Meaning of Art
Introduction to Art
What is the meaning of art and how can I gain insight to the subject called art? Before I attempt to answer this question or start this hubpages tutorial I want you to quickly scribble down the questions contained in the “Teaser Game” section of this topic at the bottom of this hub in a sheet of paper. You may allocate scores on each of the question if you like. After, you can then come back to read this lesson and when you are through and can understand its contents well then go back to the questions you have written down and attempt to answer them. Open the lesson page again to check for the answers and give yourself scores. That way you will be doing yourself a great favor.
After this lesson, you should be able to:
- define and explain the term called ‘art.’
- outline the three departments and sub-departments of art with the aid of a diagram.
- explain each art department and the sub-departments.
- Explain fine art and applied art.
- List various materials and equipments involved in art production.
What is the meaning of art?
Art is the power, skill, ability and talent an individual possesses to express him or herself. Art is simply your acquired skill to make another person know and understand what you think and how you feel. Art does not entail only drawing, sketching, painting, singing, sculpting or getting engaged in any creative activity. To me I will say "Art is just another word for Expression" that is, being able to make someone see your mind.
For the purpose of better understanding here, I want to briefly explain what the term "Expression" means.
“Expression” in mine own 'personal dictionary,' is that idea or information that one wants to pass or reflect to the other person, group, race or community. The truth is that you don't have to be a professional to be identified as an artist. That is why we find many even as novice in the field of art who are engaged in art and antiques collection.
Now ideas conceived in the human minds do find their ways in many forms. For example, if I enter the classroom one day and begin to dance around I am sure my students will not need a prophet to tell them that I am happy. I may even find some among them who will dance along and ... hip-hop the whole class will glow with happiness. This means that I have been able to convey and transfer the glory and message of happiness to the whole class.
If on the other hand, I just enter and squeeze my face like someone who just came back from a war front, I am sure everyone will shrink and become cautious and behave themselves calmly.
So what I am saying in essence is that art encompasses all abilities to express one’s mind in a creative way.
Now there are three departments in art. The three departments are as follow:
- Visual Art
- Performing Art
- Literary Art
Over time there has been many arguments and both addition and extension of these departments. But if you study the subject critically you will discover that it all boils down to the resignation that only three art departments exist.
Art Departments Diagram
Visual is the type of art forms which appeal to the visual senses. As the name implies, it has to do with feeling of beauty and harmony one can be derived by observation and appreciation of the object of creativity. Such art forms include paintings, photography, ceramics, sculptures, drawings, body decorations (tattoo), textiles, graphics, modeling, fashion designing, industrial designing, etc. One major characteristic of these visual art forms is that they all possess the quality of appealing to the senses by their shapes, texture, colors, arrangements and forms.
Now there are two types of visual arts.
1. Fine Art – other names by which it may be called are decorative art, creative art and sometimes craft.
2. Applied Art – other names by which this may be called are functional art, commercial art, and industrial art.
Fine art is the visual art forms which are created mainly for decorative purposes only. They do not perform any other functions other than decoration and beautification of a person, environment or an object. Examples of these are: paintings, drawings, body decoration, etc. You will find most of these types in museums and art galleries. They do not have to be placed in commercial markets for sale save in the archives of very rich and elites of the society. Art collectors are always on the look out for these types of art forms to bargain for and add to their collections for future profitable sales.
Applied art in its own unique nature is the visual art forms which are created for industrial and commercial purposes. They perform both functions of beautification and usability in one way or the other. That is they spark an aura of beauty and yet perform a specific function. Examples of such are: textile design, graphic design, photography, ceramics, fashion designing, etc. You will always find these types of art in commercial and industrial environments.
Materials and Equipments for Visual Art
- Palette knife
- Sketch pad
- Cartridge papers
- Drawing set
- Charcoal pencils
- Drawing board
- Drawing table
- Light table
- Art brushes (hog and sable)
- Oil paints
- Acrylic paints
- Linseed oil
- Painting easel
- Canvass sheets or roll
- Donkey chair
- Calligraphic pen
- Black ink
- Color ink
- Rapidiograph pen
- Silk screen fabric
- Silk screen frame
- Textile ink (water base)
- Vinyl textile ink
- Carving tools
- Photographic camera (analogue or digital)
- Clay pigments
- Banding wheel
- Clay cutter
- Kick wheel
- Turning wheel
- Glaze chemicals
- Polymer sacs
- Dye pigment
- Hydrosulphite salt
- Caustic soda
- Sewing machine
- Tape rule
- Tattoo inks
- Tattoo set
- Plaster of Paris (P.O.P)
- Concrete cement
- Concrete sand
- Hand trowel
- Lubricating oil
- Foam sponge
- Plastic containers
Performing art is the type of art that has to do with television, radio and stage shows or the theatre activities. Unlike the other forms of art which uses materials such as pencils, clay, pen, paints, papers, etc., a performing artiste makes use of his head, arms, legs, body and other body parts as media for communicating his ideas and messages.
Performing art include: dancing, drama, music, opera, magic, jesting, singing, etc. Examples of individuals who engage in performing arts are actors, comedians, magicians, musicians, dancers, singers, instrumentalists, etc. These individuals usually have special attires worn in the course of demonstrating their art. This clothing is often called “Costume.”
Materials and Equipments for Performing Art
- Stage furniture
- Video cameras
- Musical instruments
- Lighting equipments
- Power plant (Electric generator)
- Oven and stoves
- Kitchen accessories
- Photo cameras
- Make up kits
Literary art is the type of art that deals with creative writings such as drama scripting, poetry, narrative writings, essay writings, music scripting and any other form of writing belonging to the scope of literature. For short, this art is nicknamed “the art of paper and pen.” The set of professionals involved in this literary art are script writers in drama production, journalists, musicians, poets, etc.
Materials and Equipments for Literary Art
- Music sheets
- Explain fully the meaning of art.
- Show the three departments and sub-departments in art with the help of your drawn diagram.
- In essay form, explain each of the three departments in art.
- What is the similarity and differences between fine art and applied art?
- List the various art materials and equipments which you have been introduced to in this lesson.
This is the end of the lesson. I shall soon come back and publish another hub on the viable, unique and interesting subject called art. But i want you to dictate to me this time by telling me in your comment what topic you'll like me to treat next. Your request must however be restricted to the subject "Art." Thank you and God bless you.
You may continue your study of art by reading this glossary of some art terms.