ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Successful Perspective Drawing in HubPages

Updated on September 13, 2016

Perspective Drawing

Structure drawn in perspective
Structure drawn in perspective

Atmospheric Perspective

Linear Perspective

All parallel horizontal lines meet at the horizon (eye level)
All parallel horizontal lines meet at the horizon (eye level)

Perspective Drawing

Due to popular demands from numerous good people of this glorious hubpages, I have decided to write this hub tutorial on the topic ‘Drawing In Perspective.’ It is a lesson for beginners and novice in the field of arts and design. I want you to read and fully understand this topic which will help you in your drawing career.

Behavioral Objectives:

At the end of this lesson, the students should be able to:

1. define the term ‘Perspective.’

2. draw an object in perspective.

3. state the two major types of perspective.

4. explain each type of perspective.

5. draw each type of perspective.

Equipments And Materials Needed

1. Drawing papers

2. Steel or wooden measuring rule

3. Set Squares

4. Drawing board

5. Donkey chair (for sitting while drawing)

6. ‘B’ Grade pencils

7. Lead pencil erasers

Definition of Perspective

Perspective in drawing is a law of visual art which implies that all objects of the same sizes, textures and colors seem to vary against one another as they recede from the observer into the background.

This implies that all physical objects seem to reduce in values in terms of sizes, textures and colors as they move far away from us whenever we observe them.

One day, when I was moving along a street with electric poles in a role beside a sidewalk, I observed the poles and suddenly I noticed the optic illusion which laid bare before my view. The poles! They are apparently not the same size, but common sense told me that if only I could measure each of them, I would find that they are all equal in their sizes. In the study of perspective and other related subjects like technical drawing and draughtsmanship this is what we call ‘optical illusion.’ The way we see things are different from what they really are!

Perspective Terms

In the study of perspective there are various terms which one should get familiar with for greater understanding of the subject. The terms include the following:

Linear Perspective - A system for drawing three dimensional space on a two dimensional surface by following the guidelines that all parallel and receding lines converge to vanishing points, and that objects appear smaller as they recede in space.

One-Point Perspective - A type of linear perspective where the sides of the object that are facing the viewer are parallel to the picture plane and the parallel lines that recede from the viewer converge to a single vanishing point.

Two-Point Perspective - A type of linear perspective where the sides of the object that are facing the viewer are at an angle to the picture plane and the parallel lines that recede from the viewer converge to two vanishing points.

Three-Point Perspective - A type of linear perspective where the sides of the object that are facing the viewer are at an angle to the to the picture plane and the parallel lines that recede from the viewer converge to three vanishing points.

Picture plane - An imaginary transparent plane that is between the viewer and the subject.

Horizon line - Also known as the “Eye Level Line”. This line is drawn across the page and represents the eye level of the viewer. The height of the horizon line changes depending on the viewer’s height. This changes the view of the subject.

Eye level line - The vantage point of the spectator.

Parallel lines - Two lines that are the same distance from one another.

Vanishing point - Imaginary points on the horizon line in 1 pt. and 2 pt. perspective. Receding lines converge to these points.

Station point - One of the two variables that control view in a drawing. This refers to a stationery point on the ground from which the viewer/artist observes the scene.

Receding - Moving away from the viewer. (Opposite) - Advancing.

Diminishing Forms - Refers to the apparent size of objects and how they become smaller when the distance between the object moves further away from the observer or artist.

Converging lines - Parallel lines that come together towards a single vanishing point.

Overlapping - - A technique used to create depth on a 2-D surface by placing one form over another

Foreshortening - The apparent reduction in the length or width of a subject due to the angle from which it is viewed.

Ground line - The bottom of the picture plane.

Orthogonal Lines - Imaginary or lightly drawn guidelines in a perspective drawing. They are usually the parallel lines that converge on to the horizon line.

Line of Sight - An imaginary line traveling from the eye of the spectator to infinity.

Overlay - A transparent sheet of paper that allows the viewer of a design to reference a drawing below it.

Sighting - An angle measuring technique in which the artist holds out a pencil out at arm’s length toward an object being examined to make comparisons.

Types of Perspective

There are two major types of perspective. They are:

1. Linear Perspective

2. Aerial Perspective

Linear Perspective

Linear perspective is a geometric drawing of shapes in which their parallel lines are drawn as converging in order to create an illusion of depth and distance. It is a perspective of objects drawn in lines.

Aerial Perspective (Atmospheric Perspective)

This is the type of perspective in which a technique in which an illusion of depth is used by painting more distant objects with less clarity, and with a lighter tone but near objects with rich and detailed colors. Another name for aerial perspective is ‘Atmospheric Perspective.’

To an observer’s eyes when viewing an object in atmospheric perspective, colors of objects which are near are richer than the colors of far objects. Go out there now and observe. Visit an open place where you can see some forest and trees. You will observe that the trees that are near you are more detailed in colors and textures that those far away from you. You may even notice that the vegetation that stands out very far are very pale and seem to have changed from the original rich green color. It is the atmosphere that has caused this and it affects the way we see things.

Evaluation Questions

1.                  What do you understand by the term perspective?

2.                  With the aid of your drawing materials draw out an object observing the law of perspective as you draw.

3.                  State the two major types of perspective and highlight both their similarities and differences in application.

4.                  Give detailed explanations of each type of perspective.

5.                  Illustrate with pencil and color each type of perspective.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • lone77star profile image

      Rod Martin Jr 

      7 years ago from Cebu, Philippines

      And in atmospheric perspective, more distant objects can become bluer or grayer (as at least one technique).

      Very nice overview. Well written! My own art has benefitted greatly from the use of perspective. One particularly challenging painting was that of producing the rings of Saturn up close. Understanding linear perspective was critical in producing a satisfactory result.

    • micadeolu profile imageAUTHOR

      Michael Adewale Olubode 

      7 years ago from Celestial Church of Christ, +2347067550237.

      This lesson is presented in hubpages for those who are new to the Art subject topic called Perspective. If you have any question or you feel I can help you in any way, feel free to contact me from my profile page. may you be blessed as you read and comment.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)