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More Than Twenty Rare and Unique Breeds of Dogs With Facts

Updated on September 19, 2019
Annie Wright profile image

Animals are my specialty as I believe in animal rights. I've learned a great deal about animal's care, their habits, and medical conditions.

English Springer Spaniel Dog

African Wild Dog

The African Wild Dog is thought to be close to extinction ( IUCN Red List Status -endangered list) since there are only between 3,000 to 5,000 left and they are only found in Africa. The adult weighs between 39.5 to 79 pounds with the pattern color markings of brown, black, yellow and white patches. The female has a litter of two to twenty pups that the whole pack helps to care for them. They hunt in packs which gives their kill rate around eighty percent. Their height is around 29.5 inches to 43 inches from the shoulders down. The African Wild Dog can live up to eleven years or slightly longer.

  1. Also called the Cape Hunting Dog or the Painted Dog.
  2. Only four toes per foot while other dogs have five toes per foot.
  3. They regurgitate their meal after a hunt to feed the pups in the litter.
  4. Underground dens that porcupines or warthogs have abandoned where they give birth to a litter.
  5. At one time they once roamed across most of the continent.
  6. Only distantly related to other canids.
  7. Very social - share food, assist the weaken / ill ones - social interactions are common - communicate by actions, vocalizations, and by touch.

African Wild Dog

Checking out the area
Checking out the area
Out for a stroll
Out for a stroll

Alaskan Klee Kia

Also referred to the Miniature Alaskan Husky or the Mini Husky which was the first breed in Alaska for a family pet. Their height ranges from 13 to 17 inches while females can be as small as 12 inches, while their weight is between 10 to 23 pounds. The hair is a medium length with moderate shedding. The lifespan is between 11 to 14 years while females have between 1 to 3 pups.

  • White, Black, and White, Red, and White, and Gray and White, but with two color varieties in each.
  • Come in three sizes: Standard (Over 15 inches and up to 17) Mini (Over 13 inches and up to 15) Toy (13 inches and under)
  • Very reserved - shy of people not in the immediate family but may choose one person to be close too.
  • A very high prey drive, "This means anything smaller than them (that they are not raised with and even still even some that they are) is fair game to be hunted. It's not uncommon for them to take on prey even larger then they are!e socialized throughout their lifetime, according to Alaskan Klee Kai Scam."

Alaskan Klee Kia

 4 year old BIS winner Kukai, a standard, black and white Alaskan Klee Kai May 2009
4 year old BIS winner Kukai, a standard, black and white Alaskan Klee Kai May 2009 | Source
Alaskan Klee Kai
Alaskan Klee Kai

American English Coonhound (Also referred to as the Redtick Coonhound)

Many dogs were crossed bred in the Southern United States for trailing and treeing for hunters. The American English Coonhound is a very loving breed of dog, which is also very active. Their hair is short. Weight is between sixty to eighty pounds. This breed is descendent of the English Foxhound. This breed was at one time called the Virginia Hound who hunted rough terrain and crafty raccoons of the American colonies.

  • Does tolerate hot and cold weather
  • Children friendly and very affectionate with family.
  • Pretty much dog-friendly
  • Very easy to train but a very strong prey drive
  • Will bark loud and has a tendency to wander with a high energy level.
  • Playful and needs lots of exercise - famouse for their speed and endurance.
  • Height - Males stand 24 to 26 inches at the shoulder; females, 23 to 25 inches - lifespan is ten to twelve years.

American English Coonhound

Azawakh Dog

According to the VetStreet "This aloof, quiet and beautiful dog is from the Sahel region of Africa, a desert area where he traveled with nomads and guarded their tents. It is difficult to rehome an Azawakh because he becomes so attached to his people. Resembling a runway model, the leggy and elegant Azawakh comes to us from the Sahel region of Africa, which touches Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso. He has long been a prized companion of the nomadic Touareg people. He is more devoted than the typical sighthound."

