds, etc. I am worried they won't forage for their own food if he feeds them all the time. Is that true?

    • profile image

      atharva 

      6 years ago

      wow, keep it up!

    • profile image

      anonymous 

      7 years ago

      great info

    • profile image

      catherine jacobs 

      7 years ago

      they debark trees to make there teeth go down all rodents have to chew some thing to help their teeth

      ik this because my skool takes in baby squirrels and we ween them

      ps its lajh ag

    • profile image

      mnmnmnmnjgh 

      7 years ago

      what the

    • profile image

       

      7 years ago

      O.M.G brill for H.W my teacher said cool. LOL

    • profile image

      Shawn 

      7 years ago

      The squirrels may not be debarking the trees to that extent. They may actually be porcupines. If the bark is gone from ground level to far above your head, with the bark gone in big chunks, I'd guess it's a porcupine.

    • profile image

       

      7 years ago

      i had a prodject on squirrels thanks so much this was a lot of helpp

    • profile image

      shay shay 

      7 years ago

      awesome website

    • profile image

      Shreyasi 

      7 years ago

      hey, m from india n i have 2 months old squirrel. The above information really heiped me out to looked after his diet n his name is daanu

    • profile image

       

      7 years ago

      This website has all the info I need. You see, I'm doing a project on squirrels for extra credit in science at school and I need facts. This website has supplied almost all of the info for it. I really love squirrels and saw one in my backyard. That's where I got the idea to do the project. Thanks for the help!!!

    • profile image

      Saved1 

      7 years ago

      Baby abandoned squirrels that have fallen from the nest during the hot summer are most likely dehydrated. An eye-dropper works great for nourishment. If dehydrated, Gatorade is great. After a few days of hydration, puppy formula works best. Found this info online. Saved a 4 wk old baby this way. After 2 weeks, it was healthy, alert, and would crawl up my arm. I then gave it to a local wildlife rehab facility so it could learn to forage and interact with other squirrels. It was a first for me!!

    • profile image

      destinyfeliciano. 

      7 years ago

    • profile image

      jasmin 

      7 years ago

      wow lots of fact

    • profile image

      homework 

      7 years ago

      really good website!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      isabella 

      8 years ago

      i neede help on my hw but cant do in know :( i need you to describe there teeth

    • profile image

      Perry 

      8 years ago

      SQUIRRELS ARE AWSOME!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

       

      8 years ago

      great info for my project!!!!

    • profile image

      Twoey 

      8 years ago

      When I was 6, my friends and I rescued a baby black squirrel and fed it from a milk bottle. Now we're 15, still friends, and still wonder how Rosie is doing.

    • profile image

      Topdog 

      8 years ago

      Sorry, just to let you know, there is a spelling error. I'm sure it is meant to say 'DIG' but is says 'DID'! Its a great document.

    • profile image

      yash 

      8 years ago

      my homework was done and i got A

    • profile image

      Rosie 

      8 years ago

      this info is heaps good!

      thanx!!!

    • profile image

      Beth 

      8 years ago

      this was a great help for my homework :)

    • profile image

      lucy my puppy 

      8 years ago

      Hey, this really helped me with my paper thx!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      Kate 

      8 years ago

      hi, im doing a report on squirrels and there is a lot of useful information in these paragraghs!!! thx!!!

    • cwhiting profile imageAUTHOR

      Connie Whiting 

      8 years ago from Columbus,Ohio

      Hi I am not too sure about how to care for babies. I did find this link which has replies from several people that have taken care of abandoned babies. Also if you have a zoo or animal center in your city they could probably give advice as well. I hope the link helps

      http://askville.amazon.com/abandoned-baby-squirels...

    • profile image

      Manoj 

      8 years ago

      hi..Am from India. a squirrel just gave birth in my house two and a half weeks ago and has abandoned the young ones.. there were two baby squirrels.. it had just took one of them.. the other one is here and am looking after it for the past four day.. I have no idea about what to do..have been giving milk through an ink filler.. please help me out!!!

    • profile image

      maddy 

      8 years ago

      helped me so good with assiment thnx guys

    • profile image

       

      8 years ago

      tnx

    • profile image

      jake 

      8 years ago

      thhanks for the help on my homework

    • profile image

      perni 

      8 years ago

      Great info for my hw!!!!

    • profile image

      Lynne 

      8 years ago

      Truly, its greaat information for homework!

    • profile image

       

      8 years ago

      wow

    • profile image

      alisyed 

      8 years ago

      ilove squirrels they are the best even you don't it but they are still the best from;ali to;squirrels

    • profile image

       

      8 years ago

      we were just wondering if they lived in holes in trees or built nest

      Squirrles that is

    • profile image

      john 

      8 years ago

      great infooo

    • profile image

      alexis 

      9 years ago

      this is good info for my test

    • profile image

      =] Leaa =] 

      9 years ago

      Ace help for homework, well done, i love this :)

    • profile image

      Amber Danielle Warren 

      9 years ago

      U guys can find me on facebook under the same name.... Thanks 4 all ur help.... u were very helpful

    • profile image

      Lynn 

      9 years ago

      Does anyone know why squirrels debark trees? We are finding a lot of bark under our trees.

    • profile image

      shaunieeee 

      9 years ago

      hi i aint to fond of animals but i have a dog that when ever you look or talk to her t she always lickes you and she is relly cute ......some animals are..

    • KCC Big Country profile image

      KRC 

      9 years ago from Central Texas

      Almost two years ago our Rhodesian Ridgeback (dog) captured a tiny baby squirrel.  We were able to rescue it and contacted the local dog rescue facility to see if they knew who can take in a baby squirrel.  They put us into contact with a local lady who rehabilitated squirrels and releases them back out into the 'wild'.  She took him in.  We named him Chuzzle.  :) 

    • katyzzz profile image

      katyzzz 

      9 years ago from Sydney, Australia

      I just love squirrels even though we don't have them in Australia.

      I loved this post, I always love animal tales and sometimes the tails, too

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