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How to Choose the Dog Breed for You- About the Golden Retriever

Updated on April 9, 2013

Golden Retriever Puppy

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History

This breed was made to retrieve. Early retrievers bred with the best water spaniels gave us the the gun dogs needed in Scotland in the mid eighteenth century, when it was covered in small bodies of water.

Key
Characteristics
Class
Gundog
Weight
65-75 lbs. (males) 55-65 lbs (females)
Height
22-24" (males) 20-22" (females)
Coat
Straight/flat and/or wavy, dense undercoat
Color
Gold or whiteish
Lifespan
10-12 years
Other Features
 

Appearance

Head: The head, and entire body, of the Golden Retriever is completely balanced and well chiseled.

Coat: The Golden Retriever's top coat is somewhat wavy and waterproof. Their dense undercoat keeps them cool in the summer and warm in the winter, but is soft. Coats vary in different shades of gold, from light golden to some richer darker golden. As puppies, their coats are much lighter and darken with age. The top coat sheds slightly all year round, while the undercoat sheds with season changes (spring and fall).

Tail: The tail of the Golden Retriever is well set and carried level with the back. Their tails are usually fairly feathery, with longer hair being here than on their main bodies.


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Behavior and Intelligence

Golden retrievers are most noted for their loyalty, friendliness and intelligence. They rank fourth in the most intelligent dogs, behind the Border Collie, Poodle and German Shepherd. Not being a "one man" dog, and loving anyone who treats them nicely, they are an absolutely wonderful family pet. They are trusting, gentle and loving. They are noted for their patience with children and they have a major eager to please. They have been one of the most popular choices of family dogs for quite some time, and for good reason. Their unrelenting faithfulness and calmness makes them a really great choice for families with children of all ages. They're also fairly active and can keep up with adventurous people who love being outdoors and hiking.

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Health and Lifespan

Unfortunately Golden Retrievers only have a typical lifespan of 11 years. They commonly have genetic disorders and diseases. Hip dysplasia and obesity (because they love to eat!) are common for this breed. Adult Golden Retrievers should be on a somewhat strict diet of 3-5 cups of food a day. Another great calorie cutter for breeds prone to obesity is feeding them veggies in place of some of their regular dry food. Wet food shouldn't even be considered for dogs who have a passion for eating. Carrots, green beans, and rice are great substitutes that will keep your dog healthy and trim.

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    • tlcs profile image

      Trudy Cooper 3 years ago from Hampshire, UK

      I have had two golden retrievers and I would say that other than my hubby they were the best friends I have ever had!

    • afriqnet profile image

      Joe Njenga 5 years ago from Nairobi Kenya

      Choosing a dog can be a tedious task, but with the right breed information you will certainly make the right choice. Golden Retrievers are generally good dog breeds that make great family pets. I would highly recommend the breed to anyone. Thanks for your resourceful Hub

    • Cheds profile image
      Author

      Heather Henley 5 years ago from Buckfield, Maine

      Thanks so much!

    • KrystalD profile image

      KrystalD 5 years ago from Los Angeles

      I'm in love.....with each one of these cuties featured on your hub! :) I really appreciate how this is simple, visially beautiful and informative. You have a great series going with these dog breeds. I certainly am a fan. Voting up!