  • Height - 24 inches to 29 inches from the shoulders down.
  • Weight - 33 pounds to 55 pounds
  • Also called TuareySloughi - Lifespan 10 to 13 years
  • Ideal pet - has to live inside - must go to new home early, be trained immediately and can live in an apartment but must go out for a run/walk then content to lay on couch but must have cushion area to lay on
  • Doesn't adjust to new home when older - can get along with other small pets if raised together but they need to be separated when no one is there to watch as they have a strong prey drive - not safe around small children - cannot be allowed to run loose outside other animals is possible to become prey and they may mistake small children as prey - must be kept on a leash or in a fenced-in area while outside.
  • Must be socialized at the very earliest age to new people, places, and situations throughout their life - built for speed which makes them an excellence completion for lure coursing
  • Protective, loyal, quiet but not suited for every home, intelligent

Azawakh Dog (Also known as Sloughi Dog)

Standing Near The Ocean
Standing Near The Ocean
May look skinny but in fact that is their normal build as they are built for speed
May look skinny but in fact that is their normal build as they are built for speed


The Bolognese breed came from Italy somewhere around the time of the 11th or 12th century. A small breed of dog was very popular among the Spanish Royals and the courts as a favorite companion. Being only 8 inches to 12 inches in height, and weighing between five to fourteen pounds with long hair made them adorable pets. This is a family dog that can be very crafty at getting their own way. Their lifespan is twelve to fourteen years. The Bolognese characteristics:

  • They do well living in an apartment.
  • Highly sensitive
  • Don't tolerate being alone very well.
  • Does not tolerate heat very well - needs to be kept inside on hot days nor does it tolerate cold weather very well.
  • Very friendly with children, family, strangers and other dogs.
  • Health is good, very trainable, possible can easily gain weight
  • Needs to have their hair groomed regularly to maintain health.
  • Prey drive is strong.
  • Need to have chew toys as they like to chew on things.
  • They are a smart breed and may wander around if left to run loose.


"You may have heard these dogs' non-shedding coats make them a "non-allergenic" breed, but that's not true. It's a dog's dander – flakes of skin – that triggers allergic reactions, not the coat. The non-shedding coat means less dander in the environment and sometimes fewer allergic reactions. But they still produce dander, and can still cause an allergic reaction."


Bolognese Dog

Just walking around
Just walking around
Enjoying the day
Enjoying the day

All Dog Breeds In The World (A to Z) ( presented by what-is-it-worth) (Published 5/27/2015)

Berger Picard

This breed the Berger Picard dates back to the era of 400 BC. The oldest French Shepherd that was brought over by the Celts, and is considered a rare breed. From the shoulders down, their height is males, 23-½ to 25-½ inches;
females 21-½ to 23-½ s. Weight varies from 50 pounds to 72 pounds with a lifespan of 13 to 14 years. This breed is a medium size dog that is used for herding, people oriented, loyal, and can make a good family pet if properly socialized. Recognized Registries: FCI, ARBA, UKC, CKC, NCA, and AKC Miscellaneous January 2013

Berger Picard Dog

Posing for a picture
Posing for a picture
Watching to see what is going on
Watching to see what is going on

Carolina Dog (Also called the American Dingo)

This type of breed has not been around for too long of a time as they have recently been discovered in the in the wild, Carolina Dogs are still not a fully domesticated breed. The Dogster states that "Discovered in the American South, Carolina Dogs are believed to have descended from Asian “pariah dogs” brought to North America across the Bering Strait 9,000 years ago. Much more recently, a University of Georgia professor discovered these Dingo-like dogs living in a remote area of South Carolina. Some historians have noted that the Carolina Dog’s bone structure resembles the dog bones found in American Indian burial sites."

  1. Weight: 30 - 44 pounds
  2. Height: 17 - 24 inches
  3. Lifespan: 15 years
  4. As a human companion, they like the outdoors, families that have older children, and singles.
  5. They are loyal, intelligent, resourceful, gentle nature but are reserved.
  6. Protective, self-sufficient, but they crave togetherness and family time because of being pack orientated, reserved with strangers but may become outgoing over time and excellence workers, herders, and make a great playmate for children.
  7. Need a large fenced yard and kept on a leash when walking in public.

Carolina Dog (An American Dingo)

Spending the day in the country
Spending the day in the country

Carolina Dog

Fairly recent studies of the free-ranging dogs in particular regions of the United States from the Southeast through the desert Southwest have disclosed the continued existence of small primitive dogs whose appearance, behavior and ecology suggest a close ancestry with a possible descent with the dogs that accompanied man across the Bering land bridge into North America some 10,000 to 14,000 years ago.

