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Crochet Stitches, Detailed Instructions With Videos to Help You Follow Any Pattern or Create One of Your Own

Updated on January 04, 2013
Is it just me or do the blue stitches look like people dancing in a line?  half double crochet stitches.
Is it just me or do the blue stitches look like people dancing in a line? half double crochet stitches.

Looking for great lists for free crochet patterns? Hubber Barbara Kay has all sorts of hubs to find the pattern your looking for! Really! She has hubs on finding free patterns for Scarves, Amigurumi, Socks, Vests, Hats, Rugs, Shawls, Jewelry and more... ^_^

Hubber Tammyswallow has great hubs on vintage crochet patterns for a Victorian Boot Ornament and Fingerless Gloves.

For the beginner... don't make these common mistakes ^_^

Crochet is a huge passion of mine. A passion I want to share with you as I create new patterns and designs. I hope this will be a quick and easy reference for anyone wanting to complete a new pattern or even design one of their own.

The crochet terminology used is American. Be careful to check where your pattern was published to ensure you're looking up the right stitch. Everything is described for a right handed crocheter, simply reverse for left-handed use. Tunisian stitches aren't included in the guide. I've never attempted any tunisian stitches and didn't feel I had any place teaching them. If there is anyone who would like to make a supplementary hub I will gladly link to yours for a truly complete crochet stitch list.

All the photos and videos are my own. Keep in mind that there are many ways to go about crocheting. How you hold your hook and yarn should feel comfortable to you. So when watching the videos focus on how many loops and where to pull yarn through to create the stitch. How you go about it is entirely up to your comfort. Samples are all created using worsted weight yarn and a size I/9, 5.50mm hook. All stitches can look very different depending on the yarn or string used plus the size of the hook.

Which stitch is your favorite?

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Table of Contents

Quickly find the stitch your looking for by pressing ctrl and F on the keyboard at the same time. Type the code in parenthesis into the find box and hit enter.

  • (CR1) Slipknot
  • (CR2) Chain
  • (CR3) Slip Stitch
  • (CR4) Single Crochet
  • (CR5) Single Rib Crochet
  • (CR6) Crab Stitch
  • (CR7) Half Double Crochet
  • (CR8) Double Crochet
  • (CR9) Raised Double Crochet
  • (CR10) Triple Crochet
  • (CR11) Double Triple Crochet
  • (CR12) Triple Triple Crochet
  • (CR13) Solomon's Knot
  • (CR14) Magic Ring
  • (CR15) Single Crochet Foundation
  • (CR16) Cluster Stitch and Decreasing
  • (CR17) Puff Stitch
  • (CR18) Popcorn Stitch

Slip Knot

CR1

This is the very first thing any crocheter needs to learn how to make. Every project starts with a simple slip knot. A completed slip knot will fit as one loop on the hook. One string will be mobile to adjust the size of the loop and the other will remain stationary. I have found that the best slip knot is when the tail end (the string that is not connected to the rest of the skein of yarn) is the one that controls the movement of the knot. This way when the project is completed the tail can be pulled tight allowing it to fully disappear into the project. This is especially helpful when working in a very uniform, tight stitch.

Start by holding the tail end in your right hand and hold the yarn about 8 inches over with your left hand. Wrap the yarn loosely around the first three fingers of your left hand once. This should shorten the gap between your hands. Allow the tail end to hang behind the circle you've just created. Place your hook over the circle but under the hanging tail end. With your left hand hold both ends while you pull up with your hook. This will create a nice loop on your hook. To tighten it further pull on the tail end. To loosen it, hold the end connected to the yarn and pull the loop with your hook.

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The front or "right side is on top and the back or "wrong" side is on bottomPattern symbolPicot, a design using just chain and slip stitches
The front or "right side is on top and the back or "wrong" side is on bottom
The front or "right side is on top and the back or "wrong" side is on bottom
Pattern symbol
Pattern symbol
Picot, a design using just chain and slip stitches
Picot, a design using just chain and slip stitches

Chain (ch)

CR2

I think its safe to say that I have never created a project without using chains. Even a solomon's knot starts with two chains. These are a must! You could even get by and make interesting designs using just chains and slip stitches.

Start with your one loop on the hook. Wrap the yarn around the hook once and pull through the loop. That's it... all done!

