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Corrugated Cardboard Printmaking for Children

Updated on July 21, 2017
PAINTDRIPS profile image

Denise homeschooled her 4 children and has stories. She provided art lessons for many children in the homeschool community for many years.

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Not usually for children

Printmaking isn’t usually a craft for children. It is usually reserved for the seasoned artist wanting to create many copies of a single work of art. It has been done using many different mediums. Some believe it was invented by the ancient Chinese but this cannot be proven.

Albrecht Durer created intricate wood block print plates to be printed on a printing press and accompany the first printings of the Bible in Germany during the Renaissance. Using very sharp knives and gouging tools, he cut away from the wood all the areas he wanted to stay white and left raised only those places he wanted to print black. This takes a little planning, time and thought, because you have to think backwards. The end product will appear in reverse, so any letters or words must be designed and cut backwards to print forewords. I have included her a few wood and linoleum block prints I did in high school.

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My linoleum block from high school.
My linoleum block from high school. | Source
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Using sharp gouging tools

Printmaking has also been done using sandstone plates coated with a thin coat of wax. A sharp tool is used to scratch through the wax and expose the sandstone beneath. When the design is complete, acid is applied. The acid cuts into the exposed sandstone but not the wax. Later the plate is heated to melt away the wax and leave only the etched sandstone. The plate is then inked and the ink adheres to the etched parts and not the raised parts. Still the print will be a mirror image of the original design so again you must think backwards. These etchings were later done on metal like copper plates. The etchings are usually left in black and white although they can be later tinted with color.

As you can see these methods of printmaking are time consuming and take intellectual effort to complete, as well as skill with dangerously sharp tools. This has made printmaking rather unsafe for children for many years. In high school, I got to use linoleum blocks to make block prints but I still had to use some rather sharp gouge tools and managed to cut myself more than once. Even though linoleum is more child-friendly and accessible, it still isn’t advisable for grade school children. That’s why these methods are so welcome.

Cardboard block print by Silas, age 7.
Cardboard block print by Silas, age 7. | Source
Cardboard block print by student, age 8.
Cardboard block print by student, age 8. | Source

Supervision suggested

If you want to expose your child to some fun and different artistic expressions, you have to try this method of block printing. Creative and fun. Also they make great plates for printing on T-shirts and cotton fabric you may want to make into pillows or quilt pieces for later.

I suggest reserving this technique for children ages 10 and up because you still need to use a somewhat sharp knife to cut the paper. The edge of scissors will do but will leave a dint along the edges. Some supervision might be in order for the cutting parts.

Cardboard block print by Rachael, age 13.
Cardboard block print by Rachael, age 13. | Source

Have you ever wanted to try printmaking?

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3 layers: top, bottom and wavy middle.
3 layers: top, bottom and wavy middle. | Source

Corrugated Cardboard Block Prints

Cardboard is cheap and easily accessible in most empty boxes. We throw away so much, it always gives me a good feeling to be able to recycle something for the sake of art and creativity. Make sure the cardboard you choose is corrugated with three layers, like the one pictured.

Cardboard block print by Emily, age 10.
Cardboard block print by Emily, age 10. | Source

Materials:

Corrugated cardboard cut into squares

Pencil and paper for design

Scissors

Bamboo skewer, or knitting needle

Water-based printmakers ink tube, any color desired

Hard rubber brayer

Paper for printing

Newspaper or disposable tablecloth for easy clean up

Paper towels

Cardboard block print T-shirt.
Cardboard block print T-shirt. | Source
Cardboard block print created by me, age adult.
Cardboard block print created by me, age adult. | Source

Step 1. Prepare the blocks

The corrugated cardboard has three layers: the top paper layer, the center waffle layer, and the back paper layer. You can design something where you cut away two layers or just one, leaving the waffle lines. Cut the cardboard into squares just large enough to fit onto your chosen paper size. For instance, if your paper is 8.5 by 11 inches, don’t allow the cardboard to be longer than 7.5 inches on its longest side. That is so you have a margin when printing. Make sure you have not made any dints or dings with your scissors or fingernails while cutting, as these will show up in the final design.

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Step 2. Create a design

Have your child or student create a design he/she likes first on a blank piece of paper. Newsprint or printer paper will work fine for this. Use pencil to make your design so that you can erase and make it just right. I like to trace my block plate onto the paper so I know exactly the dimensions I have to work with.

Remember to keep the design simple. Details will not really show up well with the cardboard, so don’t bother with them. Also remember the finished print will be the mirror image of your design. If you put your name or your initials in your design, make them backwards.

