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Dalmatian, spotted carriage dog, originally kept in stables. It is active and muscular, a good runner and a fine watch dog. Dalmatians were often seen riding on fire engines as mascots of firemen.
Its colour should be pure white, with distinct round black or liver-coloured spots, bold and evenly distributed over its body. The spots vary in size. Dalmatian puppies are born pure white, and their spots appear when they are about one month old. The spots on the head, tail, and limbs are smaller than those on the rest of the body.
Its other points are: head long, with a flat skull, and quite free from wrinkles; muzzle long and powerful; eyes set fairly wide apart, bright and intelligent, black or dark brown in the black-spotted variety, yellow or bright brown in the liver-spotted variety; ears thin, well spotted and medium sized; carried close to the head; nose black or dark brown, according to its other markings; forelegs perfectly straight; hind legs with hocks well let down; feet round and cat-like; tail well spotted, long and tapering, carried with an upward curve; coat short, thick, and glossy.
The exact ancestry of the Dalmatian is unknown, but it is believed that the breed may have been developed several hundred years ago in Dalmatia, which is now a part of Yugoslavia.