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Bubal Hartebeest

Updated on September 8, 2014

The Recently Extinct Bubal Hartebeest

The Bubal Hartebeest Is yet another sad case of overhunting leading to extinction. The animal was a type of antelope that inhabited the African nations of Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. By the beginning of the 20th century, the population of Bubal Hartebeest was almost completely depleted.

This rare 1895 photograph is of a female Bubal Hartebeest taken in London Zoo. The animal lived in the zoo from October 4, 1883 until its death on April 27, 1897.

Photo courtesy


The name Hartebeest is an Afrikaans word (originally spelled hertebeest) which means deer. The Bubal Hartebeest stood at around 4ft at the shoulder. It also had lyre-shaped horns. The Bubal Hartebeest is believed to have once lived in Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. It may also have resided in the Middle East. The Hartebeest was once domesticated by Egyptians and was used as a sacrificial animal. Its horns in tombs at Abadiyeh indicated its importance as a food source and in mythology. It is even mentioned in the Old Testament under the name Yachmur (1 Kings 4:23). Starting in the 1900s the Bubal Hartebeest could only be found in Algeria and the Moroccan High Atlas. French people who resided in Morocco had shot these animals for fun, and for hunting, which kill large herds of them out. Many Hartebeests were captured and were kept alive, but they eventually died out. In 1923, a Bubal Hartebeest female that died in a Paris Zoo is believed to have been that last one remaining.

The last captive Bubal died in Paris in 1923.

Recent Animal Extinction Clip


Any Thoughts on This Hub? - Feel free to comment here. Thanks for visiting.

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    • profile image

      MarcellaCarlton 3 years ago

      Never have heard of one of these before. It looks like a beautiful animal. Too bad they are extinct, but I did have fun reading this lens.

    • profile image

      rsmith0980 5 years ago

      It's so sad to see this beautiful looking animal being hunted to extinction.

      Rob from USB microsscope Site

    • Blackspaniel1 profile image

      Blackspaniel1 5 years ago

      Animals are so photogenic. Nice images.

    • Franksterk profile image

      Frankie Kangas 6 years ago from California

      Thank you for writing about Bubal Hartebeest. I had never heard of them. Lenses like this help to make people more aware of our habit of killing and overrunning animals into extinction. Angel Blessings. Bear hugs, Frankster

    • LabKittyDesign profile image

      LabKittyDesign 7 years ago

      Another example: California Grizzly. Last one killed in 1912.

    • catbehaviors profile image

      catbehaviors 7 years ago

      They were interesting looking creatures. I wish that there were still some roaming free. You never know, there may be!