AKC (American Kennel Club)

Çatalburun (Also called the Turkish Pointer)

The Catalburun is referred sometimes to the Turkish Pointer or the Tarsus Catalburun yet it is the rarest breed of dog in the world, therefore; making it one of the hardest to export from its homeland. Almost completely unknown outside of Turkey and was originated in Mersin that is located in the Southern Tarsus province of Turkey. There are only about 200 of these dogs left so most are heavy inbreed which is common and there appear to be no health issues related to the inbreeding. They are valuable as an excellence partridge hunter that is considered a fierce pointer with a strong prey drive. These are high energy dogs that have a tendency to get into foul smelling things so regular baths are needed with a brushing every week to remove dead skin and hair to keep their coat shiny.

  • Smart devoted family dog and gets along well with children if trained at an early age.
  • Catalburun means forked nose.
  • Both males and females are in height 17 to 24 inches - weight is 30 to 55 pounds.
  • They are not recognized as a breed.
  • Health issues - major concerns are Hip Dysplasia and Hypothyroidism - minor concerns are skin problems - occasional test are OFA (an x-ray of the dog's hips and/or elbows a score is given then the score describes the occurrence or lack of joint problems, particularly dysplasia ), blood test, Thyroid test
  • The coat can be pied (black/white), black, red, white with medium coat length.
  • Prefers to live indoors with his family and is generally a quiet breed.
  • He/she will bow to his trainer’s commands if trained correctly.
  • Does enjoys his/her training when positive reinforcement is being utilized.

Amazing Catalburun

He has acute wind and ground tracking capabilities which makes him ideal for search and rescue, narcotic and police work.The Tarsus Çatalburun can be dog aggressive because he is dominant about his property. Without proper training, he can become aggressive toward other dogs and strangers. This makes him a great guard dog but he does require a sturdy fence to keep him from attacking those who come near his property.

Wag Walking

Catalburun (Turkish Pointer)

The nose is forked / split
The nose is forked / split
One of the three different breeds in the world to have a forked nose.
One of the three different breeds in the world to have a forked nose.

Chinese Foo

.Dating back to the Antiquity in China, the Chinese Foo was used to guard the Buddhist Temples. There are three sizes of the Chinese Foo, Toy Chinese Foo, the Miniature Chinese Foo, and the standard size which their heights vary from ten to fifteen inches but females can grow up to sixteen inches, weighing from twenty pounds to fifty pounds. The hair is short with moderate shedding. They have litters from three to six pups with a lifespan of ten to twelve years.The mascot of the Tongs believes this breed to bring good luck to the owner of the dog.

According to Terrific Pets "This is an active, courageous, agile, alert, hardy and strong dog, which speaks to its hunting and working heritage. Bold and energetic in temperament-it makes a very effective and efficient (but friendly), guardian. The Chinese Foo is a highly devoted family pet with great dignity and independence of character-meaning it tends to be an independent thinker and not always as obedience as you might like."

  • Male Height:Toy10 in or less/25 cm or less, Miniature: 1-15 cms/25-38 cm, Standard: over 15 in/over 38 cm
  • Male Weight:Small: up to 20 lbs/ up to 9 kg, Medium: 21-50 lbs/95. kg.-22 kg, Large: 51 lbs and up/23 kg and up
  • Female Height:Toy 10 in or less/25 cm or less, Miniature: 10-15 cms/25 -38 cm, Standard: over 15 in/over 38 cm
  • Female Weight:Small: up to 20 lbs/ up to 9 kg, Medium: 21-50 lbs/95. kg - 22 kg, Large: 51 lbs and up/23 kg and up

Chinese Foo

Enjoying a nice sunny day
Enjoying a nice sunny day

Dutch Shepherd Dog

The Dutch Shepherd Dog is a loving dog with family but unwanted visitors will be stopped in their tracks. The family will receive a friendly welcome and family friends will also receive a warm welcome. This breed of dog originated in the Netherlands around the 1800"s and was a valuable asset with their herding abilities with quick reflexes.

