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Twenty Rare and Unique Breeds of Dogs

Updated on July 12, 2014
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African Wild Dog
African Wild Dog
African Wild Dog

African Wild Dog

The African Wild Dog is thought to be close to extinction since there are only between 3,000 to 5,000 left and they are only found in Africa. The adult weighs between 37 to 79 pounds with the pattern color markings of black, yellow and white. The female has a litter of two to nineteen pups. They hunt in packs which gives their kill rate around eighty percent. Their height is around 1 1/2 feet from the shoulders down.

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Alaskan Klee Kia

Also referred to the Miniature Alaskan Husky or the Mini Husky which was first breed in Alaska for a family pet. Their height ranges from 13 to 17 inches while females can be as small as 12 inches, while their weight is between 10 to 23 pounds. The hair is a medium length with moderate shedding. The life span is between 11 to 14 years while females have between 1 to 3 pups.

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Berger Picard

This breed the Berger Picard dates back to the era of 800 AD. The oldest French Shepherd that was brought over by the Celts, and is considered a rare breed. From the shoulders down, their height is around 21.5 to 26 inches. Weight varies from 50 pounds to 72 pounds This breed is a large dog that is used for herding.

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Bolognese

The Bolognese breed came from Italy somewhere around the time of the 11th or 12th century. A small breed of dog was very popular among the Spanish Royals and the courts as a favorite companion. Being only 8 inches to 12 inches in height, and weighing between five to ten pounds with long hair made them adorable pets.

Chinese Foo

Dating back to the Antiquity in China, the Chinese Foo was used to guard the Buddhist Temples. There are three sizes of the Chinese Foo, Toy Chinese Foo, and the Miniature Chinese Foo, which their heights vary from ten to fifteen inches but females can grow up to sixteen inches, weighing from twenty pounds to fifty pounds. The hair is short with moderate shedding. They have litters from three to six pups with a life span of six to eight years.

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Dutch Shepherd Dog

The Dutch Shepherd Dog is a loving dog with family but unwanted visitors will be stopped in their tracks. Family will receive a friendly welcome and family friends will also receive a warm welcome. This breed of dog originated in the Netherlands around the 1800"s and was a valuable asset with their herding abilities with quick reflexes. Standing at a height of 23 to 25 inches and weighing around 65 to 67 pounds.

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American English Coonhound

Many dogs were crossed bred in the Southern United States for trailing and treeing for hunters. The American English Coonhound is a very loving breed of dog, which is also very active. Their hair is short. Height varies from twenty-one inches to twenty-seven inches. Weight is between sixty to eighty pounds.

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Eurasier

During the 1960's in Germany this breed originated by cross breeding three different types of dogs. The dogs that were cross bred were the Chow-Chow, Wolfspitz, and Samoyed that were brought together to create this breed. Height varies somewhat in size, nineteen inches to twenty-four inches. There is a wide margin to what they weight forty pounds up to seventy-three pounds. The Eurasier is a large dog with long hair.

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Fila Brasiler

The breed was developed in Brazil which is also known as the Brazillian Mastiff, that is considered a large working dog. Due to the aggressive tendency of this breed the Fila Brasiler, it is illegal in the following countries United Kingdom, Norway, Israel and restricted in Australia. Males stand at a height of 27 to 29 inches and females are 24 to 27 inches. Males weigh between 90 to 100 pounds while females weigh slightly less at 85 to 90 pounds. Shedding is moderate with their short hair.

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Glen of Imaal Terrier

Iris decent does run through their blood but the direct origin is unknown. A medium size dog the Glen of Imaal Terrier stands at a height between thirteen to fourteen inches, and weighing around thirty to thirty-five pounds. Their hair is medium length.

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Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

In Switzerland in a remote and isolated area this breed was developed around the 300's, at first to be used as a large working dog. The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog has a history which includes pulling the farmers cart. At one point this breed was thought to be extinct until the 1900's. The dog is black with rust and white markings with medium hair length. An active dog but training is moderate to difficult, moderately unsociable and a fairly good watch dog. Males are 25 to 27 inches in height while females are 23 to 27 inches. A male weighs around 105 to 140 pounds while the female weighs 85 to 105 pounds. The life span is 10 to 12 years, and the female's litter of pups is around 4 to 8.

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Greenland Dog

Some 12,000 years ago, this breed the Greenland Dog originated in the Artic Region. Wolves were used as the father breeding by the Inuit people. Their height is from 22 inches to 24 inches, and they weigh around sixty-five pounds or slightly more. They are considered a working dog. The hair is a medium length.

