The Viper And Types Of Viper Snakes
Viper belongs to the family of venomous snakes, characterized by a pair of long, hollow fangs, usually with reserve fangs beside them, in the front of the upper jaw. The fangs fold back against the palate when not in use and quickly swing forward to strike, injecting a deadly venom that kills prey and also serves as a defense. The viper generally has a broad, triangular head, and the eyes have vertical pupils. Most vipers give birth to living young from eggs hatched inside the mother's body.
Vipers are distributed throughout most temperate and tropical regions of the world, except Australia. They occur from lowlands to elevations of more than 4500 m (14,800 ft), from deserts to rain forests, and even in arctic regions.
Types Of Viper
Vipers are divided into two main groups-pit vipers and true vipers. Pit vipers have pit organs between their eyes and nostrils. They consist of about 100 species, which are found on all the continents except Antarctica and Australia. Pit vipers include North American copperheads, rattlesnakes, and water moccasins. True vipers do not have pit organs. They consist of about 50 species, which live in Africa, Asia, and Europe. True vipers include the Gaboon viper and the European viper.
Below Is a list of some of the types of vipers:
The Viper Boa is a livebearer. The presence of multiple males is usually required to help induce the female into breeding. Though there are exceptions. Additionally it is important to provide a winter cool down period of 6 to 8 weeks prior to breeding. Daytime temperatures should be approximately 80 degrees Fahrenheit while nigh time temperatures should be lowered between 60 and 65 degrees. After breeding and incubation the Viper Boa will usually give birth to 5 to 20 babies.
Babies and juvenile Viper Boas should be fed more often than adults. They usually require feeding every 10 to 14 days.
The viper snake mainly lives in places that are wet in the rainforest like woodlands; riverbanks, bogs and also they live in mountains. The snake adapts by; they hang with their tail to a branch and catch their prey. Another way is when a bird passes the viper snake camouflages in the bushes and captures the bird. The viper snake mainly eats amphibians and the snake can stay a whole year without eating.
The diet of the viper snake is amphibians, small mammals, lizards and nestling. The way the snake kills its prey to eat it is, first they capture the prey and puts their venom in the prey and they wait for the effect of the venom and then it eats it. The snake protects itself by camouflage and also with their bite.
The bite of the viper snake is so powerful you would need instant medication because you would lose a lot of blood. The enemies of the viper snake are the birds when the snake is small because the birds eat small snakes, rats and humans. The humans are their enemies because the humans like there skin and they kill it so they can have it and wear it. The viper snake is endangered because of their soft skin, because it is so smooth that people like to wear it and also have it. They are also endangered because they are interesting and also because people have them dissected. The viper snake is an animal that can have a lot of babies.
The Rhinoceros Viper
The rhinoceros viper, also called the river jack, can grow to be somewhat large in size. Adults normally grow to be 2 to 4 feet in length. One source even cites them as being able to reach up to 7 feet in length! The head of this animal is considerably smaller in size than its body. The rhinoceros viper's head is one of its most distinguishing characteristics. The rhino viper's head is in a triangular shape. There are 2 or 3 "horns" above each nostril. The coloration of the rhinoceros viper is incredible. Because of the various patterns and colors, the rhino viper has often been regarded as one of the most beautiful snakes in the world (see the above picture). Coloration in the rhinoceros viper is an adaptive feature. The degree of light and dark colors of this snake depends on its habitat. This wetland species of adders has darker colors which allow it to blend well with the jungle floor where it would most likely be found.
Fangs and Venom
The hemotoxic venom in rhinoceros vipers is much more dominant. This venom attacks the circulatory system of the snake's victim, destroying tissue and blood vessels. Internal bleeding also occurs. When not in use, the rhino viper's fangs are folded up into the roof of the snake's mouth. The snake has the ability to control the movement of its fangs. Simply because the rhino viper may open its mouth does not mean that the fangs will flip down into place. These fangs penetrate deep into the victim and the small doses of venom flow through the hollow fangs into the wound.
Movement and Habits
The rhinoceros viper is generally somewhat slow in locomotion. This snake will not usually bite unless provoked or hungry. When the rhino viper does get excited it can strike faster than the blink of an eye with extremely deadly accuracy. Bitis can strike in any direction with equal speed. "Their striking range is surprisingly long, sometimes as long as half the snake's length." As with other snakes, the rhino viper uses its scales for movement. Stretching its skin across its ribs, then releasing tension gives the rhino viper the ability to slither across the jungle floor quite efficiently.