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Electric Fences For Dogs Explained

Updated on June 7, 2014

Comfort and security with a invisible dog fence

Every pet owner who has a yard or garden probably considers some form of fencing at one point or another. A electric dog fence is a cheap and more effective solution than a physical fence of any sort.

Dogs are smart (and pretty good diggers) and for some dogs, a wooden, wire or even stone fence is simply a obstacle that needs to be overcome.

Finding a hole in the physical boundary can easily become a stimulating game, and even an obsession with some dogs. This is where a electric fence for dogs can help to make your and your pet's life calmer.

Even if you have a effective real boundary in place, installing a wireless or underground dog fence will keep your dogs from trying to go under, over or around it.

You can also use these types of invisible pet fences to limit access to specific areas on your property such as the pool, or the veggie garden.

Image by morguefile, dogtek

In-ground and wireless dog perimeter systems

Underground Dog Fence Systems

There are two types of invisible dog fence: wireless systems and wired kits. A wired pet fence offers many advantages such as expansion of the containment area and custom arrangement of fencing areas which allows you to set restriction areas within the main boundary.

The wired versions are called "underground dog fence" but in reality you don't have to bury the wire. If you know the wire won't be stepped or driven on, you can simply lay it out on the ground. I recommend you bury it though for security reasons and by burying it, you really achieve a invisible pet fence which does not clutter your yard.

As with all systems, you will need to train your dog so that it learns where the fence is. This is a quick process which normally takes less than a week after which your dog will not approach the electric fence area which triggers the collar.

One of the highest rated dog fence kits is SportDOG In-Ground Fence System which is a high-capacity dog fence for up to 100 acres.

Best dog collar by Cesar

Even if you install a invisible perimeter fence for dogs, you still need to exercise and stimulate your dog by activities and taking walks with it. Cesar's dog collar is exceptional in that it effectively gets you the response you want by optimizing collar pressure points.

Illusion Dog Collar & Leash Set: By Dog Whisperer Cesar Millan (Medium Red)
Illusion Dog Collar & Leash Set: By Dog Whisperer Cesar Millan (Medium Red)

Use this collar only on dogs that have at least a 13 inch neck base and weights more than 18 lbs


Wireless Dog Fence and Containment Systems

If you don't want to bury a perimeter wire, then a wireless dog fence will provide the same level of containment effectivity but with a circular area. The dog collar reacts to the signal from the wireless transmitter and this signal radiates equally in all directions. Your containment area will therefore be a circle around the base station.

Havahart Wireless Fence

A wireless pet fence is extremely easy to use and installation is merely a matter of plugging it in to a wall socket. Simply place the transmitter in the middle of the property and switch it on.

You now have a invisible dog fence which keeps your pet inside the containment area.

If you want to be able to customize the fence boundary, and set internal off-limit regions, then you will want to use a underground dog fence.

Wireless fences for dogs are very popular because of the simplicity of installation and use. Wireless systems from Havahart and PetSafe also fit the bill if you are looking for a portable dog fence.

PetSafe Wireless Pet Containment SystemBUY NOW

Havahart 400ft Big Wireless Dog FenceBUY NOW

PawzAway Instant Barrier Small Area ProtectionBUY NOW

Small dogs have small necks and can't carry much weight. PetSafe makes a small dog electric fence which has a ultra-light collar that weighs merely 2.7 ounces and fits necks of 6 to 26 inches.

Like all wire dog fences, the wire can be buried a coupe of inches or be laid out directly on the ground. Remember to place out the flags marking the wire so your pet knows where the boundary is.

Innotech smart electrinic dog fence
Innotech smart electrinic dog fence

Innotek Dog Fence and Training Kit

One of the few kits for sale that also come with a wireless pet training handset is the Innotek dog fence. There are several levels of correction and the system also offers just a sound warning.

The Innotek UltraSmart underground pet fence comes with 500 feet of wire but you can purchase additional wire and expand the containment area to 25 acres.

Innotek have several different pet containment systems on sale and there are a lot of accessories you can buy which are compatible between the different kits.

A affordable dog containment system for sale is the electronic small pet fence by DogTek.

Even though it is cheaper than most other systems this invisible pet fence offers the same features as more expensive systems. The collar has eight levels of correction and the complete kit is delivered with 330 feet of wire. Buyer ratings are pretty good on this system which also has both warning and correction zones.

Training Your Dog with a Wireless Dog Fence

Here is a video presentation that explains how to use a invisible dog fence. Pay attention to the instructions on how to train your pet with the dog fence.

Skyline Roaming Dog Trolly With Tie Out Wire

If you decide that a electric dog fence is not for you, another excellent option is to use a tie out wire which lets the pet freely roam the length of the wire. A trolly wire is the cheapest alternative you can choose to allow your dog to spend time in the yard without supervision.

Boss Pet - Prestige 100ft Skyline Trolly
Boss Pet - Prestige 100ft Skyline Trolly

100 feet of sturdy wire tether. Suitable for medium sized dogs up to 60 pound.


Let me know if there is anything related to dog perimeter fences that I should add.

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    • mrkensworld profile image

      mrkensworld 5 years ago

      Our dogs now don't really want to make a run for it so that's good.. One will but she comes right back. Thanks for the information!

    • kindoak profile image

      kindoak 5 years ago

      @Bill Armstrong: Actually the collar is almost never in use. The dog learns very quickly where the fence border is and will not stray close. Better to let them loose in the garden, with a invisible border than having them inside all day just because they might lope off.

    • Bill Armstrong profile image

      Bill Armstrong 5 years ago from Valencia, California

      Hmmm interesting, wonder how a survey would go with dog lovers on this product?

    • profile image

      Joan4 5 years ago

      The underground fences are so very nice and wonderful for the dogs too!

    • profile image

      RinchenChodron 5 years ago

      Great idea for a lens.

    • MartieG profile image

      MartieG aka 'survivoryea' 5 years ago from Jersey Shore

      Nice lens- our neighbor has one of these and it works great with his large dog! :>)

    • profile image

      Gail47 5 years ago

      Good idea, except we have no need at this time.