  • Height -Male: 22.5-24.5 inches (57-62 cm) Female: 21.5-23.5 inches (55-60 cm)
  • Weight - 50-70 pounds (23-32 kg)
  • Colors - Blue, Brindle, Golden, Gray, Salt & Pepper, Silver, Yellow
  • Litter Size - 6-10 puppies
  • Puppy PriceAverage $1000 - $1200 USD
  • Traits - affectionate, loyal, trainable, alert, reliable, obedient
  • Compete ( dog agility, obedience) - tracking, weight pulling, search and rescue, nosework, dock jumping, Rally obedience, flyball, disc dog - protective sports: French Ring, Belgian Ring, Schutzhund, monitoring, PSA among other activities in sports.
  • As a herder in their native homeland, the Netherlands and their drive is still very strong.
  • After the Nederlandse Herdershonden Club was set up in 1898, the breed became "official", according to Von Falconer.

Dutch Shepard Dog


During the 1960's in Germany, this breed originated by cross-breeding three different types of dogs. The dogs that were crossbred were the Chow-Chow, Wolfspitz, and Samoyed that were brought together to create this breed which resulted in a Spitz-type dog. Height varies somewhat in size, nineteen inches to twenty-four inches. There is a wide margin to what they weight forty pounds up to seventy-three pounds and their lifespan is 12 to14 years. The Eurasier is a large dog with long hair.

  1. The Eurasier doesn't like to spend a lot of time alone, they must live inside the home to fully develop.
  2. Reserved with strangers and may take time before strangers can pet them as they don't easily trust people.
  3. They only bark or growl if they feel it is needed so they are not a good watchdog as they are not aggressive.
  4. This breed is an intelligent loving companion dog that is family oriented that is even-tempered/good-natured.
  5. A devoted family dog that does require close contact with their family in their daily activities.
  6. Has a blue-black tongue, an inheritance from his Chow-Chow forebears. May have pink/black tongue also.
  7. This breed long hair coat may be any shade of red, wolf gray, black, or black and tan.

Eurasier History

The initial breeding plan was one of mating a select group of German Wolfspitzes with early Chow Chows, which did not have the same appearance as today’s Chows. The new breed was named ‘Wolf-Chow’. Later, in 1972 after some debate amongst the leading Wolf-Chow enthusiasts, Wipfel chose to include the Samoyed. Soon after, the breed was recognised by the German Kennel Club (VDH) and the FCI in 1973 and was renamed the Eurasier.

Eurasier Society UK


Taking a break
Taking a break

Fila Brasilero

The breed was developed in Brazil which is also known as the Brazillian Mastiff or the Brazilian Molosser. that is considered a large working dog. Due to the aggressive tendency of this breed the Fila Brasileiro, it is banned or restricted in the following countries the United Kingdom, Norway, Israel, New Zealand, Norway, Denmark, restricted in Australia, and others.In the United State, your insurance for homeowners may be canceled. Males stand at a height of 26 to 30 inches and females are 24 to 28 inches. Males weigh between 140 to 180 pounds while females weigh slightly less at 130 to 160 pounds. Lifespan is 10 to 12 years. Their hair colors are black, brindle, red, yellow

  • A gassy breed that will stink you out - sheds all over the place even though it is a short hair breed.
  • Be prepared to have slobber all over everything, more so after eating or drinking then shaking its head.
  • Will attack family members or company that drops by so you need to be fully aware of their responsibilities in protecting the innocent public and going to see the vet will be a challenge. They may attack a visitor for picking up a family member or your child's playmate.
  • Capable of being extremely aggressive in a flash shifting into his fierce protector's mode with sudden speed and athletic agility.
  • It is a toss up if this breed will live in the household with other pets as it is aggressive toward other dogs since it has a very strong prey drive (hunting breed) and really shouldn't trust it with family pets.
  • Extremely high rates of hip dysplasia (38%) and elbow dysplasia (32%)

Fila Brasiler

THE RAREST DOG BREEDS In The World YouTube 10/18/2018 · by Trend Max

Glen of Imaal Terrier (One time called the Wicklow Terrier or the Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier)

Iris decent does run through their blood but the direct origin is unknown and is a rare breed. The American Kennel Club recognized it in 2004. A medium size dog the Glen of Imaal Terrier stands at a height between thirteen to fourteen inches and weighing around thirty to thirty-five pounds. Lifespan is 12 to 15 years. Their hair is medium length.

