- Pets and Animals
The 10 Most Respected Breeders Who Founded New Dog Breeds
Usually we talk about dog and dog breeds, but missing to remember the legend breeders who developed them. Though the Most of the dogs were developed hundreds or a thousand years ago, sand their development history is not known. Also, another reason, the creation of dog breed is a lengthy process and sometime it’s a long term project where more than one person was involved. Also, you can notice that the most of modern pedigree dog breeds have originated from Germany, which are descended from Gray Wolf. But their creator history is not available..
But some of the famous and excellent dog breeds have existence to just one person and bear the name of creators. You can refer this article if you like to know about some of the most successful and legend breeders.
Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann was the first breeder of the Doberman Pinscher, who created Doberman Pinschers in 1863 (when he was 29 years old). In 1963 his dogs were presented on the first dog market in Apolda, Germany and received great appreciation and recognition.
Louis Doberman was a tax collector and he need to collect tax and travel along with collections which was a dangerous role. He aimed to have a dog for personal protection and decided to create a new ideal brave, courageous and devoted dog breed and created Doberman dogs in 1863, but they got popularity and demand from 1910 onward after his death in 1894.
Biography of Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann
Born: 2 Jan 1834
Died: 9 June 1894 (aged 60), Apolda, Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Nationality: German (From, state of Thuringia, Germany)
Profession: Tax Collector in Germany.
Dog Breed: Doberman Pinscher
Breed Registration: First Dog of Doberman breed was presented In 1863 and English Kennel Club accepted this breed latter an year.
Doberman Pinschers DogsClick thumbnail to view full-size
About Doberman Pinschers
The Doberman Pinschers are the medium- tall, squarely built dogs that have an athletic and muscular appearance. They are courageous, energetic and intelligent dogs. Doberman Pinschers have unmatched protection, quality and they are highly appreciated for their courage, protection and dedication to their owner and family. They are the most reliable family pets and most demanded dogs around the world for military and police operations.
Though the breed development history for Doberman dogs is not available, but the most accepted theory for their development, is these five dogs are the ancestors for Doberman breed creation.
1: The Rottweiler
2: Dutch Shepherds
3: Manchester Terrier
5: Unknown Hound or Primitive Dog
Physical Traits of Doberman Pinschers:
Height: Female: 27–41 kg, Male: 34–45 kg
Weight: Female: 27–41 kg, Male: 34–45 kg.
Life-Span: 10 – 13 years
Temperament: Intelligent, Alert, Protective, Energetic, Courageous, Devoted.
Modern German Shepherds were developed by, Max Stephanitz was the creator. Who was a career cavalry officer from Germany and spent time serving at the Veterinary College in Berlin. From where he gained knowledge in biology and science of movement, later applied his knowledge for the breeding of a new breed of dogs.
Max Stephanitz started improving to local Shepherd dogs he explored many other shepherd types of dogs in his project. And when he observed some other shepherd dogs that have a wolf like appearance and also they were very intelligent. Then he got an idea to create a new breed of dogs, and created Modern German Shepherds, which are one among the most demanded dog breeds around the world.
Biography of Max von Stephanitz
Born: December 30, 1864, Dresden, Germany
Died: April 22, 1936 (aged 71)
Nationality: German (From, state of Thuringia, Germany)
Qualification: Associated with veterinary College in Berlin.
Profession: career cavalry officer.
Dog Breed: German Shepherd
Breed Registration: First presentation of German Shepherd Dogs was in 1901 and The English Kennel Club accepted this breed and registered in 1919.
German Shepherd DogClick thumbnail to view full-size
German Shepherds are well-balanced, multi-talented dogs, and also they are the one among the world's most appreciated and demanded dogs. German Shepherds are also known as Alsatian in Great Britain and some parts of Europe. They are intelligent dogs of working category, which are strong, energetic and are unmatched for their devotion, courage, and intelligence. Even this multi-talented and loyal companion belongs to shepherd category and most valued for police and military services. But they also make an excellent companion and family pet.
Physical Traits of German Shepherds:
Height: Female: 55–60 cm, Male: 60–65 cm
Weight: Female: 27–41 kg, Male: 34–45 kg
Life-Span: 10 – 13 years
Temperament: Intelligent, Protective, Alert, Obedient, Loyal, Brave, Confident.
