ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Artists Who Died Before 50: Jackson Pollock

Updated on June 23, 2016
PAINTDRIPS profile image

Denise has been studying and teaching art and painting for 40 years. She has won numerous prestigious awards for her art and design.

Source
Source

The Abstract Expressionist

Artists are memory makers… or rather, memory keepers. What we do is immortalize a time, an era, a community, or a person in a portrait. It is why the public is still fascinated with a little known lady captured in the Mona Lisa. It is why an era that lasted a little more than 11 years and dancers who only danced 2 years at best, are immortalized forever in the posters of the Moulin Rouge by the artist Toulouse-Lautrec. It is why the era of this artist will be forever remembered. This is the artist who was a major player in the direction of the artists’ movement that has remained an enigma even today. He captured feelings and emotions people did not think were there but when discovered they captured the imagination and jokes of the world.

I have to say it’s sad when anyone dies young, but doubly so for artists because there is so much more they could have done to make the world a more beautiful, colorful place. The sad fact is that artists feel deeply, all the highs and all the lows of life. That’s what happened to most of the artists who died young. They felt too deeply the pain of life. And some just succumbed to sickness, sadness and drug addiction before their work was done. Some just couldn’t take the rejection and short-lived popularity that comes with art and artist’s movements, like this one: abstract expressionist movement. This is the story of Jackson Pollock.

Lucifer, 1947.
Lucifer, 1947. | Source

Jackson Pollock (1912-1956)

He was born Paul Jackson Pollock. The major figure of American Abstract Expressionism, Pollock created his best works, his famous drips, between 1947 and 1950. After those fascinating years, comparable to Picasso’s blue period or van Gogh’s final month in Auvers, he abandoned the drip, and his last works are often bold, unexciting works. When the fame dies, the crowds thin and no one seems to want you anymore, it must be a very bitter pill to swallow. He died in an alcohol related car accident where he was the driver.

Autumn Rhythm.
Autumn Rhythm. | Source
Source

Volatile and Reclusive

He was regarded as reclusive and volatile, and he struggled with alcoholism for most of his life. The youngest son of five, his parents grew up in Iowa, but Jackson grew up mostly in California. Typical of many artists and creative types, he wasn’t very good at school and was expelled from two high schools. In 1930, he and his brother Charles went to New York City and studied art at the Art Students League under Thomas Hart Benton, a famous American artist. Later during the depression he worked for the WPA Federal Art Project.

Source

Do you think Abstract Art should make sense?

See results
Greyed Rainbow, 1953.
Greyed Rainbow, 1953. | Source
Source

Friends and Therapies

He tried many therapies available at that time to deal with his ever growing alcoholism problem and one encouraged him to engage through his drawings and painting. Although this seems to have helped, it is believed today that he may have suffered from bipolar disorder as well.

Through work done for Peggy Guggenheim and others, Pollock was able to marry and buy a wood-frame house and barn on the south shore of Long Island. He converted the barn into a studio, a place where he perfected his big “drip” technique of working with paint that gained him so much attention and fame.

No. 20, 1948.
No. 20, 1948. | Source
Source

Drip method

If you have never seen anything more than a photo of his work in a book or on the Internet, then you can’t fully get the impact of the “drip” paintings. It looks like the paint was “thrown at the canvas” but that’s not true. It was dangled over the canvas an allowed to drip in layers of color and texture. What you can’t see from a photo is the depth. The paint is so thick that in places it stands away from the canvas more like a relief sculpture than just a painting. It has a feel a little more like a root system in the ground than a flat painting.

Untitled, 1943.
Untitled, 1943. | Source
Fathom.
Fathom. | Source

Look deeper

Everyone should see the movie, Mona Lisa Smiles with Julia Roberts. In the movie as an art history teacher, the Julia Roberts character takes some of her students to the unveiling of a Jackson Pollock painting. The students aren’t very impressed until she has them get closer and there they stand, with noses near the canvas, admiring the depth of layers. I got to see a small Pollock myself in a museum in Dallas a couple years ago. I will never be the same. The photos cannot do it justice. Just as in the movie, I moved in close; as close as the sensors would allow without going off and sending security guards my way. And there it was: layer upon layer of threads of paint in colors and textures you cannot imagine.

Lavender Mist.
Lavender Mist. | Source
Source

How to look at abstract art.

