What Are Chameleons?
Chameleons are a highly distinctive species of clade lizards that have bird-like feet which are called their zygodactylous feet. Chameleons are known for their ability to camouflage with their surroundings. These good climbers and visual hunters often use their camouflage to hide themselves from their prey. Then, they'll strike!
I want to make you learn new facts about the chameleon, an awesome animal that uses its camouflage to get its prey and hide from predators. I will provide fun facts about chameleons, their prey, their predators, and every other detail I can get.
What Do Chameleons Eat?
Chameleons mainly eat insects, but some of the larger species such as the Common Chameleon tend to eat lizards and young birds as well as insects. On the other hand, the Jackson's Chameleon can also be seen eating amphibians that aren't hard to catch. The chameleon will use its tongue to catch its prey. All chameleons eat insects, but other than insects, there are some differences in a chameleon's diet.
The Tongue Of A Chameleon
A Chameleon uses its tongue to capture its prey. The typical chameleon's tongue is one and a half to two times longer than its body (not including the tail). Some of the smaller chameleons are abel to extend their tongues up to twice their body length. The reason a chameleon can stretch out its tongue so far is because a chameleon's tongue has highly modified hyoid bones, tongue muscles, and collagenous elements. These muscles also allow a chameleon's tongue to capture its prey at the rapid pace of only 0.07 seconds. With less than a tenth of a second for brace for impact, no prey will escape the chameleon.
A Chameleon's Tongue Can Do What?!?
A chameleon can use its tongue to capture prey in seven tenths or 0.07 of a second.
Chameleons have different predator based on their habitats all over the world. Some of a chameleon's predators are snakes, and birds such as long bills, shrikes, and coucals. In order to avoid predators, a chameleon will use its camouflage.
Where Do Chameleons Live?
Chameleons live in sub-Saharan Africa, on the island of Madagascar, southern Europe, the Middle East, northern Africa, India, and several smaller islands in the Indian Pacific Ocean. There are some Jackson's Chameleons living in tropical areas of the United States such as Hawaii, Florida, and California.
The upper and lower eyelid of a chameleon's eye are joined, and since a chameleon can focus on two different objects at the same time, chameleon's eyes have a full 360 degree arch of vision around the chameleon. Chameleons have great eye vision that can see insects from 5 to 10 meters away.
What Causes A Chameleon To Change Its Color? - The Main Factors
- Body temperature
More About A Chameleon's Color
The angrier and hotter a chameleon is, the brighter the chameleon will be, but if a chameleon is cooler and less angry, it will have a darker color.