Petful (Formerly Pets Adviser®) +David Deleon Bake states that "Queen Elizabeth I needed soldiers to fight against a rebellion in Ireland but lacked the funds to hire them. She offered them land instead, and after the war, the soldiers settled in the Glen of Imaal in the Wicklow mountains.Some soldiers brought their dogs with them, and over time the dogs ended up breeding with dogs local to the area. A new race of terrier emerged from these breedings and were used for specific tasks, such as turning spits to roast food or small wheels to churn butter."

  1. Has to be on a leash or kept in a fenced in area while outside since he is a hunter and chaser.
  2. Undemanding, laid-back, and very patient but other dogs they may not get alone with.
  3. Must be solicalized at an early age, owner control and attentiveness are recommended.
  4. Cats, rabbits, and other small rodents should not be kept with the Glen of Imaal since they have a high prey drive.
  5. Need to teach them to walk or you may end up getting pulled along, strong diggers, and a deep bark.
  6. Likes to be the leader as it is strong will so it needs to be taught at an early age who the boss is.

Glen of Imaal Terrier

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

In Switzerland, in a remote and isolated area, this breed was developed around the 300's, at first to be used as a large working dog. The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog has a history which includes pulling the farmer's cart. At one point this breed was thought to be extinct until the 1900's. The dog is black with rust and white markings with medium hair length. An active dog but training is moderate to difficult, moderately unsociable and a fairly good watch dog.

  • Trainability: Response well
  • Height: 25.5-28.5 inches (male), 23.7-27 inches (female)
  • Weight: 115-140 pounds (male), 85-110 pounds (female)
  • Life Expectancy: 8-11 years
  • Barking Level: Barks When Necessary
  • Litter: Four to Eight pups
  • Even-tempered, faithful, dependable, family oriented, great with children, and likes to work hard

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Greenland Dog

Some 12,000 years ago, this breed the Greenland Dog originated in the Artic Region. Wolves were used as the father breeding by the Inuit people. Height at the withers: Males 58 - 68 cm, Females 51 - 61 cm - Average weight: Males 34.0 - 47.5 kg, Females 27.0 - 41.0 kg.They are considered a working dog. The hair is a medium length. They are working breed that pulls sleds and hunts large prey. With children around the house, you need to ensure that playing with this breed doesn't get rough as the Swiss Mountain dog like to play rough and around other pets is best to avoid even though they get along with other dogs since in nature they are a pack dog.

Breed colors are as follows:

  • Black and white
  • Dark grey and white
  • Grey and white
  • Grey black and white
  • Red
  • Red and white
  • Sable and white
  • Tan and white
  • Tan black and white
  • White
  • White and fawn

Health Issues:

  • Hip dysplasia - Breeders should have stud dogs hip scored
  • Elbow dysplasia - Breeders should have stud dogs tested
  • Primary lens luxation - Breeders should have stud dogs eye tested
  • Glaucoma
  • Ear infections
  • Bloat - should be feed twice a day instead of once a day - should never be exercised just before or just after they have eaten either because this puts them more at risk of suffering from gastric torsion - invest in a stand for their feed bowls which makes it easier for these large dogs to eat comfortably because of their height
  • Don't allow a puppy to jump off and on furniture or going up/down stairs since too much pressure can result in joint damage/spine damage causing a dog developing serious problems later in their lives.

Greenland Dog

Greenland Dog History

The Greenland Dog is thought to be among the most ancient of breeds with evidence of very similar looking dogs having been taken to the Arctic regions of the world some 5000 years ago by people who made the journey to these frozen regions of the world from Siberia. Some remains found on the New Siberian Islands were carbon dated and established that the breed existed there some 7000 years ago.

Hellenic Hound (Also referred to Greek Hound or Greek Harehound)

The Hellenic Hound is a native of Greece that was first developed from hounds that the ancient Phoneticians brought to Egypt. An ancient breed of scenthound whose roots date back thousands of years and are native to Peloponessus or Southern Greece. This breed will do anything to save its master/owner and a true loyal companion. Older children are the Hellenic Hounds favorite to play with. The height range from the height of 47-55 cm and 45-53 cm at the withers (shoulders), with their weight ranging from 37 to 44 pounds. Lifespan is about eleven years. Hair is a short length. Their ears need to be cleaned often as they are pronged to infection. This is a rare breed that is only black and tan. Bred as a scent dog to track/chase rabbits throughout Southern Greece and rarely is unheard of outside its native country.