Walden was a farm manager in Boston, Massachusetts. Later he moved out to Yukon River to work for freight, supplies. There he found an Eskimo dog, named “Chinook”. That was a massive 100-pound male in lean condition and a very capable lead dog. That made a deep impression on Walden, but in January 17, 1929, Chinook was disappeared on his 12th birthday.
The loss of Chinook affected him deeply and Walden said in a newspaper interview afterward that he was no longer able to run in front of a sled all day. And he returned back to New England to live in the Tamworth area, where he made his mind to recreate an ideal sled dog breed, he started developing Chinook dog Breed. He used many females, mainly Belgian and German Shepherds and husky to create Chinook Dog breed.
Biography of Arthur Treadwell Walden
Born: May 10, 1871, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America.
Died: March 26, 1947, Wonalancet, New Hampshire, United States in a fire broke out.
Nationality: United States of America.
Qualification: Educated from Chattuck Military School in Faribault, Minnesota and went to Boston, Massachusetts in 1980.
Profession: Farm manager, Chinook Dog Kennels and Book Writer.
Books: A dog-puncher on the Yukon, published in 1928.
Dog Breed Created: Chinook sled dog.
Breed Registration: Engagement started from 1902 and continued till 1917 and chinook breeding program was setback in 1922-1923. Chinook Dog breed was accepted by American kennel Club in 2013.
Chinook DogClick thumbnail to view full-size
The Chinook is a hardy, muscular and energetic sled dog that was created to pull sleds in the Mountains of New Hampshire. It has very powerful muzzle and enduring teeth that help in pulling sleds. The Chinook is a calm, playful dog and very devoted and protective for family and kids in the family. The Chinook is considered one among the best dog breeds to keep with kids and is the official state dog of New Hampshire's.
Physical Traits of Chinook Dogs:
Height: Female: 53–64 cm, Male: 58–69 cm,
Weight: Female: 27–41, Male: 34–45 kg
Life-Span: 10 – 13 years
Temperament: Calm, Friendly, Intelligent, Devoted, Hard-working and Versatile.
Leendert Saarloos was a Dutch dog breeder and creator of Saarloos Wolfdog. He anticipated creating a dog breed aimed for a police dog, rescue dog and seeing-eye-guide. He started breeding program in 1932 by mixing German shepherd and European Wolf.
His priority was to create a healthy dog systematically. But he was not interested for a degenerated” breed. In Year in 1935, he selected European wolf named “Fleur”, from the zoological garden Blijdorp and mated her with a German Shepherd male called Gerard von Transrhenum. He named his new created breed “The European Wolfdog.”. And later in 1975, Dutch Canine Organization renamed them Saarlooswolfhond (Saarlooswolfdog).
Biography of Leendert Saarloos
Born: 16 November 1884, Dordrecht, Netherlands.
Died: 13 January 1969, Dordrech.
Profession: Dutch Dog Breeder.
Dog Breed Created: Saarloose Wolf Dog.
Breed Registration: Started breeding program from 1932. The First Dog was acknowledged in 1975 in the Netherlands and registered with FCI in 1981.
Saarloos WolfdogClick thumbnail to view full-size
Saarloose Wolfdog is a well build, athletic and muscular dog that has a wolf-like face and expressions. This breed was created by mixing European wolf, Female and German Shepherd male, and have qualities from both the genus. They make a proud and elegant walk, they use their feet lightly and walk slowly also they are dominant and aloof by nature. This breed needs a lot of exercise and running and not recommended for apartment life, also they are not well suitable for warm climates and recommended only for cold climates and outdoor living persistence.
Physical Traits of Saarloose Wolfdog:
Height: Female: 60–70 cm, Male 65–75 cm
Weight: Female: 36–41 kg, Male: 36–41 kg
Life-Span: 12+ years
Temperament: Sturdy, Reserved, Aloof, Devoted, Energetic, Courageous, Proud, Independent.
Ing. Karel Hartl started developing a new breed in 1955, by mixing between a Carpathian Wolf and German Shepherd. And in 1958, first pup were born. His initial aim was to examine the "Results of crossing wolves with dogs" and create a breed that would have the best qualities from both genus, like the temperament, pack mentality and trainability of the German Shepherd Dog and the strength, physical build, and stamina of the Carpathian wolf.
In 1965 his lecture got attention at the World Dog Show in Brno and at the annual meeting of the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the International Cynologic Congress in Prague. The third generation of the series were born in 1977 which are the parent for today’s Czech Wolfdog. In 1982 the first dog of this breed was accepted by Czechoslovakian breeders associations as a national breed and in 1989 they got FCI membership also they won the title of "World Champion" at World Dog Show in Brno in 1990.