Cut around the lines and pull off the paper.
Cut around the lines and pull off the paper. | Source
Peal away parts you don't want to print.
Peal away parts you don't want to print. | Source
Sometimes helps to get little pieces of paper off by using a wooden skewer.
Sometimes helps to get little pieces of paper off by using a wooden skewer. | Source

Step 3. Trace onto block

Once you have a design you are happy with, trace it onto the cardboard using a pencil or pen and pressing right through your paper. To be sure the paper doesn’t slip or move while tracing, you can tape it down to the backside of the block plate. You can stab holes to make dots if you like or just trace lightly. After you remove the design paper, go over the tracing again with your pencil, to make a definite design. All the lines you press will print white, so keep that in mind. Once all your lines are created to your specifications, you are ready to cut.

Cut the top layer of cardboard and peel away the paper where you want only the corrugated lines to show through. Then cut through the corrugated paper parts where you want nothing to show when printed. You can cut the paper layers of the cardboard using one side of your scissors or using a knife or X-acto blade. Once the parts you want to remove are peeled away you are ready to ink and print a proof.

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Step 4. Roll out the ink

I have seen this done with acrylic paint rather than printmakers ink before. To keep the acrylic paint wet long enough to work with (it dries fast, remember), you should mix an equal portion of glazing medium with it. Acrylic is what you would want to use to make permanent designs for cloth or T-shirts. Roll it out the same as with printmakers ink but work a little more quickly and deliberately if possible.

You can use a Styrofoam plate (uncut) or the logo side of a take-home container to squeeze out the printmakers ink and roll it with a brayer until it is smooth. I used a flat acrylic cutting board here and water-base ink so I could wash it with ease later.

Once the ink has covered the brayer smoothly, roll it over the block carefully. Remember the ink is thick and sticky and will cause the lightweight cardboard to stick to the brayer, so you have to roll it quickly and firmly. Roll several directions to make sure the ink is even. Now you are ready to print.

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Step 5. Print

Get your paper ready. You should have several sheets of photocopy paper laid out so you can print copies of your work without having to leave the workspace. Unlike Linoleum block prints or wood block printing, Cardboard does not print hundreds of copies with little or no deterioration. Eventually cardboard will become saturated, wet and bend or get a dent that will mar your design. Before this happens you should be able to create dozens of copies if you like. I like creating as many as possible for special handmade greeting cards and homemade book covers, wrapping paper, etc.

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Cardboard block print, created by me, age adult.
Cardboard block print, created by me, age adult. | Source

Rub with a wooden spoon

Because the cardboard is so light, sometimes it is best to lay the inked cardboard face down onto the readied paper. Because my cardboard was large enough, I put the paper directly onto the block. Use a wooden spoon, a clean brayer or just your hands and press the block plate completely and firmly on the paper or cloth. In printmaking circles this wooden rubbing device is called a baron... just a piece of trivia for you. Once you have decided the paper has received all the ink it can, gently pull the plate off the paper. Try not to bend the cardboard at all during the lifting or the bend will later print as a line, marring future prints.

Pull the print

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Re-ink and print another

Once you have printed the paper, you must re-ink the plate to print another copy. Do this each time for as many prints as you would like. A cardboard plate can print as many as 25 copies or more before it begins to bend or show signs of loosing the details. If you don’t want to make 25 copies, at least make 5. This gives you enough to keep one and give several away. Try making them with friends and then trading one of yours for one of your friends.

Later, after the ink dries, you can add another color or extra designs to your print. You can add decorative writing too if you would like it to look like fancy French designer paper.

Re-inked with blue.
Re-inked with blue. | Source
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Step 6. Sign your work

Lastly you are ready to sign. ALWAYS sign your work if you are happy with it. The signature means you, the artist, approve of the print you created.

Sign on the bottom right hand side with PENCIL not pen.

To prove it is a limited edition, you want to put the number of the print on the left hand side. This increases the value of the work. If you printed 25 prints and the one you are signing is the 5th print off the block, sign it 5/25. The first copy can be signed as a “proof” and not given a number if you like. This means you want to keep track of each print that comes off the block and have them in order. It also means you have to print all you want before you start signing, so that you know the final total.

You can title your work if you like or if appropriate. Put the title between the edition number and the signature.

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Cardboard block print, 2-color T-shirt print.
Cardboard block print, 2-color T-shirt print. | Source

Finished

I found these to be fun and exciting forms of expression for the children and me. We loved every minute. The process does take time and preparation. There is a little bit of mess involved but I always found that to be the fun part. With newspapers and disposable tablecloths around the work area, mess is kept to a minimum. Enjoy.