  1. Energetic - outgoing - confident - skilled - fearless hunter - activity level is high - needs large space for exercise
  2. Excellence sense of smell/strength - bred to hunt in packs - okay with other dogs - very vocal/loud
  3. Independent - strong-willed - owner needs to take charge and be confident - possible that this bred can be stubborn/impatient
  4. Training can be a challenge/train at early age - apartment life isn't recommended - rough handling should be avoided

Hellenic Hound

Korean Jindo Dog

The Korean Jindo Dog was believed to have originated on the Jindo Island, however; no written record has ever been located.This purebred dog has many different names it is known by other than the Korean Jindo Dog, such as Chindo, Jindo, Jindo Gae, Jindogae, Jin Dog, and Jindo Gu. Primary this breed of dog prefers to be with its master/owner and no one else. They stand about: Male: 18-25 inches (48-65 cm) Female: 16-22 inches (41-58 cm). A medium size dog that weighs around Male: 35-50 pounds (16-23 kg) Female: 25-40 pounds (11-18 kg) with a lifespan of twelve to fifteen years. They come in a variety of colors: black, black and tan, gray, red, white. They can have four to eight puppies and cost anywhere from an average of $300 - $400 USD.

  • Adapts well - apartment friendly - needs to live inside to prevent boredom/loneliness - rarely barks
  • Moderate with dogs/cats - strangers can be moderate toward but if attached to owner may be aloof and suspicious toward strangers - gets along with children very well since it is playful, energetic, affectionate - exercise is moderate
  • Most part a healthy breed ( Hypothyroidism can be a problem) - shedding has a double coat that sheds heavily twice a year - help the process along by giving warm baths and brushing daily
  • Training is difficult - breed to hunt rabbits, badgers, wild boars, racoons, and deer - hunt in groups or alone - able to follow cold trails - can travel long distance and will come back home - will bring down its prey then get owner to lead back to prey - first came to the USA in the 1980's

Korean Jindo Dog

Korean Jindo Puppies
Korean Jindo Puppies

Korean Jindo Dog

The Jindo is protected by Korean law as a national monument. Its legendary loyalty and affection for its master, fastidious nature, high intelligence and unfailing courage have made the Jindo the most popular breed of dog in Korea.

Dog Breed List Inforormation


In Germany, it was established in 1846 by cross-breeding three breeds of dogs. The breeds of dogs that were cross-breed were the Saint Bernard, Great Pyrenees's, and Newfoundland, and the look that was achieved to resemble a Lion.

"What we do know for certain is that Essig’s marketing genius resulted in such widespread popularization of the breed, that the Leonberger, as a breed, survived cries of outrage from breeders of Saint Bernards and Newfoundlands, from judges, and from the editors of dog magazines such as Der Hund. At the same time, Essig had ardent loyalists who paid great sums for his dogs and defended him publicly. Through his marketing skill, Essig’s dogs found their way into the castles of royalty, most notably Empress Elizabeth of Austria, the Prince of Wales, Emperor Napoleon II, Garibaldi, the King of Belgium, Bismarck, King Umberto of Italy, and the Czar of Russia. They have exported as far away as United States, England, Newfoundland, and Japan to the wealthy who desired large fashionable dogs according to Caroline Bliss Isberg." The Leonberger is high intelligence with a love for its family that is a true love.

  • Personality: Bright, patient, loving, and family oriented
  • Energy Level: Somewhat Active; Rambunctious when pups, adult Leos enjoy long walks and activities like swimming and cart pulling
  • Good with Children: Yes, with Supervision
  • Good with other Dogs: With Supervision
  • Shedding: Lots of Shedding
  • Grooming: Weekly
  • Trainability: Eager To Please
  • Height: 28-31.5 inches (male), 25.5-29.5 inches (female)
  • Weight: 110-170 pounds (male), 90-140 pounds (female)
  • Life Expectancy: 7-10 years
  • Barking Level: Barks When Necessary


World's RAREST Dog Breeds Ever! Published on Oct 7, 2017 from Origins Explained


This breed originated quite unexpected in Hungary as the origin reaches well back into the 15th to 18th centuries. Considered to be very rare breed. The Mudi prefers to guard the family but is active, so it will need a fence in-yard to play in that is safe. They are borne with floppy ears but they become erect as the puppy grows.

