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The Most Poisonous Snakes in India
Everybody is afraid of snakes. Humans don't know how to deal with snake poison. But of course snakes are just animals, and are themselves afraid of humans. Some snakes are poisonous but not all.
There are many misconceptions about snakes. The truth is, snakes don't bite unless you disturb them or frighten them. Like other animals, snakes are an important part of the food chain, and we should respect them for their position in the chain and for the work they do for farmers. Snakes are particularly amazing in controlling rats, which left alone can destroy a whole crop overnight. This is important because in India the main source of income is agriculture and many people depend on their farms for their livelihood.
There are many poisonous snakes worldwide, but we will focus on Indian snakes here.
The most famous and most feared snake in India, the king cobra is a large and powerful snake. The king cobra's skin is either olive-green, tan, or black, with faint, pale yellow cross bands down the length of the body. The belly is cream or pale yellow, and the scales are smooth. People treat the king cobra as a god in India.
Indian kraits are covered in smooth glossy scales arranged in bold stripes of alternating black and light-colored areas. Found in most of India, they have the generic name of Bungarus. Kraits contain neurotoxin venom that is 16 times more powerful than cobra venom. It quickly induces muscle paralysis. Victims may die of asphyxiation in a few hours if they do not get proper medical attention. The venom contains mostly pre-synaptic neurotoxin, which affects the ability of nerve endings to release the chemical that sends the message to the next nerve.
The Russell's Viper or Daboia has a triangular head like other vipers and rattlesnakes. Its head is flat and its snout is blunt, raised, and rounded. Its back has large spots with dark outlines.
The most remarkable thing about this snake is the amount of venom it produces. The symptoms of the bite are pain at the site of the bite, immediately followed by swelling of the affected extremity. The venom affects the blood. Bleeding, especially from the gums, is a common symptom, and the sputum may show signs of blood within 20 minutes of a bite. Blood pressure drops and the heart rate falls.