My daughter-in-law was with me and watched me with interest. She later said to me that she just didn’t “get it” and couldn’t admire something that was completely abstract. She wanted to find an image in the chaos. I think most of us are like that. We want to make order where there is no order, to find hidden messages where there is no hidden message. It is gestalt. We want to see a flying eagle in the inkblot, when in fact, it is only an inkblot. With Abstract Expressionism, you aren’t supposed to find anything beyond the joy of color and the freedom to create chaos with wild abandon.

I continue to get further away from the usual painter's tools such as easel, palette, brushes, etc. I prefer sticks, trowels, knives and dripping fluid paint or a heavy impasto with sand, broken glass or other foreign matter added.

— Jackson Pollock
Convergence
Convergence | Source
Source

"My kindergartener could do that."

Abstract art isn’t supposed to mean “impossible to understand.” Just as the Impressionists were painting the mere impression of a landscape or sunset, the Abstract Expressionists were focusing on the expression of the paint, and not any subject. There is an emotion and feeling to just plain paint and color. They do have that “my kindergartener could do that” look about them but when you look closer you can see that there is planning and skill involved in the execution of these works, as well as the real emotions of the tortured personal lives of the artists. When you ask the question, “What’s it about,” the answer can be simply it’s about the paint itself, about the artist’s feeling about the paint, or even about the artist’s feeling about abstract art itself. The question is, “How does it make you feel?” It is just as honest to say, “confused” as it is to say “sad” or “happy” or “hypnotized.”

Source

My painting does not come from the easel. I prefer to tack the unstretched canvas to the hard wall or the floor. I need the resistance of a hard surface. On the floor I am more at ease. I feel nearer, more part of the painting, since this way I can walk around it, work from the four sides and literally be in the painting.

— Jackson Pollock
Source

Synthetic Resin-based Paints

It was all because Pollock started using synthetic resin-based paints called alkyd enamels, instead of the more common thinner acrylics. These enamels allowed for the build up of thin threads of line; instead of spreading out and thinning out, the paints stayed thick and round. It was at the peak of his fame that he abandoned the “drip” method of painting. After that his work became darker, using mainly black in something referred to as “black pourings.” However these didn’t sell. They weren’t what the public wanted. He stopped using names in his paintings and just gave them numbers so that the public wouldn’t be clued into anything and would see the paintings for what they were—pure painting.

Mural on Indian Red, 1950.
Mural on Indian Red, 1950. | Source

Died at 44.

It was during this time that his alcoholism deepened and for a year he gave up on painting, turning to sculpture instead. He died in a single-car crash while driving under the influence of alcohol. He was just 44 years old. One other passenger with him also perished in the crash.

Source

When I am in my painting, I'm not aware of what I'm doing. It is only after a sort of 'get acquainted' period that I see what I have been about. I have no fear of making changes, destroying the image, etc., because the painting has a life of its own. I try to let it come through. It is only when I lose contact with the painting that the result is a mess. Otherwise there is pure harmony, an easy give and take, and the painting comes out well.

— Jackson Pollock
Number 18.
Number 18. | Source

Tragedy strikes.

I appreciate the stories and struggles that artists have to endure to make the mark in history. Many times it is just a matter of being in the right place at the right time. I know that it seems like artists who are not very talented or who have no more talent than others who did not achieve fame did, however it is a lot of chance, happenstance and who you know more than talent most of the time. In Jackson Pollock’s case, he did know some famous people who helped him along the way, including Peggy Guggenheim, but even she couldn’t help save him from his own alcoholism, which eventually ended his career and life.

Ocean Greyness.
Ocean Greyness. | Source
The Deep, 1953.
The Deep, 1953. | Source

Buyer Beware

In 2002, about 30 paintings were “discovered” by the children of deceased parents cleaning out a storage area. They found what appeared to be Jackson Pollack paintings, before unseen. It seemed likely that these could be actual Pollack paintings. For one, he rarely signed his paintings and these were unsigned. They looked very much like his style. Second, the parents were known to be friends of Pollack and it was not uncommon for Pollack to give paintings away to friends without recording the transactions anywhere. Third, they appeared the right age and style for his work. If authentic, these paintings were potentially worth many millions of dollars. If fake, they were basically worthless.

The problem is that Jackson Pollack paintings are among the easiest to fake. He has become of the most faked contemporary artists. On top of that, these friends of Pollack were also artists in their own right. Authorities and a leading Pollock expert declared the works to be authentic. But many were baffled because these could actually be real Pollack paintings but how to prove it. Thank goodness, we have Mass Spectrometry on our side.

