Architectural Design of Hellenistic Greece
The great period in human history, full of courage and power, ended. Heroic wars, which came during the era of Alexander the Great, marked the age of influence and the dawn of human civilization. Its influence, which spread through various locations in the world, expanded like brushes of fires in the land. Alexander the Great with his immense power, courage, and leadership dominated the world with his empire that most people recognized. In the expanse of Alexander’s sovereignty, he reigned numerous empires including Egypt, Asia Minor, Greece, and Persia. However, his dissatisfaction with all his powers and realms made his journey to battle more kingdoms and the perilous world of India (Bosworth, 1993, p. 67). Alexander the Great with his immense name in most Hellenistic accounts contributed to the world of arts, leadership, and courage. Though Alexander the Great had stories of his own, his influential figure was distinguished by countless intellectuals and historians and his incomparable endeavors and his well-regarded supremacy and valor influenced the Greek arts.
The absence of Alexander the Great beckoned the Hellenistic Period. His immense death in 323 B.C. uncovered his heritage throughout the realms and territories where he ruled during his time (Bury, 1906, p. 24). His body was distributed to the different places where he ruled as a respect to his greatness and heroism. Alexander’s empire was turned into various kingdoms of their own and distributed kingdoms. Based on the historical event, that started the Hellenistic Era. In fact, when Alexander died, several empires ascended when the New Hellenistic began. Kingdoms grew in the Near East by Seleucids, Egypt by the Ptolemies, and Macedonia by the Antigonids (Boardman and Griffin, 1991, p. 23). Indeed, when Alexander died, several Greek city-states appealed to their freedom and made great alliances with other kingdoms to acquire that independence, while other smaller city-states struggled to hold their independence. Though kingdoms grew with their own kings, Alexander’s legacy that tried to establish after him influenced great Greek arts and its cultures today.
Moreover, the Greek Parthenon was the greatest symbol of pride and courage. Greek’s architectural designs bore a resemblance to its influential icon of power and sovereignty. The most enthusiastic collectors of Greek arts were the Romans, who decorated and contained Greek’s culture (Durant, Durant, and Adams, 1935, p. 164). Greek arts and cultures had lived in many ways. Indeed, some people could never forget how Alexander and his courage and pride conquered some of the worlds within his reach (Bury, 1906, p. 172). His Parthenon and the wall paintings were remembered today how such era of wars during the Hellenistic Macedonia inspired most Romans. Because of his leadership and intelligence, his art production succeeded through the regions. (Heckel and Yardley, 2004, p. 30). Greece and the Greeks whose people were totally enthused by power, wealth, and beauty were important. Alexander the Great became the greatest warrior and hero of all time.
In a nutshell, the Hellenistic Period subsided in 31 B.C. and shifted to the Actium battle. The Actium battle dominated the Greek time when Octavian became the tsar Augustus who conquered and held Marc Antony and his armed forces. Emperor Augustus established the Ptolemaic rules, which became the final traces of the Hellenistic empire when it collapsed to Rome. Based on the study of the Greeks, people should realize how Greek arts and cultures were sustained even during the Roman period. Because of its immense grandeur and pride, the Roman artists revived the insignia of the Greeks arts during the Hellenistic years.
Boardman, John, and Jasper Griffin. “The Oxford History of Greece and the Hellenistic World.” Vol. 1. Oxford University Press, 1991.
Bosworth, Albert Brian. “Conquest and Empire: The Reign of Alexander the Great.” Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Bury, John Bagnell. “A History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great.” Macmillan and Company, limited, 1906.
Durant, Will, Ariel Durant, and Alexander Adams. “The Story of Civilization.” Vol. 5. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1935.
Heckel, Waldemar, and J. C. Yardley. “Alexander the Great.” Historical Texts in Translation. Maiden: Blackwell Publisher (2004).