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Top/front view- beige yarnback view- beige yarnpattern symbol
Top/front view- beige yarn
Top/front view- beige yarn
back view- beige yarn
back view- beige yarn
pattern symbol
pattern symbol

Slip Stitch (sl st)

CR3

A slip stitch is the same as a chain only it's done through another stitch.This is also a great method for getting your yarn somewhere without adding bulk to the project or cutting the yarn.

Start with one loop on the hook. Push hook through another stitch and wrap the yarn around once. Pull yarn through both stitch and loop.

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pattern symbol
pattern symbol
pattern symbol

Single Crochet (sc)

CR4

Start with your one loop on the hook. Push hook through stitch and wrap yarn around once, pull through stitch. You should now have two loops on your hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through both loops.

When starting a new row chain one and count as the first stitch.

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Single Crochet Rib

CR5

Crochet stitches are usually worked through the two loops at the very top of the stitch. A rib stitch is worked through only the back top loop. Doing this creates an elastic rib effect. This is great for edges of garments. Usually it's a good idea to use one size smaller hook than what you used for the rest of the project.

Start with your one loop on the hook. Push hook through only the back top loop of the stitch. Wrap yarn around once and pull through the stitch. You now have two loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around hook and pull through both loops.

When starting a new row chain one and count as first stitch.

Crab Stitch

CR6

The crab stitch makes a fantastic edging. It's also a little awkward to get used to as it's worked backwards.

For right-handed crocheters, start on the left side. Have the usual one loop on the hook. Push the hook through the next stitch to the right. Wrap yarn around once and pull through the stitch. You should now have two loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through both loops.

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pattern symbol
pattern symbol
pattern symbol

Half Double (hdc)

CR7

Start with the one loop on the hook. Wrap yarn around once, then push through stitch. Wrap yarn around once and pull trough stitch. You should now have three loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through all three loops.

When starting a new row chain two and count as first stitch.

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pattern symbol
pattern symbol
pattern symbol

Double Crochet (dc)

CR8

Start with the one loop on the hook. Wrap yarn around once, then push through stitch. Wrap yarn around once and pull through stitch. You should now have three loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through two of the loops. You should now have two loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through both loops.

When starting a new row chain three and count as first stitch.

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Raised double front pattern symbolRaised double back pattern symbol
Raised double front pattern symbol
Raised double front pattern symbol
Raised double back pattern symbol
Raised double back pattern symbol

Raised Double Front and Back

CR9

These stitches are used to crate texture. Raised double front pulls the stitches forward and the raised double back pushes them back. These are sometimes called post stitches as the texture is achieved by working the stitch around the "post" of the stitch instead of the usual two top loops.

Start with the one loop on the hook. Wrap yarn around once, then push through stitch around the post of the stitch (this is where the biggest opening between the stitches is).

For a Front stitch insert hook from the front in the space to the right of the stitch and then through the space to the left of the stitch. For a Back stitch insert hook from the back through the space to the right of the stitch and then through the space to the left. (see video)

Wrap yarn around once and pull through stitch. You should now have three loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through two of the loops. You should now have two loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through both loops.

When starting a new row chain three and count as first stitch.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
pattern symbol
pattern symbol
pattern symbol

Triple Crochet (tr)

CR10

Start with your one loop on the hook. Wrap yarn around two times, then push hook through stitch. Wrap yarn around once and pull through stitch. You should now have four loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through two loops. You should now have three loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through two loops. You should now have two loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through both loops.

When starting a new row chain four and count as first stitch.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
pattern symbol
pattern symbol
pattern symbol

Double Triple (dtr)

CR11

Start with your one loop on the hook. Wrap yarn around three times, then push hook through stitch. Wrap yarn around once and pull through stitch. You should now have five loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through two loops. You should now have four loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through two loops. You should now have three loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through both loops. You should now have two loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through both loops.

When starting a new row chain five and count as first stitch.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
pattern symbol
pattern symbol
pattern symbol

Triple Triple (tr tr)

CR12

Start with your one loop on the hook. Wrap yarn around four times, then push hook through stitch. Wrap yarn around once and pull through stitch.You should now have six loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through two loops. You should now have five loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through two loops. You should now have four loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through two loops. You should now have three loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through both loops. You should now have two loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through both loops.

