Bats - The Flying Mammals.
The Flying Mammals
Many people have a mistaken belief about bats. They have been related with vampires, witches and the darker side of life. There are about 1000 known species of bat in the world, ranging in size from the giant flying foxes to mini bats no bigger than bumblebees.
There are only three of them vampire bats in the whole world. Fewer than one-third of one percent of all bats are vampire bats, the kind Count Dracula has taught us to scary.
Vampire bats live in south America, feeding mostly on the blood of cattle. Two of these species will only drink the blood of feathered creatures and the third type drinks the blood of cows and other large beasts, but only when they are sound asleep as they are scared of moving animals.Some bats eat fruit. Some eat frogs. Seventy percent of all bats devour mosquitoes, scorpions, grasshoppers and other insects.
Photo courtesy: Flickr
These are the world's most misunderstood creatures. But bats are actually reasonable, shy mammals that are particularly useful to humans. The bat is described as a mouse like night-time flying mammal of the family Chiroptera. It is a flying mammal with forelimbs changed to create wings.
They move through and hunt prey by echolocation. Bats are the sole mammals that can actually fly. In the Caves, the bat droppings can keep a whole host of ecosystems consist of bacteria, helpful in detoxifying rubbish things. These creatures able to eat more than 500 insects in less than an hour, as well as a huge number of flies, mosquitoes, gnats, beetles etc.
They are natural pest control agents. An impressive bat fact is one that makes farmers and homeowners love them: a single bat can eat up to 600 mosquitoes in just 1 hour! Most micro bats are on the go at night or at sunset. People are habitually wrong about is they think bats are blind.
The traditional saying goes 'as blind as a bat', but, in fact, bats actually have extremely strong sight. They can glimpse nearly as well as a human being, and while their vision is patently enhanced in the darkness, they can still see well. A number of bats even see in color!
Differing to misunderstanding, apart from good vision, bats have admirable strength of echolocation, so they do not get caught in your hands? Their wings are much flimsy than those of other birds; they can fly more rapidly and more precisely than birds. By emitting high-frequency sound waves and absorbing to the echoes (sonar), micro bats track down the target and other nearby objects.
This is the process of echolocation, an ability they share with Whales and dolphins. Researches also show that bats make all sorts of vibrations correspondence with others. Researchers in the area have taken notice to bats and have been able to identify some sounds with some behavior, bats will get the right after the sounds are made.
Wild Bats rarely pass along disease (rabies) to other creatures or human being and often risk their lives to share their food with less fortunate mates. In fact, Vampire bats take over orphans and care for them as their own! Their slow reproduction makes them in a weak position to extinction. They also, just like us, give food to their young by pectoral breasts until they are old enough to get food for themselves.
The common life-span of a bat is similar to ours as well as they can live up to forty or fifty years old. The greater part of bats could fit in the palm of your hand!
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Here are some other remarkable facts: Some seeds will not sprout unless they have passed through the digestive system of a bat - so fruit bats spread millions of seeds every year enabling many types of plants and trees to grow and bear more fruit. Also, like bees, some species of bats pollinate plants. In fact, some types of plants would not survive without the bats that feed on their nectar and pollen. Examples of these are avocados, bananas, peaches, mangos, figs and dates.
Most bats do not drink blood. Nearly 70 per cent of bat species are insectivorous, tracing their victim by means of echolocation. Others most feed on fruits and their juices. Some species even prey on vertebrates. These are the leaf-nosed bats of Central America and South America, and the two bulldog bat varieties, which feed on fish. There are two bat varieties are familiar for feeding on other bats. One is the Spectral Bat, also called the American False Vampire, and the other one is Ghost Bat of Australia. The Greater Noctule bat, is supposed to catch and eat small birds in the air.
The only enduring method to get rid of bats from a home and keep them out is: blocking them by bat-proofing. Bats often rest in dark, peaceful areas, such as attics and wall spaces. The entry points are habitually near the roof edge, such as under the roof space, soffits or loose boards, openings in the roof or vents, or gap around the chimney. Occasionally bats will settle at the back of shutters or under boards without entering the home. While the purpose is to seal off all of the actual and possible bat entry points, care must be taken to follow the proper procedures to avoid the bats inside the house.
Using chemicals to killing bats inside the house is not advisable. The use of chemicals only increases the chances that children and pets will came in contact with sick bats.
Not Aggressive Animal
Photo courtesy: Wiktionary
Bat is not generally an aggressive animal. But, care should be taken to avoid direct contact, even with evidently healthy bats. Strange behaviors, such as a bat trembling on the floor, or a bat flying in midday, is motive for particular care to get out of all human or animal contact with the bat.
Where they Live and What they eat?
Bats are subject of all continents except the Artic.
The normal habitats are caves, trees, and buildings.
The food of Bats changes according to the species. Types of food eaten by bats include insects, small mammals, birds, fish and the eminent and the blood-eating vampire bats of South America!
Bats have established a name as rabies carriers. Even though they can receive and transmit rabies, less than one per cent of wild bats test positive for rabies, according to the Organization for Bat Conservation. However most bats don't have rabies, it is a worthy idea to exercise caution if you are exposed to a bat. If you locate a bat in your residence and don't know if you have been bitten or not, it is a safe idea to begin rabies treatment as a safety measure. Bat bites are commonly painless and are so small that it is not possible to tell if you have been bitten, especially if you have been sleeping while a bat has been in your room.
Bats are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Chiroptera.
It was discovered in the year 1930s that bats use high pitched sounds like a natural sonar to detect food and navigate. All bats can see, yet bats have developed the use of Echolocation to find food when steering and hunting for food at night time. Bats create high-frequency sounds, and the echoes of these sounds spring back which enables a bat to build a mental map. Use up this mental map they are able to get out of the smallest of blockages whilst locating their prey. In just a split second Echlocation allows bats to fix the size of objects, their position, how fast they are travelling and even their texture!
More Facts About Bats - Vids
Bats in Amazon Search
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