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How to Deter Rabbits From Eating Your Garden
No matter where you live, odds are there are rabbits running around your yard or neighborhood. Problems with rabbits can become enormous, and where there is one, you can bet there are more. Rabbits have a high reproduction rate and are capable of reproducing more than once per year. This means allowing them to stick around can lead to a whole garden infestation quickly. Unfortunately, there are not many plants that rabbits won't at least try once, however there are some plants that will work to deter rabbits from coming and eating all the plants in your garden.
Flowers Rabbits Usually Won't Eat:
Many young rabbits will try anything that is a new growth. They tend to nibble on anything their noses run into before learning which ones are tasty and which ones are not. This list is not all inclusive and not completely rabbit resistant, some rabbits may still try to nibble these plants.
- Dusty Miller (however at my house these are usually the first to go. My dad would plant them to deter rabbits, but for some reason these were almost always the only ones the rabbits would eat)
- Bleeding Hearts
- Day Lilies
These plants are ideally planted on the outer edges of gardens to deter rabbits from going any further into your garden.
Garden Plants Rabbits Avoid:
As far as vegetables and fruits go there are not many that rabbits will avoid. However planting onions, Marigolds, or Nasturtiums in the garden could help deter rabbits from coming in and eating your vegetables and fruits. Many herbs are also safe from rabbit destruction. It's good to remember that what rabbits eat here is not necessarily what they will eat at your house and vice versa.
Ways to Keep Rabbits Out:
Before finding ways to keep rabbits out of the garden, maintain your yard in a way that will keep rabbits from moving into your backyard in the first place. Keeping the grass and shrubs short and trimmed will keep them from burrowing and making homes in and on the edge of your yard. Rabbits will only choose places where they can ensure they will be able to stay fully covered from predators. Rabbits have over two dozen predators, so they will only stay and eat where they can be close to home or adaquate cover.
Keeping rabbits out of your garden can be hard, however putting up a simple fence just high enough that they can't jump over is the easiest way to deter rabbits. Rabbits are great diggers however, and my eventually dig under the fence to get to the plants. Creating rasied flower beds will also keep them from being able to burrow under.
If you're like me and are looking for something a little more eye pleasing you can plant the flowers, herbs, or vegetables that rabbits tend not to eat on the outer edges of your garden as a barrier. Most rabbits will not venture further in to find tasty plants.
Other remedies can be found in the following list:
- For individual plants you can use mesh poultry fencing or cones around the stalks (always remember to bury fencing to reduce the chances of burrowing underneath)
- Live trapping (apples and carrots work great, then you can release them far away from your home) If you choose this method, I recommend reading laws for your state or contact an animal pest control
- Natural repellents: These include human hair, chili powder, soap, or vinegar
If you Can't Beat Them, Join Them:
If you enjoy having the rabbits around and just want them out of your garden you can plant alfalfa and clovers to give them a food source away from your garden. Things such as bird feeders and water sources encourage rabbits and other wild animals to come and feed in your yard. When placing these in the backyard, plan the placement away from the gardens, but close enough to the house so that you can still enjoy them.
We started noticing more rabbits than usually when we started adding more bird feeders to the back yard. They were frequently eating the dropped bird seed, but also venturing to the vegetable and fruit garden looking for fresh greens. We started setting out old apples and carrots under the feeder for the squirrels and the rabbits have been enjoying those treats as well. Since giving the rabbits a different source of food away from our gardens, they have kept away from our raised beds and have not been eating our plants.
There is no sure way of keeping rabbits from destroying everything you plant, however taking small measures like planning what plants you wish to have and where to plant them could save you some hassle later. Keeping in mind what animals might like your plants, as well as how you can keep them out of your gardens can greatly reduce animal destruction and allow you to freely enjoy your garden without the need of having to replant and re-plan your garden beds.