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Hellenic Hound

The Hellenic Hound is a native of Greece that was first developed from hounds that the ancient Phoneticians brought to Egypt. This breed will do anything to save its master/owner and a true loyal companion. Children are the Hellenic Hounds favorite to play with. The height range from 18 inches to 21 1/2 inches, with their weight ranging from 35 to 45 pounds. Hair is short length.

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Jadterrier

During World War 1 and World War 2 this breed first appeared. A game manger from Germany was focused on the then extinct German breed of dog and pushing out all the foreign breed of dogs. The Jadterrier is extremely smart, a great companion but is mainly used for hunting. Stands at sixteen inches and weighing around twenty to twenty-five pounds.

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Korean Jindo Dog

The Korean Jindo Dog was believed to have originated on the Jindo Island, however; no written record has ever been located. Primary this breed of dog prefers to be with its master/owner and no one else. They stand about sixteen to twenty-three inches. A medium size dog that weighs around thirty-five to forty pounds.

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Leonberger

In Germany, it was established in 1846 by cross breeding three breeds of dogs. The breeds of dogs that were cross breed were the Saint Bernard, Great Pyrenees's, and Newfoundland, and the look that was achieved to resemble a Lion. The Leonberger is highly intelligence with a love for its family that is a true love. Height varies at twenty-one to thirty-one inches with a weight of about eighty pounds.

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Mudi

This breed originated quite unexpected in Hungary about a hundred years ago. Considered to be very rare breed. The Mudi prefers to guard the family but is a active, so it will need a fence in yard to play in that is safe. From the shoulders down it stands around fourteen to twenty inches and weighs about eighteen to twenty-nine pounds.

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Peruvian Hairless Dog

Dating back to 750 AD an ancient breed of dog, that the pre-Incas cultures made ceramic's statuses which actually resembled the Peruvian Hairless Dog. In all actual reality they do have a small amount of short hair on their head, tail, and feet. This breed is very sensitive to cold and heat so extra precautions should be taken. A very loving and friendly nature to its family, however; wary of strangers. Height is between 15 to 20 inches and weighing around 18 to 38 pounds.

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Saarlooswolfhond

A Dutch breeder attempted in 1921, to combine the German Shepherd with a wolf, which he was unsuccessful at first. Then later he achieve a rare breed the Saarlooswolfhond which was a hunting dog. Lives in the Netherlands which is rarely seen in other parts of the world. The breed has three colors, the wolf grey which is the dominate color from the wolf genes, the white color is recessive and uncommon, and the red color. Known also as the Saarloosa Wolf Dog, and has been used as a guild dog for those who are blind and used as a rescue dog but mostly it prefers to be a family dog. Height is around 27 to 30 inches and weighs around 60 to 100 pounds.

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Tibetan Mastiff

A very large dog that was bred specificity to guard families, flocks, entire villages, and herds. This bred of dog during sometime in 2013, this Tibetan Mastiff became known as the world most expensive dog since it sold for 1.5 million dollars.

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    • Annie Wright profile image
      Author

      Anna Haun 2 years ago from USA

      Yes, but not actually his photo but Tyke looks just like the photo.

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 2 years ago from The Beach of Brazil

      Your avatar is really cute. Does the little Maltese belong to you?

    • Annie Wright profile image
      Author

      Anna Haun 2 years ago from USA

      Alright I switched the hyena out for a different dog.

    • Annie Wright profile image
      Author

      Anna Haun 2 years ago from USA

      Okay, I'm going to switch the hyena out to another breed, since I have no clue anymore, when I done research I had three different answers as to whether it was a dog / cat/ or another species. I chose the one that had the most everyone agreed, about from my research. Give me about twenty to thirty minutes to correct it.

    • Annie Wright profile image
      Author

      Anna Haun 2 years ago from USA

      Hi,

      I'm not sure what species the Hyena as when I researched I found three different thoughts on the subject. Wild dog / cat and yet another said it was neither but I went with the one I located the most the wild dog.

    • Annie Wright profile image
      Author

      Anna Haun 2 years ago from USA

      Yes but not a dog that you could have as a pet. They are considered to be a wild dog and research on them at this time hasn't been fully done. The Hyena lives in Africa and is a wild dog, hunts in packs.

      Annie

    • JayeWisdom profile image

      Jaye Denman 2 years ago from Deep South, USA

      The hyena is not a dog--it's a separate species that is neither canine or feline, regardless of how it looks.

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 2 years ago from The Beach of Brazil

      The hyena is a dog?

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