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Printmaking Comments Here

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    • PAINTDRIPS profile image
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      Denise McGill 2 years ago from Fresno CA

      CorneliaMladenova,

      Thank you so much. I did so many artsy things with my children when they were little that when they left home I created some of them into lessons I took to the public schools for years. Now I'm doing them with my grandkids. Thanks for commenting.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • CorneliaMladenova profile image

      Korneliya Yonkova 2 years ago from Cork, Ireland

      Thank you so much for this useful hub, Denise. I immediately passed is to my younger daughter who likes art and I am doing my best to encourage her. I myself have used linoleum and chisels for such kind of work but never had the idea that corrugated cardboard paper could be used. It is so creative, thanks a lot again! :)

    • PAINTDRIPS profile image
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      Denise McGill 2 years ago from Fresno CA

      Faith Reaper,

      Oh, I'm sure they will love it. You can use acrylic if you haven't time to go get printmaking inks but you will need a brayer to roll out the ink/acrylic. I'd love to see pictures when you are done. Thanks for commenting.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 2 years ago from southern USA

      Hi Denise,

      What a great hub! Oh, I have to try this fun project with my grandchildren who happen to be coming up this weekend! They are so creative and will love this project.

      All of your designs are wonderful.

      Blessings

    • PAINTDRIPS profile image
      Author

      Denise McGill 2 years ago from Fresno CA

      Venkatachari M,

      Exactly. And creative minds can change the world for the better. I love cultivating creativity in children. It helps them think of all the possibilities. Thanks for commenting.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • Venkatachari M profile image

      Venkatachari M 2 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Wonderful idea of carving and crafting prints. This can be much interesting and thrilling to kids. Such positive habits can mould children into creative minds.

    • PAINTDRIPS profile image
      Author

      Denise McGill 2 years ago from Fresno CA

      Thanks so much, Susan. I appreciate you affirmation. I haven't seen you around much these days. Thanks for commenting.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • SusanDeppner profile image

      Susan Deppner 2 years ago from Arkansas USA

      Awesome project, great tutorial! You do good work, Paintdrips. :)

    • PAINTDRIPS profile image
      Author

      Denise McGill 2 years ago from Fresno CA

      Oh thank you, Blossom. It turned out really cool, I have to say. My friend loved it.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • BlossomSB profile image

      Bronwen Scott-Branagan 2 years ago from Victoria, Australia

      Oh, I love that idea for the fingerprint painting!

    • PAINTDRIPS profile image
      Author

      Denise McGill 2 years ago from Fresno CA

      It is so fast, Shyron, I think you will love it. Where regular printmaking takes a great deal of time and planning, this can be done in maybe a little more than an hour and you are printing already. I love it as an alternative for children to experience printing. Thanks for commenting.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • Shyron E Shenko profile image

      Shyron E Shenko 2 years ago from Texas

      This is so neat, I love the way it makes a background. I think I need to try this.

      Wonderful hub.

      Blessings

      Shyron

    • PAINTDRIPS profile image
      Author

      Denise McGill 2 years ago from Fresno CA

      BlossomSB,

      Yeah, I've done the fingerprint painting too. Very cool. I did a whole portrait in fingerprints once and called it Covered with the Fingerprints of God... not that I'm God but I wanted it to look like a God-creation of the person. Anyway. Thanks for commenting.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • BlossomSB profile image

      Bronwen Scott-Branagan 2 years ago from Victoria, Australia

      You put so much effort into your hubs - and it shows, they're interesting, informative and practical, too. I guess our first print-making effort was in kindergarten when we did finger-painting on a table-top and then made prints of it with butcher's paper.

    • PAINTDRIPS profile image
      Author

      Denise McGill 2 years ago from Fresno CA

      Larry Rankin,

      Well, I fill my day with fun, art and creativity, but I'd hardly call it a hobby. It's my life. Thanks for commenting, as always!

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • Larry Rankin profile image

      Larry Rankin 2 years ago from Oklahoma

      Looks like a wonderful hobby.

    • PAINTDRIPS profile image
      Author

      Denise McGill 2 years ago from Fresno CA

      Robie Benve,

      I think you will love it. It's amazing how easy and fast it is. Plus you are ready in no time to print. To add another color simply cut the background (or whatever) completely away but cutting through the third layer. Ink it separately and print it over the original print. Placing it is tricky but it can be done. I loved it. Thanks for commenting.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • Robie Benve profile image

      Robie Benve 2 years ago from Ohio

      That's sooooo neat!!!!! I love the distressed look of the prints, really inspiring. I think I am going to try this, maybe to make greeting cards. :)

    • PAINTDRIPS profile image
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      Denise McGill 2 years ago from Fresno CA

      Lee Hansen,

      My pleasure. The kids loved it. I've tested all my projects on homeschoolers. They usually love the art and are very careful with tools. Thanks for commenting.

      Blessings,

      Denise

    • Lee Hansen profile image

      Lee Hansen 2 years ago from Vermont

      I really like this cardboard printmaking technique. My granddaughter is 5 and very interested in all forms of art and crafts; I'll be trying this out with her very soon. Thank you for the inspiration and fine tutorial.

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