The Samoyed is a happy dog. He always looks as if he is smiling and is naturally a well-mannered cheerful dog, getting along well with people and more or less ignoring other dogs.
For many generations the Samoyed lived with the tribes of the Arctic, sharing their homes and their labors. His reputation (and work) as a sled dog made him the first choice of many of the early Arctic expeditions. Unlike some of the other sled dogs, the Samoyed is not quarrelsome and makes an excellent companion for children. Another point in his favor is that he never has a doggy odor and his long white outer coat remains clean.
Like other long-haired dogs, the Samoyed will shed profusely at times, but there is a built-in bonus for the Samoyed's owner. His inner coat, when brushed out, yields a fine "wool" that can be woven into yarn that is light in weight and surprisingly warm.
Despite his Arctic origin, the Samoyed seems quite comfortable in warmer areas. The same coat that allows him to sleep outdoors in subzero weather serves as insulation against the hot sun, although he is likely to shed his inner coat during warm weather.
The Samoyed is considered by many fanciers to be one of the most beautiful breeds, and makes an impressive appearance in the show ring or trotting on lead alongside his master. A number have done well in obedience training and they seem eager to do what is expected of them and learn quickly.
Standard of the Breed
General Appearance: The Samoyed, being essentially a working dog, should be strong and active and graceful, and as he works usually in cold climates, his coat should be heavy and weather-resistant. He should not be long in the back, as a weak back would make him practically useless for his legitimate work; but at the same time, a cobby body, such as the chow's, would place him at a great disadvantage as a draught dog. Breeders should aim for the happy medium- a body not long, but muscular, allowing liberty, with a deep chest and well-sprung ribs, strong neck, straight front and exceptionally strong loins. A full-grown dog should stand 21 inches at the shoulder. On account of the depth of chest required, the legs should be moderately long; a very short-legged dog is depreciated. Hindquarters should be particularly well developed, stifles well bent, and any suggestion of unsound stifles or of cow hocks severely penalized.
Disposition: Intelligent, alert, full of action, but above all displaying marked affection for all mankind.
Coat: The body should be well covered with a thick, close, soft and short undercoat, with harsh hair growing through it, forming the outer coat, which should stand straight away from the body and be quite free from curl.
Head: Powerful and wedge-shaped with broad flat skull; muzzle of medium length, a tapering foreface, not too sharply defined; ears not too long and slightly rounded at tips, set well apart and well covered inside with hair. Eyes dark, set well apart and deep, with alert, intelligent expression. Lips black. Hair short and smooth before the ears. Nose and eye-rims black for preference, but may be brown or flesh-colored. Strong jaws with level teeth.
Back: Medium in length, broad and very muscular.
Chest and Ribs: Chest broad and deep. Ribs well sprung, giving plenty of heart and lung room.
Hindquarters: Very muscular, stifles well let down; cow hocks or straight stifles very objectionable.
Legs: Straight and muscular. Good bone.
Feet: Long, flattish and slightly spread out. Soles well padded with hair.
Tail: Long and profuse, carried over back or side when alert; sometimes dropped down when dog is at rest. Tight curl or double hook is a fault.
Size and Weight: Males, 21 to 23 1/2 inches at shoulder, 50 to 67 pounds; bitches, 19 to 21 inches, 36 to 55 pounds.
Color: Pure white; white and biscuit; cream. Black or black spots disqualify.