Biography of Pablo Picasso
Portraits of Pablo Picasso by Other ArtistsClick thumbnail to view full-size
Paintings of Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)—Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso—was an artist who was well-known and liked by his colleagues and other artists. Several artists, Vincent Willem van Gogh (1853-1890) and Rembrandt Harmenszoon (1606-1669) van Rijn among them, painted numerous self-portraits. I have never encountered an artist for whom so many portraits and sculptures were created by others. Showcased above are paintings and sculptures of Picasso by Juan Gris, Amedeo Modigliani, Paul Jünemann, Pablo Gargallo, and Ramon Casas.
Picasso's Early Life
Pablo Picasso was born in 1881 into a middle class family in Málaga, Spain. His artistic training began in 1890 under the tutelage of his father, Don José Ruiz y Blasco (1838-1913), an artist who primarily painted birds and game. Ruiz was an art professor at the School of Crafts and a curator of a local museum in Málaga.
When Picasso was 13 years old, he began attending the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona, Spain. In 1897, when Picasso was 16, his father and his uncle sent him to Madrid's Royal Academy of San Fernando, the most prestigious art school in Spain. Picasso stopped attending classes shortly after he enrolled because he disliked formal instruction.
Picasso's Personal Life
Throughout his life, Pablo Picasso had a number of wives and mistresses. I am not going to be discussing this aspect of Picasso's life in my article. Picasso's art is more important to me than is his personal life.
Do you own any original pieces of Picasso's art?
50,000 Pieces of Art Produced by Picasso
Pablo Picasso was a prolific artist who produced an estimated 50,000 pieces of art during his long career.
- 2,880 ceramics
- 12,000 drawings
- 1,885 paintings
- 1,228 sculptures
Do you own any reproductions of Picasso's art?
Picasso's Art Categorized into Periods
Picasso's art has been categorized into periods.
- Blue Period, 1901-1904
- Rose Period, 1904-1906
- Black Period / African-Influenced Period, 1906-1909
- Analytic Cubism, 1909-1912
- Synthetic Cubism, 1912-1919
- Neoclassical, 1920s
- Surrealist, 1930s
- Sculpture, 1940s and 1950s
- Mixed Styles,1960s and early1970s
Picasso's Blue Period, 1901-1904
Picasso painted monochromatic paintings in shades of blue and blue-green during the period between 1901 and 1904. The paintings, dark and somber in mood, were executed in Barcelona. Spain and Paris, France. Picasso was thought to have been influenced by the suicide in Paris of his friend Carlos Casagemas (1881-1901), a Spanish painter. Casagemas shot himself due to his unrequited love for Germaine Pichot, a woman who later became one of Picasso's models in his masterpiece Les Demoiselles d'Avignon.
All Blue Period images showcased below are in the public domain in the United States because they were painted prior to January 1, 1923.
Blue Period Preference
Of the Blue Period artwork showcased above, which painting do you prefer?
Picasso's Rose Period, 1904-1906
Picasso used warmer colors, primarily pinks and oranges, during the period known as the Rose Period. The paintings executed during this period are said to have a French influence, while those painted during the Blue Period are said to have a Spanish influence.
The subject matter for the artwork Picasso painted during the Rose Period is more cheerful. Circus performers, clowns, and harlequins are frequently depicted. The change in Picasso's demeanor—from depressed during the Blue Period to happy during the Rose Period—is said to be due to the influence of Fernande Olivier, a French artist and model, who posed for more than 60 of Picasso's paintings.
All Rose Period images showcased below are in the public domain in the United States because they were painted prior to January 1, 1923.
Rose Period Preference
Of the Rose Period artwork showcased above, which painting do you prefer?
Picasso's Black Period, 1906-1909
Picasso is said to be have been influenced by African tribal masks and the art of Oceania. His artwork painted during the period 1906 to 1909 is referred to by some art historians as the Black or African-Influenced Period.
Portrait of Gertrude Stein, an American writer and poet, and a patron of Pablo Picasso, was painted in 1906. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon / The Young Ladies of Avignon was painted in 1907. Tête de femme / Head of a Woman was painted in 1909.
The Black Period paintings showcased below are in the public domain in the United States because they were painted before January 1, 1923.