The Recently Extinct Bubal Hartebeest
The Bubal Hartebeest Is yet another sad case of overhunting leading to extinction. The animal was a type of antelope that inhabited the African nations of Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. By the beginning of the 20th century, the population of Bubal Hartebeest was almost completely depleted.
This rare 1895 photograph is of a female Bubal Hartebeest taken in London Zoo. The animal lived in the zoo from October 4, 1883 until its death on April 27, 1897.
Photo courtesy listsoplenty.com
The name Hartebeest is an Afrikaans word (originally spelled hertebeest) which means deer. The Bubal Hartebeest stood at around 4ft at the shoulder. It also had lyre-shaped horns. The Bubal Hartebeest is believed to have once lived in Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. It may also have resided in the Middle East. The Hartebeest was once domesticated by Egyptians and was used as a sacrificial animal. Its horns in tombs at Abadiyeh indicated its importance as a food source and in mythology. It is even mentioned in the Old Testament under the name Yachmur (1 Kings 4:23). Starting in the 1900s the Bubal Hartebeest could only be found in Algeria and the Moroccan High Atlas. French people who resided in Morocco had shot these animals for fun, and for hunting, which kill large herds of them out. Many Hartebeests were captured and were kept alive, but they eventually died out. In 1923, a Bubal Hartebeest female that died in a Paris Zoo is believed to have been that last one remaining.
The last captive Bubal died in Paris in 1923.