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How To Chose A Purebred Dog

Updated on July 7, 2014

Which Breed Of Dog Is Right For Me

The American Kennel Club has 180 registered dog breeds.The American Kennel Club is a registration service for purebred dogs. What this means is that both parents of the litter are already registered. Having an AKC registration on your puppy is not a guarantee of quality. Every breed of dog is required to have a parent breed club. For my breed Miniature Schnauzer the parent club is the American Miniature Schnauzer Club. Any reputable breeder will be a member of either the parent club or a local breed club. Breeders have to sign a code of ethics when they join one of these organizations. This means that they will breed to the breed standard.

Choose The Right Breed For You

Choosing the right dog for your lifestyle is something that should not be taken lightly.This means studying the breed standard set by the AKC and matching it to your lifestyle. There are seven different dog groups and each has their own purpose and personalty traits. If you pick a breed that does not fit your lifestyle you could develop serious issues with your dog.

The Herding Group

Sheepdogs, collie, corgis, and Border collies are members of this group they are not livestock guardians they actively round up cattle and sheep with frantic running, eye contact and aggressive barking. One of the more intelligent breeds that belong to this group is the ever popular German shepherd dog, which is most famous for its police work. These dogs require owners who are skilled at training and willing to give them “work” that rewards their instincts. Even though they are now mostly companion dogs these herding instincts are still strong in them.

The Herding Group

This is a great picture of the beautiful of the herding group the Collie.
This is a great picture of the beautiful of the herding group the Collie. | Source

The Hound Group

The hounds are the original hunting dogs. There is a great deal of difference both behavioral and physical within this group. These breeds originally assisted hunters in the field with either excellent scenting abilities. Scent hounds are bloodhounds, beagles and foxhounds. Today the bloodhounds are commonly used by law enforcement to tract fugitives or missing persons. Some of the oldest breeds are the speedy sight hounds such as the Saluki and pharaoh hounds.

The Hound Group

I always loved the Afghan hounds they are gorgeous .
I always loved the Afghan hounds they are gorgeous . | Source

Sporting Group

The Sporting group has some of the most popular breeds. These include pointer, setters, retrievers, and spaniels. These breeds are always in the top five breeds. The Labrador retriever and the Golden retriever account for nearly one-quarter of the more than 1 million dogs registered with the AKC every year. They are Alert, active and intelligent and have a good reputation for being among the best family dogs. They are often used as service dogs for disabled people and bomb and drug sniffers for law enforcement agencies.

Labrador Retriver

The Non-Sporting Group

The non-sporting group is the catchall group for breeds that didn’t seem to fit in elsewhere. They include the Bichon Frise, Dalmatian, Chow Chow. And the poodle. The poodle is the most popular of this group.

Non Sporting Group

This is a Schipperke who is a non sporting dog.
This is a Schipperke who is a non sporting dog.

Terrier Group

Terriers were originally kept to hunt vermin, especially mice, rats, rabbits, otters, stoats and weasels. Some Terriers were designed to go down the holes of the European fox and other agricultural pest animals in order to chase them out for the hunter, and the name terrier is from the Latin terra, meaning earth, in reference to the dogs going underground. today the majority of modern breeds developed from the old terrier types are pets and companions. A few are still used as working terriers, and some terriers are large enough to be kept as guard dogs.

Miniature Schnauzer

My dog Jimmy
My dog Jimmy

Toy Group

The toy breeds are mainly for providing companionship for humans which they have done well over the years. Toys range in size from 6 to twenty pounds. They are good for people that have small living spaces. They are very fragile and have a tendency to be yappy.

The Toy Group

The Pug is a favorite of many people
The Pug is a favorite of many people | Source

Working Group

The Akita (Japan), the Komondor (Hungary), the Portuguese water dog, the Newfoundland, the Saint Bernard (Switzerland), the Alaskan Malamute, the Bernese Mountain dog (Switzerland) and many more make this group a veritable United Nations of dogs. This group is a diverse group skilled in a number of disciplines; most working breeds are robust, intelligent and headstrong, often unsuitable for novice owners. Made up of guardians of livestock and property, police dogs, sled dogs and rescue dogs, these workers come in all shapes and sizes, from the standard schnauzer to the Great Dane. But for the most part, these are large, powerful dogs. Without the right training, some working dogs can be difficult to handle, even dangerous.

Woking Dog Group

This is a Komondor one of the working group of dogs.
This is a Komondor one of the working group of dogs. | Source

Things to remember when buying a dog

Always remember to buy from a breeder who is a member of either a national or local breed club. These breeders breed to meet the breed standard requirements. They always have their breeding stock checked for any hereditary defects.Any dog found with these defects will not be used for breeding purposes. Always expect to sign a contract with the breeder and always feed your dog the best food available for your breed.


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    • Eiddwen profile image

      Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales

      A great hub ;I wa salso proud to be able to say that we had a family min schnauzer many years ago now called Pepper. She was wonderful and bossed our Doberman around no end. She lived until nearly 17 years old and has left us with many happy memories. Great hub and I look forward to many more.


    • Judywritesathub profile image

      Judy Robinson 3 years ago

      I realize that good breeders are few hard to find. I myself feel that they are worth looking for. You will have a dog that looks and behaves like it is supposed to. Jimmy is nine and is just starting to have health issues. My last dog Smokey lived to be 16 he did have health issues but even when he got older he got lots of compliments on looks and temperament. I have a good source of help up here in Minnesota in the U of M small animal hospital. I can guarantee that the breeders that I know and recommend and are members of breed clubs are not in it for the money.

    • JayeWisdom profile image

      Jaye Denman 3 years ago from Deep South, USA

      Just want to let you know that the photo of your schnauzer, Jimmie, is not showing. Schnauzers rock! My female dog is a nine-year-old mini schnauzer, and I love her to bits! However, my life revolves around her health because purebred schnauzers are prone to so many ailments. She's had pancreatitis twice. She's now blind from chronic KCS. However, she also has autoimmune disorder, but that was caused by vaccination booster overdose reaction when she was three (before I learned that all those boosters aren't needed--now she just has titers and still retains all her immunity).

      I hope she is with me a lot longer since some schnauzers live to 15 or even 18 years old. If I ever brought another dog into my life, it would not be a purebred because they tend to be unhealthier. There may be some responsible breeders who screen out genetic diseases by not breeding dogs with problems, but I think they are few and far between...and how does one know about a specific breeder? Most breeders, while caring about their dogs and the kind of people who get their pups, are also very focused on profits.

      Mutts, as a general rule, are healthier because their genes are blended and the problem ones not as strong. While no one can deny that purebred dogs are beautiful, mutts have their own type of beauty. And all dogs are loving if cared for properly.