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Types Of Lizards
Lizards are the most diverse reptiles on earth. There are nearly 5000 species of lizard found on earth. According to the classification system they have a following classification:
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Reptilia
- Order: Squamata
- Sub order: Lacertilia
They are then further divided into 20 families. There are many different types of lizards each differing on the basis of their size, color and shape, their habitats, their mode of nutrition, their methods of defense and some other factors such as: whether or not they are venomous or are they nocturnal or active at day.
However, all lizards share following common characteristics:
Types Of Frogs
Frogs are amphibians which belong to the order Anura of the class amphibia. They are recognized by their large bulgy eyes, their long jumpy legs, their slimy smooth skin and their specific croaks.
- All the lizards have a scaled skin.
- They lay eggs
- They are cold blooded i.e. their body temperature change according to the temperature of their environment.
- They are capable of autonomy that means that they can shed their tale when in danger and re grow it
- They generally have four legs with 2-5 toes at the end of each leg.
- All the lizards have a great sense of sight. Some lizards also have a third eye on top of their heads which helps them in determining whether its day or night.
They are also the most oldest as they are believed to be walking on earth for nearly 200 million years.
Out of the 20 families of this large group, few are discussed below:
Types Of Insects
Insects belong to the class Insecta of the phylum athropoda of kingdom animalia. The class insecta includes more than 1 million species of insects.
The iguanas belong to the family Iguanidae which is the largest and the most popular family of lizards. Iguanas generally live in Americas and are found in trees or even water.
Iguanas are large lizards with well developed limbs, long tails with spikes and dewlaps.
They feed on leaves and fruit and are completely vegetarian. Their mode of defense is the spikes on their tails which they whip when in danger.
Iguanas although appear dangerous because of their size, are harmless and friendly in fact they are popularly used as pets.
Some common iguanas are: Green iguana, Brown iguana, Marine iguanas and Green anole.
Since many iguanas live in water, they are very good divers and swimmers.
Geckos are small lizards belonging to the family Gekkonidae. There are nearly 2000 species of geckos throughout the world and they are divided into three sub families: Sphaerodactylus, Gekkoninae and Eublepharinae.
Geckos are popular for possessing the unique feature of producing different sounds. These sounds are used for communication and may be high or low pitched depending on different species.
Geckos are also unique in the regard of their special toe pads which allow them to climb any type of surface easily.
Geckos are mostly found in warm regions. Some common geckos are: House geckos, Mourning geckos and Tokay gecko.
Anaconda (The Largest Snakes In The World)
Anacondas are huge snakes belonging to the Boa family and are also known as Water Boa. The name suits them well, since they are the most aquatic of the Boas.
Rattlesnake is one of four venomous snakes. Rattlesnake belongs to the pit viper family. There are 16 rattlesnake varieties and numerous colors, with distinct shape patterns.
Chameleons are a special type of lizards which are famous for the fact that they can change their skin color.
These lizards are put under the family Chamaeleonidae and are mostly found in Europe, Africa and Asia. The chameleons have a large head and a compact body. They live on trees and feed on small insects which they catch with their adhesive tongues.
The chameleons change their body color because of various reasons such as temperature, self defense and as a sexual behavior.
It happens because of some special cells in their bodies. Some famous chameleons are: Veiled chameleons, Four horned chameleons and Common chameleon.
Skinks which belong to the family Scincidae are one of the most widely spread lizards in the world.
They are found in nearly all the continents except for Antarctica. They have a circular body with small neck, head and legs, some species are also legless.
Skinks mostly live on land and are either insectivorous or omnivorous. Some common skinks are: Desert skink, Striped skink, Blue tongued skink and Green tree skink.
Python The Large Snake
Python is a common name for Nonpoisonous snakes of boa and python family. These are the genus of very large snakes of the Boidae family.
Basilisks are large lizards which belong to the family Corytophanidae.
Basilisks have strong limbs and are famous for the fact that they are very fast runners.
When in danger they run as fast as they can. They have long tongues and mostly feed on insects. Some basilisks can also run in water.
List Of Famous Snakes
- Names Of Snakes
"Are you afraid of snakes?" was a question once put to a little boy. "Yes!" he replied in horror, with a shudder - and, no doubt, you must be scared too.