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Updated on October 10, 2014

Bluefish Information

This page includes bluefish information, fishing techniques, recipes, t shirts, gifts, photos and more.

Bluefish are an exciting gamefish. They are found all along the USA Atlantic Coast, from Maine to Florida.

The fish are voracious feeders and are known for their sharp teeth and ability to demolish even the strongest tackle.

Bluefish are caught with cut bait, live baits, artificial lures and even with saltwater fly fishing gear.


Bluefish are abundant along the North American Atlantic Coast, from Canada to North Carolina. The species is known to gather in schools that cover an area of ocean equivalent to 10,000 football fields.

Bluefish make up a major part of the diet of shortfin mako shark (about 77.5%). Makos consume between 4.3 and 14.5 % of the bluefish resource between Georges Bank and Cape Hatteras.

Bluefish also inhabit waters off the east coast of South America, from the Azores to Portugal and south to the Cape of Good Hope in Africa, and in the Mediterranean and Black seas.

Trolling Rigs and Techniques for Bluefish

A few saltwater fishing lures are considered to be essential for catching bluefish along the Atlantic Coast of the USA. These include umbrella rigs, tandem rigs, parachute jigs, bucktail jigs, cedar plugs, spoons, and plugs.


This family of lures have a wide variety of applications in saltwater fishing. Jigs are available in sizes for any fishing situation, with the most popular lure weights ranging from 3/8 oz. to monster jigs of 16 oz. or more. Lead head jigs are divided into 2 basic categories; bare hooks and skirted lures. Both types of jigs are standard equipment for catching striped bass and bluefish.

Skirted jigs usually have a painted head and are dressed with a body made of deer hair (called bucktail), feathers or synthetic materials. These jigs can be fished alone or combined with soft plastics or natural strip baits such as pork rinds, squid, bloodworms, fish belly, eel skins, cut crab or other local options.

Bare jigs are meant to accommodate soft plastic bodies or in some cases natural baits. A myriad of soft plastic bodies are available, including designs that mimic shad, herring, bunker, silversides, eels, ballyhoo and other species of baitfish.

Parachute jigs are popular for catching large bluefish. These special jigs are characterized by their large sizes and unique skirts. The jigs have synthetic hair, tied in reverse so as to create a "parachute" shape when trolled or jigged. Parachute jigs are usually dressed with large plastic shad bodies.

Fly Fishing for Bluefish

Along the USA east coast, bluefish can be found along shorelines, inlets, jetties, beaches and areas where rips form such as sharp bends or channel edges. Many of these locations are ideal for shorebound fly fishermen. Other fly fishing opportunities exist for boaters, including areas where bluefish congregate in large numbers. Bluefish often work bait the surface and their location given away by birds or when their backs or tails appear above the surface. Other fly anglers can anchor and chum with ground menhaden or mackerel in order to bring bluefish within casting range.

USA Bluefish Regulations

The Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission and the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council jointly manage bluefish through Amendment 1 to the Bluefish FMP (1998). The Amendment includes commercial and recreational management programs, as well as a rebuilding schedule to achieve a fully restored biomass prior to the rebuilding deadline of 2010. The commercial fishery is controlled through state-specific quotas, while the recreational fishery is constrained by a maximum possession limit.

source: asmfc


Dr. Jim Wright shows you why Virginia Beach is the "Bluefish Capital of the World." Bluefish are the number one sought after species by charter boats on the entire East Coast. They are great fighters that result in some great eating! This DVD program teaches: how to find them, rigs, bait & tackle, fillet tips & great tasting recipies.


Live Baits for Bluefish

Live baits for bluefish include spot, menhaden, mullet, minnows, perch, eels, shrimp and other baits. These vary with season and location. Fishermen choose live baits depending on availability and personal preference. Some anglers will find live baits in local tackle shops while others need to catch their own.

A small cast net or seine can be a great asset for anglers that need live bait fish. Another possibility is a fish trap, which is baited and left overnight.

Perhaps the easiest way to catch bait is with a sabiki rig. This special leader features a daisy chain of small lures. Anglers sometimes bait the sabiki hooks with tiny bits of bloodworm as an added attractant. The rig is then slowly worked along the bottom near pilings or over structure. The rig will catch spot, perch, herring and even silversides or other species of minnows.

Broiled Bluefish Parmesan

A delicious Fresh Seafood recipe!

Broiled Bluefish Parmesan

2 pounds bluefish fillets

2 tablespoons lemon juice

1/2 cup grated Parmesan cheese

3 tablespoons mayonnaise

1/4 teaspoon salt

1/4 cup butter, room temperature

3 green onions, chopped

thinly sliced lemon and parsley for garnish, optional

Place fillets in a single layer on a greased baking dish or broiler

pan; brush with lemon juice.

Combine Parmesan cheese, mayonnaise, salt, butter, and green onions in

a small bowl; set aside.

Broil flounder fillets 4 to 6 minutes, or until fish flakes easily

with a fork. Remove from oven; spread with cheese


Broil about 30 seconds longer, or until cheese is lightly browned and bubbly.

Garnish with sliced lemon and parsley if desired.

Serves 6 to 8.


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      PalmfishingAustralia 9 years ago

      In Australia we call them Tailor and yep voracious feeders. They'll hit most lures and baits. thats a nice fish you hold of.