When starting a new row chain six and count as first stitch.

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Solomon's Knot

CR13

This lesser used stitch creates beautiful lacy effects. The size of the large loop of the stitch is entirely up to you.

The very beginning of a solomon's knot project will start like this. Chain two. Single Crochet into first chain then follow the instructions for subsequent solomon's knots...

Pull the loop on the hook out to desired size (if practicing a good inch to inch and a half is good) Wrap yarn around once. With your thumb and middle finger hold the base of the stitch. Place your first (pointer) finger between the first loop and the wrapped around yarn. Pull the wrapped around yarn through the loop while keeping your finger in place. Push hook through the hole your finger is in and wrap yarn around once. Pull through, you should now have two loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through both loops. Done.

Magic Ring

CR14

This is a great little trick to use when working in the round. It ensures the center, such as the top of a hat, are nice and tight.

Start with the tail end of the yarn in your left hand and hold the yarn with your right hand about eight inches over. Using your right hand wrap the yarn loosely around the first three fingers of your left hand. Pull the end connected to the skein through the large loop just enough to create a loop for your hook. Chain enough for the stitch you want to use in your first round. Crochet your first round along the large loop so that the loop and tail end are in the base of the stitches. When your first round of stitches are complete pull the tail end to close the loop tightly.

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Front viewBack view
Front view
Front view
Back view
Back view

Single Crochet Foundation

CR15

A traditional chain foundation can sometimes be a little too tight for a particular project. Creating a single crochet foundation allows more stretch and eliminates the need of the first chain. Some also find this saves a little bit of time as well since you crochet the chain and first row of single crochet at the same time.

Start with your slip knot. Chain two. Push hook through very first chain and wrap yarn around once. Pull through and wrap yarn around once again. Pull through one loop. You should now have two loops on the hook. Wrap yarn around once and pull through both loops. This creates the first stitch. For the next stitch and all the ones after push hook through the first two loops on the very left of the previous stitch. The work will go down from the hook instead of to the side like usual.

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Top row of clusters in sc, second row in hdc and bottom row in dc. pattern symbols for dc2tog and dc3tog. Used for decreasing.
Top row of clusters in sc, second row in hdc and bottom row in dc.
Top row of clusters in sc, second row in hdc and bottom row in dc.
pattern symbols for dc2tog and dc3tog. Used for decreasing.
pattern symbols for dc2tog and dc3tog. Used for decreasing.

Cluster Stitches and Decreasing

CR16

Cluster stitches are where the very top of two or more stitches are gathered to create only one stitch for the next row. There are two ways to go about this. One way creates a texture and the other way is the best method for decreasing.

For a textured cluster stitch you will go about your stitch as usual except for the last wrap around and pull through and do the same for however many stitches you want to include in the cluster in the same stitch opening. This should leave one loop on the hook for each stitch. Then at the end you'll wrap the yarn around once and pull through all the stitch loops. Watch the video for an example using double crochet stitches. A textured cluster will be more pronounced when you use a taller stitch in a row of shorter stitches.

Decreasing is worked the same as a textured cluster with one exception... the stitches are all worked into separate spaces. So if want to decrease your pattern by one stitch in the next row you will need to cluster two stitches together. Start the first stitch up until the last wrap around and pull through then create your second stitch in the next space where you normally would up to the same point. Then wrap yarn around once and pull through all loops. This will make one stitch out of two!

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Top row of Puff stitches in sc, second row in hdc and bottom row in dc. pattern symbol
Top row of Puff stitches in sc, second row in hdc and bottom row in dc.
Top row of Puff stitches in sc, second row in hdc and bottom row in dc.
pattern symbol
pattern symbol

Puff Stitch

CR17

Puff stitches create a pretty and simple texture. The shorter the row of stitches the more pronounced the puff will be. The puff can further be changed based on how many times you loop the yarn.