The AKC (American Kennel Club) states that "The official Latin name for the breed is Canis ovilis Fényesi, and is named for the breed's discoverer, Dr. Dezsõ Fényes. It was in 1936 that Dr. Fényes's discovered breed, in that time known as the "Driver Dog", was recognized as a breed in Hungary, though common knowledge of the breed appears much earlier on this timeline of the Mudi's existence and discovery than the 1920's."

Interesting Facts:

From the AKC website:

  • "The Mudi is on a Hungarian postage stamp, introduced in 2004, to honor the Hungarian dog breeds that became National Treasures
  • The Mudi is the only herding group breed that has the merle color and has healthy solid white colored dogs too.
  • The Mudi still actively herds in Hungary with Hungarian Shepherd's and with flocks containing up to 500 sheep.
  • The founder of the breed, Dr. Dezsõ Fényes, was born in Hungary in 1888 and died in Los Angeles, California in 1973."


  • Colors including black, white, yellow, gray, brown and gray-brown with merle patterns.
  • Height: 15 to 18.5 inches
  • Weight: 18 to 28.75 pounds
  • Life Span: 12 to 14 years
  • A highly intelligent and alert dog - wants to be included in your daily life
  • Bark an alarm if he notices anything out of the ordinary
  • Needs a fenced-in-yard, will roam if given a chance
  • They need to have one-to-one attention but will get along with other dogs
  • don’t like teasing or abuse


Mudi (blue)
Mudi (blue)

Peruvian Inca Orchid (Peruvian Hairless Dog)

Dating back to 750 AD an ancient breed of dog, that the pre-Incas cultures made ceramic's statuses which actually resembled the Peruvian Hairless Dog. In all actual reality, they do have a small amount of short hair on their head, tail, and feet. This breed is very sensitive to cold and heat so extra precautions should be taken. A very loving and friendly nature to its family, however; wary of strangers. Other names are Flower Dog, Inca Hairless Dog, Viringo, Dielmatian, Perro Sin Pelo del Per.

"When the Spanish conquered Peru, these hairless dogs were found in the Inca homes amidst the Orchids, therefore the Spanish named them “Perros Flora”, or “flower dog”. Little has changed about the breed since it was first discovered. The Peruvian Inca Orchid was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1996, according to Dog Breed List."


  • Lifespan 11-13 years
  • Needs to live inside (protection from the elements)
  • Children friendly but wary of strangers - protective of women and children in the family more than the men - do not like to be alone
  • Learn fast - very smart - medium-sized, elegant Sighthound breed - affectionate - alert - noble
  • Height: Small: 25–40 cm (10–16 inches) - Medium: 40–50 cm (16–20 inches) - Large: 50–65 cm (20–26 inches)
  • Weight: Small: 4–8 kg (9–18 lbs) - Medium: 8–12 kg (18–26 lbs) - Large: 12–25 kg (26–55 lbs)
  • Colors: Black, Brown, Pink, Gray, Tan, White
  • Litter Size3-5 puppies
  • Puppy Price Average $400 - $600 USD

Peruvian Inca Orchid


A Dutch breeder attempted in 1921, Leendert Saarloos to combine the German Shepherd with a wolf, which he was unsuccessful at first. Then later he achieves a rare breed the Saarlooswolfhond which was a hunting dog, however; this breed was recognized in 1975, six years after Leendert Saarloos's death. Lives in the Netherlands which is rarely seen in other parts of the world. The breed has three colors, the wolf grey which is the dominant color of the wolf genes, the white color is recessive and uncommon, and the red color. Known also as the Saarloosa Wolf Dog, which has been used as a guild dog for those who are blind and used as a rescue dog.