Biography of Ing. Karel Hartl
Dog Breed: Czechoslovakian Wolfdog.
Breed Registration: Started breeding program from 1955. The First puppy were born 1958. In 1982 it was recognized by the Czechoslovakian breeders associations as a national breed. In 1989 it became FCI standard breed.
Czechoslovakian wolfdogClick thumbnail to view full-size
Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is a moderately new breed of dog, which is created by crossing between Carpathian wolf and German Shepherd Dog. It is also recognized with names Slovak Wolfdog, Czech Wolfdog, Ceskoslovensky Vlcak.
It’s difficult to guess that Czechoslovakian Wolfdogs are from eminent origin. Also, it has some exceptional qualities like; it can run 62 miles (100 kilometres) and has a great sense of direction and quick reaction speed. But Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is not recommended for apartment life and for a new or inexperienced owner. They need a firm and experience owner and good socialization and early training.
Physical Traits of Czechoslovakian Wolfdog
Height: Male 65 cm (26 in), Female 60 cm (24 in)
Weight: Male 26 kg, Female 20 kg
Life-Span: 12 -16 years
Temperament: Reserved, Aloof, Energetic, Courageous,Independent.
Northern Inuit Dog in episode 2 of 'Game of Thrones.'
The Utonagan dog breed was developed in 1987, from England by Edwina Harrison. She wanted a domestic faithful, companion dog with a look of a wolf. So, she decided to create a new breed and she used an original hybrid wolf-dog and mixed with German Shepherd, Siberian Husky and Alaskan Malamute to create this breed. Initially this dog was known as Northern Inuit Dog but later it was recognised as its individual breed and got a new name “Utonagan”.
The Northern Inuit DogClick thumbnail to view full-size
The Northern Inuit Dog has been a recently created crossbred dog that originated in the late 1980s in England. Indigenous people have Hybrid dogs in remote parts of the far north of the Earth from thousands of years ago. This breed was an attempt to create a friendly and faithful companion dog breed that looks like a wolf. This breed is yet not recognised by any major kennel club, but have a strong support from worldwide.
Physical Traits of Northern Inuit Dog
Height: Approx. 60– 71 cm
Weight: Male: 36 – 50 kg (Adult), Female: 25 – 38 kg (Adult)
Temperament: Dependable, Gentle, Friendly, Calm, Intelligent.
American dog breeders Shelley Watts-Cross and David Turkheimer developed a large breed of shepherd dog that look like a giant German shepherd. They mixed American and European German Shepherd Dogs, Alaskan Malamutes, Great Pyrenees and Newfoundland dog create this giant shepherd dog. The intent to create this breed was to develop superior family pet and guard dog that can perform the work and guarding responsibilities as well, most suitable for police service, to guide dogs, to search and rescue dogs.
King ShepherdClick thumbnail to view full-size
The King Shepherd is a distinct type of shepherd dog that look like a larger form of German Shepherd Dog. This dog breed has been developed recently in 1990 from crossing German Shepherd Dog with Newfoundland, Shiloh Shepherd and long-coated European lines of a German shepherd in the 1990s. The breed was created to aim a superior family pet and guard dog. The King shepherds have great talent to perform work and guarding responsibilities that include mainly police service, to guide dogs, to search and rescue dogs.
Physical Traits of King Shepherd Dog
Height: Male: 69 – 81 cm (Adult), Female: 64 – 71 cm (Adult)
Weight: Male: 41 – 68 kg (Adult), Female: 34 – 50 kg (Adult)
Life-Span: 10-14 years
Temperament: Gentle, Self-confident, Calm, Intelligent, Courageous.
Lois Denny (Changed her name to Lois Schwarz, after her marriage) got an idea to create a new breed of dog at her age of 9 years in year 1969, when she found a mixed German Shepherd Dog around her house. She started breeding program at her young age of 9 years, she started breeding for Guinea pigs, pigeons, mice and rats. At her age of 30 years, Lois had rich experience of hundreds of breeds to whom she bred, groomed and trained also she spend sufficient time in local libraries researching her passion and kept records of the coat colors, density, eye shapes, mutations, and albinisms.