Start with your one loop on the hook. *Wrap yarn around once and push hook through stitch. Wrap yarn around once and pull through. Repeat from * several times (my examples were done four times) Once you have as many loops as desired wrap yarn around once and pull through all loops, wrap yarn around once more and pull through loop. Because this creates a mini stitch space along with a normal stitch space you'll need to take care to skip the smaller stitch space when completing the next row of stitches.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Top row 3 stitch popcorn, 2nd row- 4 stitch, 3rd row- 5 stitch, and 4th row- 6 stitch. All in dc.pattern symbol
Top row 3 stitch popcorn, 2nd row- 4 stitch, 3rd row- 5 stitch, and 4th row- 6 stitch. All in dc.
Top row 3 stitch popcorn, 2nd row- 4 stitch, 3rd row- 5 stitch, and 4th row- 6 stitch. All in dc.
pattern symbol
pattern symbol

Popcorn Stitch

CR18

The Popcorn stitch is the best for creating bold texture. The level of texture can be altered by using taller stitches in shorter stitch rows and by how many stitches make up each popcorn.

Start with your one loop on the hook. Completely create however many stitches you want in the popcorn all into the same stitch space. Take your hook out of the loop (make sure the loop remains in tact) and insert the hook in the large space to the right of the first stitch you made for the popcorn. If you insert hook from front the popcorn will come forward and if you insert from the back it will "pop" out the back. Once hook is through the space put the loop back on the hook and pull through. Keep it tight and complete the next stitch in the row.

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    • cloverleaffarm profile image

      Healing Herbalist 4 years ago from The Hamlet of Effingham

      Love to crochet. My father taught me. I too create my own patterns, as the way my father taught me is different than what is in most other book patterns. Great hub, voted up and useful.

    • Janine Huldie profile image

      Janine Huldie 4 years ago from New York, New York

      Mamakim, I have pinned this, because I truly find crocheting fascinating, yet have never actually tried it, but your article seems to show all the basics in one concise place. Thank you seriously for compiling this most informative and interesting article. Have voted up and shared too!!

    • Anamika S profile image

      Anamika S 4 years ago from Mumbai - Maharashtra, India

      I have been wanting to learn crochet for ages. Thanks for this Hub! Voted up and useful.

    • Deepak Chaturvedi profile image

      Deepak Chaturvedi 4 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Good info useful for those who want to lern.

    • profile image

      ignugent17 4 years ago

      Mama Kim,

      I am doing crochet too during wintertime and I will be back in your hub to get some more ideas.

      Thanks for the tips.

      Have a good day!

    • europewalker profile image

      europewalker 4 years ago

      Excellent hub, I have never tried to crochet but this hub has inspired me! Well done:) voted up and useful

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Little known fact: I used to crochet when I was a kid. Made pot holders for presents for everyone. LOL Great instructional hub here my friend; I was so excited that it was about a craft I actually know how to do. :)

    • Christine Miranda profile image

      Christine Miranda 4 years ago from My office.

      Fantastic Hub. My grandmother taught me when I was in elementary school. My daughter has been asking to learn but I am a bit rusty. Bookmarked this hub for later. Love the crochet needle as the divider. Thank you for taking the time to do this hub. I am sure it will be greatly appreciated by many! Voted Up & More

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
      Author

      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Cloverleaffarm, That's fantastic! Up until recently trying to follow other people patterns was so frustrating I just made my own. Crochet is so free you could really make anything! However you learned is great! As long as the yarn loops in a way that it wont unravel well, that's crochet in my book ^_^ Thank you so much for you great comment and votes!

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
      Author

      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Janine ^_^ Thank you so much! Your comment, vote and share are all greatly appreciated! I do hope you try! It's easy, fun and so rewarding ^_^

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
      Author

      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Anamika, I'm so happy to hear that! I hope this hub will be a valuable resource to you ^_^ Thank you so much for your votes!

      Deepak, Thank you for your lovely comment ^_^

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
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      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Ignugent, Wonderful ^_^ I'm so happy that my hub will be of some use to you ^_^ thank you for your kind comment! You have a great day too my friend!

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
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      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Europewalker, Thank you so much! To inspire is a great compliment, thank you! Your votes are greatly appreciated ^_^ I hope you do try to enjoy!

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
      Author

      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Bill, I would have never known! ^_^ I think that is absolutely wonderful! My son seems very interested and I hope that he continues to want to learn the craft. It being labeled a "girl" craft is ridiculous! Thank you so much for your continued support ^_^

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
      Author

      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Christine, It always makes me happy when young people want to learn the craft ^_^ I hope this will be something you and your daughter can enjoy together! Thank you so much for your kind and generous comment!

