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Pug

Updated on December 1, 2016

Pug, smallest dog of the mastiff family, of Chinese origin and was brought to Europe by Dutch traders in the 17th century. Widely kept as a pet during the Victorian era, it became very popular in England during the reign of William of Orange, when it was known as 'Dutch pug'.

The pug is a breed of toy dog with a sturdy body and a flattened face. The pug stands about 11 inches (28cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 14 to 18 pounds (6-8 kg). Its tightly curled tail lies on the left or right side, and its ears are folded close to the head. The short, glossy coat may be black, silver, or fawn-colored. The ears are dark, there are dark markings on the face, and there is a dark streak down the back.

In 1883 the Pug Dog Club was formed in England and a standard was laid down, with the following points: body short, square, and cobby; wide chest; ribs deep and well rounded; legs strong, straight and well under, of moderate length; feet firm, with well-split-up toes, and nails black; head large, massive, round; muzzle short, blunt and square; eyes large, dark, lustrous and set well apart; mask and ears black and head heavily wrinkled; markings clearly defined; thumbmark on forehead, and back-trace very black; tail curled tightly over the hip; coat soft, smooth, short and glossy; colour, apricot or silver-fawn. There is also a black variety.

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