ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Black Francolin

Updated on February 23, 2013

Francolinus Francolinus

The Black Francolin is a beautiful bird that belongs the to family of phasianidae. It's range is now restricted mostly to Asian countries from India and Pakistan to Turkey. Once it could be found in many parts of Europe as well from Spain until Greece. The only remaining European country that the Black Francolin can be still found is Cyprus. I decided to build this lens once I figured out that there wasn't too much too much information available on-line for this amazing bird. I hope you will enjoy reading it !

Image Credit:

Flickr user koshyk under Flickr Creative Commons


How do they look ?

The Black Francolin is a dimorphic bird, meaning that the appearance of the adult birds is different between males and females. The male Black Francolin justifies the species name as black is the dominant colour, mainly in the chest, with chestnut-red collar with golden brown wings at the back.

The female Black Francolin, has a more modest appearance - as it it is with most of the Phasianidae birds - with brown being the dominant colour.

A male Black Francolin

Image Credit:

By USDA NRCS (English Wikipedia) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

A female Black Francolin

Image Credit:

By Mahesh Iyer (Own work Inkscape diagram) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 ( or GFDL (], via Wikimedia Commons

Hummingbird Magic
Hummingbird Magic

This is a truly fascinating documentary about the lives of the smallest birds of our planet: the hummingbirds. Most importantly the documentary is suitable for the whole family and it is enjoyed greatly by children, as per the many positive reviews.You can view this with several audio options, like with commentary or musical effects.It will make a great gift for almost any occasion !


Facts about Black Francolins

  • Although is a bird capable of flying, it only flies when it is absolutely necessary.Black francolins prefer to slip away unnoticed.
  • They nest on bare ground. The breeding season is between late February to the end of June.
  • During the breeding season the male francolin can be heard continually from sun up to sun down with it's amazing creaking call. They usually sit of elevated places up to a couple of meters above ground and if you follow their cry you can easily spot them.
  • The clutch averages between 10 and 14 eggs. When the eggs hutch after 21 days both parents take care of the youngs.

The Call of the Black Francolin

A male singing !

The Black Francolin in Cyprus

The only remaining European population

The Mediterranean island of Cyprus is the only remaining European country with Black Francolin populations. In the past, and according to travellers during the Middle Ages and the 1700's the bird could be found in great numbers and was considered as one of the commonest birds of Cyprus.

Later,hunting and restriction it's breeding zones lead to a decline in its populations. To my surprise though, in the past few years and as per my observation,Black Francolin populations are on the rise ! The last few years this majestic black pheasant has returned to the coastal areas of the island and it is very common where I reside. In addition, it seems that the bird has no problem with establishing populations near residential areas or where human presence is very intense,despite the fact that it is still a game bird in Cyprus (a quota of 1 bird per hunting session per hunter applies - from October to January).

A bold bird !

Black Francolins have established a population in the University of Cyprus main campus in the last few years ! The males can be heard and seen all day long from February to July !

Even more Black Francolin videos !

Sign the guestbook here ! - All comments,suggestions and criticism are welcome !

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Excellent lens. I wasn't aware that this bird still exists in Cyprus. I thought it disappeared after the vigorous hunting mania of the inhabitants. Thanks for sharing this valuable info:-)


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)