    • Alexandria Joy profile image

      Alexandria Taberski 4 years ago from Loveland, CO

      This is awesome, I'll have to try and teach myself from this hub:)

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
      Author

      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Alexandria, You are already creatively minded... I'm sure you'll have no problem leaning crochet ^_^ Can't wait to see what you make! Thank you for the lovely comment!

    • vespawoolf profile image

      vespawoolf 4 years ago from Peru, South America

      Mama Kim, you are so accomplished! I can't believe you create your own patterns as well. I learned the chain stitch from my grandmother but I think it challenged her patience . I've often thought I should try to learn more, and with all this detailed information and the videos, I could advance at my own speed. Maybe someday I'll take on the challenge. : ) This is an awesome, useful hub. Voted up and shared.

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
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      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Thank you Vespa for your generous comment ^_^ If you can chain you can easily learn the rest of these stitches! I just know you'll do well.

    • vespawoolf profile image

      vespawoolf 4 years ago from Peru, South America

      You're so supportive! It makes me feel like I can do it. That's why your name, Mama Kim, is so perfect. : )

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
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      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Aww thank you Vespa ^_^ You're so sweet!

    • Wonder wool profile image

      Priyanka Estambale 4 years ago from United States

      This is an awesome hub. detailed with each stitch. Although I use these stitches everyday, beginners will relish these. Great Work :)

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
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      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Thank you Wonder wool (cute name ^_^) Your tutorials are also great!

    • tammyswallow profile image

      Tammy 4 years ago from North Carolina

      Very, very helpful hub! If you don't mind I am going to link this to my crochet patterns. Sharing and pinning!

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
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      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Tammy! Thank you so much ^_^ I'm over the moon from your generosity, you are too kind!

    • nighthag profile image

      K.A.E Grove 4 years ago from Australia

      What a fantastic hub, being a beginner at this craft your page is now my favorite voting up and up... Thank you!

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
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      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Nighthag ^_^ I'm so happy you've taken up the craft!! Thank you so much for your super kind words and votes ^_^ I adore crochet so please feel free ask me anything, If I can't help I can point you in the right direction.

    • midget38 profile image

      Michelle Liew 4 years ago from Singapore

      A really creative lady you are, Sasha. This will be shared. I used to crochet with my grandma, and it was fun, but I am a little butter-fingered! thanks for the share, which will be shared.

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
      Author

      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Michelle ^_^ Love seeing you again! Thank you for your lovely comment and share! Maybe holding the hook different will help. I've always held it like a knife and found I have more steady control that way. The "traditional" way is to hold it like a pencil which I'm butterfingered with too.

    • Barbara Kay profile image

      Barbara Kay Badder 4 years ago from USA

      I shared with my Yahoo crochet group and the Crochet Partners Yahoo group. Watch for lots of traffic! This is a super page for crocheters.

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
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      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Thank you Barbara! You're right... a huge bump in traffic already ^_^ Thank you! I took a look at the group and I loved it so much I joined.

    • profile image

      Merry 4 years ago

      Saw your site offered on Crochet Partners. I have been crocheting for a while, but after all these years, there are some stitches I have never tried or used because I like seeing the video, and your videos are perfect for my hands on necessity of learning. Thank you! I love making gifts and will put your helpful videos to use; you can find me on www.etsy.com/shop/notjustforbabies or www.facebook.com/notjustforbabies -again thank you!

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image
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      Sasha Kim 4 years ago

      Merry, Thank you for your kind comment. I'm so happy this hub can be of use to you! I've taken a peek at your etsy shop and love it. I've also liked your facebook page.

    • profile image

      Val 2 months ago

      Excellent tutorials... I've been Crocheting for years but for refreshers, like to look at videos, read instructions, to get me back on track with a Stitch or technique I may have forgotten or need to learn a new easier way.... Thx for Sharing...

    • sparkleyfinger profile image

      Lynsey Harte 2 weeks ago from Glasgow

      This is a really useful and interesting hub. I tried my hand at crochet the other day, and after 3 failed attempts at making a chain, I decided it wasn't for me- my fingers just don't seem to get it! However, after looking at this hub I have been inspired to try again. I have pinned it for later use, thank you!

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