She was interested to create a dog like a wolf and her make her concentration to create a dog that resembles to dire wolf. Dire wolves are an extinct wolf’s species from Canada and North America that closely related to grey wolf and domestic primitive type dogs. She created her first official dog of this breed in the year of 2000 and which hold 5 five purebred dogs within its lines: The Alaskan Malamute, the German Shepherd Dog, the Great Pyrenees, the Anatolian Shepherd, and the English Mastiff. First official pups were presented in year 2000. In 2010, the dog’s name was formally changed to American Alsatian. This breed is registered with NASR - National American Alsatian Registry and NAAC - National American Alsatian Club.
Biography of Lois Denny
Born: 1960 in Oxnard, California.
Dog Breed: American Alsatian
Breed Registration: This Project was started in 1967 and the first generation American Alsatian was registered in 1988 in the United States by the North American Shepalute Club (since renamed the National American Alsatian Club). First official pups were presented in year 2000 and In 2010, the dog’s name was formally changed to American Alsatian
American AlsatianClick thumbnail to view full-size
The American Alsatian is a recently developed breed by Lois Denny (now Schwarz) in 1980, from California, This is giant dog breed with a look like extinct dire wolves. This is a great companion dog which is well appreciated for its calm, friendly, bold and courageous attitude.
Physical Traits of American Alsatian
Height: Males 25 - 28 inches (63.5 - 71 cm), Females 24 - 27 inches (61 - 68.5 cm)
Weight: Males 79 - 120 pounds (36 - 55 kg), Females 75 - 100 pounds (34 - 45 kg)
Life-Span: 12-14 years
Temperament: Confident, courageous, calm, friendly, Intelligent.
Robert Lucian Stanislaus Kaleski was a multi-talented, self-taught author, bushman, environmentalist and canine expert. Kaleski was an Australian Native who was born in Burwood, Sydney on 19 January 1877. He owned his first dog at his early age of 6 yrs and since then he has gotten interest with dog and since then he has been a constant learner about Dog and Dingo. He is most respected for his role in breeding the Australian Cattle and to develop the breed standard for the Australian Kelpie. His most famous books were “The Australian settler's complete guide” and “Australian Barkers and Biters- published in 1914".
Biography of Robert Kaleski
Born: 19 January 1877, Sydney Australia.
Death: 1 Dec. 1962 in new South Wales Australia
Qualification: 1 Dec. 1962 in new South Wales Australia
Profession: Insurance agent, Author, Bushman and Dog Expert.
Dog Breed: Australian Kelpie
Breed Registration: Kelpie is yet not recognized by some of the major kennel clubs including American kennel Club, but it United and Canadian kennel Clubs recognize them as an individual breed.
Australian KelpieClick thumbnail to view full-size
Physical Traits of Australian Kelpie
Height: Around 39–51 cm (15–20 in).
Weight: Average of 14–20 kg (31–44 lb).
Life-Span: 12-15 years
Temperament: Healthy, Self learner, Intelligent, Alert and Energetic.
Klim Sulimov is a Biologist (Ph.D. of the Likhachev Scientific Research Institute in Moscow). He created Sulimov dog breed for Russian Airline Aeroflot by breeding between a Jackal and a Hybrid. Intension to create this breed was to create a sniffer dog and because jackals are supposed to have a better sense of smell than any breed of domestic dog. In 1975 he bought jackal pups from a breeding nursery in Baku, Azerbaijan and brought to Moscow.
He selected Northern Husky for their mating partner, because Northern dogs have a better sense of smell than all other dog breeds. Sulimov crossed jackals with northern huskies for 7 generations to create the Sulimov Dogs.
The Sulimov dogClick thumbnail to view full-size
The Sulimov is medium to small sized sniffer dog breed, which is derived by crossing between Lapponian Herders and two Turkmen golden jackals. The purpose to create this breed was to create a sniffer dog for Russian Aeroflot airlines that can work at -50 to +50°C. The aim to create this breed is to work as a sniffer dog in Russia for Aeroflot airline security and to use them in airports to sniff for explosives and drugs. This breed was developed by Klim Sulimov, who was a Senior Research Assistant at the D.S. Likhachev Scientific Research Institute for Cultural Heritage and Environmental Protection.
Sulimov Dogs are great sniffers, they have very extraordinary sense of smell. A well thought Sulimov dog is capable to identify the person "suffering from cancer".
Physical Traits of Sulimov Dog
[It's a new breed and breed standard are not defined].
Height: Around 16 to 18 inches.
Weight: Arounf of 12-16 kg.
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