After examining the paint in 10 of the paintings, they were found to contain “Ferrari red” which was a pigment, which wasn’t available on the market until 1983. Another paint pigment present was a brown known to be unavailable until 1986. Since Pollack died in a car crash in 1956, it is unlikely that he used Ferrari red or the brown in question on any of his authentic paintings. All the paintings in the trove were looked at as suspicious then. Still the owners claim them to be authentic and the fight continues. Unless you love the style, I wouldn’t buy one of these suspicious works thinking it would appreciate over time like an authentic Pollack would. The chances are that they are NOT real Pollack paintings.

Source

Artsy comments welcomed

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • PAINTDRIPS profile imageAUTHOR

      Denise McGill 

      2 years ago from Fresno CA

      CorneliaMladenova,

      I'm so glad you liked it. I love reading about artist's lives. Thanks for commenting.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • CorneliaMladenova profile image

      Korneliya Yonkova 

      2 years ago from Cork, Ireland

      I have heard about Pollock but never have seen so many of his works. Look amazing for me. I adore abstract art. Thank you very much, Denise for this awesome hub! :)

    • PAINTDRIPS profile imageAUTHOR

      Denise McGill 

      2 years ago from Fresno CA

      Jodah,

      Fantastic. I'll run right over there and read it. I know what you mean about the price of things and people just not understanding art. Our city bought an Alexander Calder sculpture and there was a similar outcry. When I see children climbing on it I want to rush over and tell them all about it and to be respectful, but you know they wouldn't understand. Maybe Calder would be amused to see children climbing on his art. I think the sad thing is that Pollock never got to benefit from the high price your government paid, someone else did. Hmmm. Thanks for commenting.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • Jodah profile image

      John Hansen 

      2 years ago from Queensland Australia

      This was a wonderful hub and look into the life and paintings of Jackson pollock, Denise. I did not know for instance that he died before I was born. I really thought he was more contemporary...his art was certainly ahead of it's time and gave that impression. I remember the Australian Government buying one of his paintings "Blue Poles" in the 70s I think for over a million dollars, and the outcry from the community saying it was money wasted as they could not understand the value of such an abstract painting.

      Oh, I finally published the first hub in the series I told you I was going to do about Australian artists: https://hubpages.com/art/Australian-Artists-and-Pa...

    • PAINTDRIPS profile imageAUTHOR

      Denise McGill 

      2 years ago from Fresno CA

      Thank you, Larry. I appreciate your comments.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • Larry Rankin profile image

      Larry Rankin 

      2 years ago from Oklahoma

      I am familiar with Jackson Pollock's work but found this hub additionally educational.

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 

      2 years ago from Northeast Ohio

      Denise, always a pleasure. I hope so too.

    • PAINTDRIPS profile imageAUTHOR

      Denise McGill 

      2 years ago from Fresno CA

      Kristen Howe,

      Oh I hope so. I know so many people who just don't want to see abstract art because they don't understand the point. I hope I helped a little with that. Thanks for commenting.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 

      2 years ago from Northeast Ohio

      Denise, this was a great hub about Pollack's life as an artist and how he died. It's very interesting too.

    • PAINTDRIPS profile imageAUTHOR

      Denise McGill 

      3 years ago from Fresno CA

      Eric Flynn,

      Thank you. I'm so glad you liked it and got something out of it. I always want to help people appreciate art. Thanks for commenting.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • PAINTDRIPS profile imageAUTHOR

      Denise McGill 

      3 years ago from Fresno CA

      Thank you so much, Ann. I love stories about artists. When my dad cut me off back in the 70's (because I wanted to major in art and he wasn't going to pay for me to go to college to study something he was sure I would starve doing) I decided to read up on artists at the library. A free wealth of information there, you know. And I've been fascinated with the lives of the artists ever since. Thanks for commenting again.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • Eric Flynn profile image

      Eric Wayne Flynn 

      3 years ago from Providence, Rhode Island

      A good read, thank you Denise.

      EWF

    • annart profile image

      Ann Carr 

      3 years ago from SW England

      Fascinating. I knew of him but not about him. Nor did I realise he was that young when he died. Always a tragedy for the young.

      I love this series of yours and still have quite a few to catch up with.

      Another superb hub with lots of depth!

      Ann

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)