ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Watch Those Ears - How Horses Hear And What Else They Do With Them

Updated on February 3, 2012

A Horse's Ears

Unlike other breeds of domestic animal, horses almost never have floppy or 'lop' ears. (It does exist, but is a rare mutation rather than a breed trait).

Most horses have small leaf-shaped ears that may or may not curl inward slightly at the tips - these are sometimes called 'fox' ears. An Indian breed, the Kathiawari/Marwari, has such extreme fox ears that the tips often touch. Donkeys have longer, straight ears, whilst mule ears are somewhere between the two.

A horse's ears are located on the very top of its head. If a horse has dark points, then the edge of the ear is usually dark. Dun horses may have two tone or completely dark ears.

This Appaloosa knows there's a camera pointed at her.
This Appaloosa knows there's a camera pointed at her. | Source

Equine Hearing

Horses have very good hearing. They can, like humans, handle several sounds at the same time. When a horse focuses on a particular sound, he will swivel one or both ears towards it. The more interesting the sound, the more likely it is that both ears will turn (if you want to see this, rustle a treat bag).

The equine hearing range is wider than ours and their hearing is more sensitive. This is one reason why a horse may spook at something its rider remains oblivious to - they heard it and you didn't. Horses generally, as a result, dislike sudden sounds or high pitched sounds such as dog whistles. The cup-like shape of the equine ear is part of what makes their hearing so much better than ours, and their ability to turn and move their ears helps them locate the sound.

A horse that is grazing and hears something will stop chewing and may raise its head, ears swiveling to focus on the sound.

Some horses are more reactive to sound than others. A 'spooky' or 'flighty' horse is often one that pays more attention to unusual noises. For this reason, ear plugs are sometimes used on show horses. It is fairly common for racehorses to be equipped with ear plugs, as some horses will get distracted by the crowd noise in the final stretch and slow down. Ear plugs help them focus on the job of winning the race.

Horses, like humans, can suffer from age-related hearing loss, for which there is currently no treatment.

Ear Language

For humans, wriggling one's ears is a party trick. We have three muscles controlling our outer ears.

Horses have ten. The equine ear is one of the most expressive parts of the body. Much of a horse's mood is demonstrated by the position and attitude of the ears.

Flattened or 'pinned' ears are a sign of fear, aggression, or both. A horse that pins its ears at your approach is giving the same warning as a growling dog. Some horses learn to pin their ears to deliberately intimidate humans as a way of getting out of work.

Forward pricked ears mean happiness or alertness. They can also mean that the horse is paying attention to something or somebody in front of them. For this reason, people showing or photographing horses will sometimes make an interesting noise to get the horse's attention and bring its ears forward. It's standard procedure in the Arabian halter ring to keep a plastic bag in your pocket and crinkle it when the judge is looking at your horse.

When being ridden, a horse will often swivel its ears or keep one ear pointed back and the other forward. This simply means that the horse is listening to the rider, and there is a big difference between an ear that is turned towards the rear and one that is pinned.

Finally, floppy or drooping ears are a sign that should always be paid attention to. In most cases, drooping ears mean that a horse is tired and if a horse is falling asleep, its ears will often slowly dip. Drooping ears when riding may, thus, mean that you have worn the horse out and it might be time to stop. Drooping ears on a horse you are checking out for sale may mean it has been giving a sedative. Ace will often cause the ears to droop.

Drooping ears can also be a sign of unhappiness with a situation or overall depression. (Yes, horses can get depressed). Horses that are in poor condition may have drooping ears either because of muscular weakness or because of depression - if it's the latter, the ears will generally stand up straight just as soon as the horse realizes the hay isn't going anywhere.

I do remember one incident where I was getting a horse out of a stall. She was glad to see me, pricked her ears into the bridle, but then we got out of range of her stall fan and her ears flopped almost horizontal. It was very clearly 'Oh man. I didn't realize how hot it was out here. Drat it.'

Watching a horse's ears tells you what mood they are in and where their attention is.

Ear Health

Needless to say, a horse's ears are very important to the horse and the rider.

Age-related hearing loss seldom affects a horse's ability to work and be ridden. In fact, it's possible that the reason some spooky or flighty horses become quiet when they age is because they are going deaf and no longer hearing what was bothering them. Age-related hearing loss generally starts to become noticeable at about 15. It's possible to test a horse's hearing.

A deaf or hard of hearing horse should not be trail ridden alone, however, as they may not hear things coming and then may spook when they see them. Hard of hearing horses may also miss vocal commands given by a rider or trainer.

Horses can get ear infections, but it is very rare. Infections of the gutteral pouch can cause temporary hearing loss, but true ear infections are not common in equines the way they are in dogs and cats.

Far more common is parasitic infections. Ear mites often cause the horse to rub its head or ears, shake the head or become overall irritable. They are hard to properly diagnose as they tend to live right down in the ear and hard to treat. If you think your horse has ear mites, call the vet, who will sedate the horse and examine the ear canal. If mites are found he will recommend medication. This often only kills the adult mites and several treatments are normally needed to keep the problem from recurring.

Some horses are particularly bothered by blackflies or gnats around their ears. The best treatment for that is a fly mask with ear covers or wiping (not spraying) fly repellent onto the horse's ears before turning them out.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)