Recognition By:

  • ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
  • ACR = American Canine Registry
  • APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
  • CKC = Continental Kennel Club
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
  • NKC = National Kennel Club


  • Height: 24 - 29½ inches (60 - 75 cm)
  • Weight: 79 - 90 pounds (36 - 41 kg)
  • Lifespan: about 10-12 years
  • Litter Size: about 4 to 6 puppies
  • Combed and brushed regularly - bathing as needed (removes the natural oil from the skin)
  • Suited for cold climates and can live outdoors - best with acreage
  • Taken for daily pack walks to satisfy its instincts (you have to take leadership) - not recommended as a child companion - the dog may panic if locked in an enclosure (seclusion intensifies anti-social behavior) - good guard dog
  • Colors include agouti, wolf-gray and wolf-brown with limited white markings


Enjoying a day by the sea
Enjoying a day by the sea

Tibetan Mastiff

A very large dog that was bred specificity to guard families, flocks, entire villages, and herds. This bred of the dog during sometime in 2013, this Tibetan Mastiff became known as the world most expensive dog since it sold for 1.5 million dollars. Marco Polo described the Tibetan Mastiff as "tall as a donkey with a voice as powerful as that of a lion."

According to Dog Breed Information "The Tibetan Mastiff is descended from the famous Tibetan dogs that were the source of the majority of Molossers and Mastiffs throughout the world. The ancient Tibetan Mastiff may have been in existence as early as 1100 BC. It was not until Queen Victoria of England was given one of these dogs in the mid-1800s that they came out of isolation. Tibetan Mastiffs were imported from India, Nepal, Ladakh and Afghanistan to the United States in the 1970s and were used as foundation stock for the breed. Now rare in Tibet, the Tibetan Mastiff is gaining popularity in both the United States and England."


  1. The Tibetan Mastiff doesn't shed its hair instead it blows it.
  2. Litter: 5 - 12 puppies only go into heat once a year instead of twice a year like other dogs.
  3. Lifespan: about twelve to fifteen years
  4. Height: 25 - 28 inches (61- 71 cm)
  5. Weight: 140 - 170 pounds (64 - 78 kg) - Some European owners have claimed they have them get to 220 pounds (99 kg)

Personal Characterists:

  • Personality: Mellow and calm around the house; devoted to family, reserved and territorial with strangers - good with children
  • Supervise when with other dogs - bark only when needed

Tibetan Mastiff

Tibetan Mastiff

Some breeders have labeled the Tibetan Mastiff into two types, although both types are often born in the same litter: the Do-khyi and the Tsang-khyi. Tsang-khyi means "dog from Tsang" and is described as the "monastery" type. It is taller and heavier boned with more wrinkles around the face. The Do-khyi or "nomad" type is leaner with fewer wrinkles.

Dog Bred Information

31 Unique Dogs With Unbelievable Fur Markings (By Talltanic - Published on Feb 24, 2017)

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2014 Anna Haun


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    • Annie Wright profile imageAUTHOR

      Anna Haun 

      6 years ago from USA

      Yes, but not actually his photo but Tyke looks just like the photo.

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 

      6 years ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      Your avatar is really cute. Does the little Maltese belong to you?

    • Annie Wright profile imageAUTHOR

      Anna Haun 

      6 years ago from USA

      Alright I switched the hyena out for a different dog.

    • Annie Wright profile imageAUTHOR

      Anna Haun 

      6 years ago from USA

      Okay, I'm going to switch the hyena out to another breed, since I have no clue anymore, when I done research I had three different answers as to whether it was a dog / cat/ or another species. I chose the one that had the most everyone agreed, about from my research. Give me about twenty to thirty minutes to correct it.

    • Annie Wright profile imageAUTHOR

      Anna Haun 

      6 years ago from USA


      I'm not sure what species the Hyena as when I researched I found three different thoughts on the subject. Wild dog / cat and yet another said it was neither but I went with the one I located the most the wild dog.

    • Annie Wright profile imageAUTHOR

      Anna Haun 

      6 years ago from USA

      Yes but not a dog that you could have as a pet. They are considered to be a wild dog and research on them at this time hasn't been fully done. The Hyena lives in Africa and is a wild dog, hunts in packs.


    • JayeWisdom profile image

      Jaye Denman 

      6 years ago from Deep South, USA

      The hyena is not a dog--it's a separate species that is neither canine or feline, regardless of how it looks.

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 

      6 years ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      The hyena is a dog?


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