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Cross-stitching – It’s Not Just Embroidery!

Updated on September 19, 2009

While Wikipedia defines cross-stitch as “a popular form of counted-thread embroidery in which X-shaped stitches are used to form a picture”, to me it is more than just embroidery.

Cross-stitch has been around for a long time, all over the world. In Europe and Asia, cross-stitch is a popular way of decorating clothes, and other fabrics – bed sheets, tablecloth, linen. Fabrics used for religious purposes are also more often than not embroidered by some cross-stitch designs.

Recent years, however, have found renewed interest in cross-stitch and it has become a hobby in itself. No longer used only to embellish certain clothes, cross-stitch works are now used to adorn walls of homes and business establishments. Instead of just forming a pattern or a picture, cross-stitch works resemble paintings, complete with lighting, texture and depth effects.

To say that cross-stitching has become more complicated (and certainly more lucrative!) is a given. Designs are much more advanced, the time required to complete a piece is longer, and the level of effort necessary is altogether higher.

But this does not mean that cross-stitch aficionados have been discouraged. In fact, cross-stitching has just become much more rewarding.

There are certain cross-stitch supplies you cannot do without: aida cloth (weave cloth), needles, threads and of course a cross-stitch pattern.

(All images in this hub were lovingly stitched by the author, pictures taken by Ones Almario.)

park and garden scenes are always refreshing
park and garden scenes are always refreshing

Necessary Cross-Stitch Supply No. 1: The Aida Cloth

Aida cloth is available in many colors; cross-stitch patterns usually recommend what color of aida cloth you should use, but this should not stop you from exercising your better judgment. If you feel that a pattern will be more alive in another color of aida cloth, or if it will complement your wall better, then by all means go for it!

Aida cloth is described by its “count” – 7, 10, 11, 12, 14, 18. The lower the count, the bigger the squares are. This is because the count represents how many holes there are in one linear inch of that particular aida cloth. So a 14 count aida cloth will have 14 holes in one linear inch, equivalent to 13 squares. My personal favorite is 12 count. Just like the aida cloth color, you can also change the count size of your weave cloth, to make your finished work bigger or smaller. Just remember to calculate well how much cloth you need.

sunflowers are one of my all-time favorite patterns
sunflowers are one of my all-time favorite patterns

Necessary Cross-Stitch Supply No. 2: Needles and Threads

Aida cloth serves as the canvass for your masterpiece. Using the same analogy, the threads or skeins are your color, and the needles are your brushes. Because of this, you really need to have the right threads and needles, otherwise the effect you are aiming for will not materialize.

Each cross-stitch pattern lists all the threads you’d need. Cross-stitch threads are identified by their numbers. So black will be 310, if you are using DMC threads. I always use DMC thread, because I find them more vibrant. Another famous producer of cross-stitch threads is Anchor. Anchor and DMC do not have the same numberings, so pay extra attention to these details.

While some stores may sell threads by the meter, rather than the full 6 meters of one skein, it will be better to buy the whole lot for each color. This is most helpful if you plan on doing more than one cross-stitch pattern. The best way to store and organize your threads is to put them in individual flat spools and label that spool accordingly. Then stack them side by side, like books. If you are short of cash, you can just buy one flat spool, and reproduce it by cutting cardboards and using them as spools. For storage, you can also use cardboards to serve as trays. Just be sure to put them somewhere dry.

I've done this pattern three times already!
I've done this pattern three times already!

Necessary Cross-Stitch Supply No. 3: Cross-Stitch Pattern

Of course, you need a pattern to work on. There are many downloadable patterns from the internet, and many hobby shops sell cross-stitch patterns as well. Personally, I never buy patterns with pictures, just because they are more expensive. I’d look at the picture, then have the cross-stitch pattern photocopied and that’s what I’ll buy. Also, I always, always, always make another copy of the cross-stitch pattern – this is the one I will be using. I can use markers, make notes on it, and dispose it after. The other copy I save on clear file books, in case someone might want it in the future, or in case I’d want to do the pattern again.

There are also softwares that let you create cross-stitch patterns from any image or picture you like. I have never personally tried them, though, so I don’t know how accurate they are.

one of the simpler patterns
one of the simpler patterns

Some cross-stitch tips

So now that you're all set to do your needlework, here are a few more tips to help you enjoy your cross-stitching to the fullest!

  • If it’s your first time to do cross-stitch, be prepared to be pinched by the needle. Don’t worry, though since it is really not pointed. The end of a cross-stitch needle is rounded so there is really not much harm that can be expected. Expect, however, to get your fingertips calloused but this will actually work for the better, as you can push the needle faster.
  • Enjoy and have fun. Do not expect to finish a pattern in just a few hours or a few days. Cross-stitching can sometimes cause strain to the eyes so make sure to take breaks every now and then. Some patterns take months to complete, be prepared to have a little progress at a time, and be assured of the beauty that is produced from slow, meticulous work.
  • Before having your work framed, make sure to wash the cloth and iron it. Use lukewarm water and powdered detergent, and slowly dip and shake the cloth in the solution, much like how you would wash a pair of stockings. Do not rub, just let the water go through the holes, and it should clean your cloth. Hang to dry and iron it with the right side down, just like how you’d iron an embossment on a shirt. This will make the colors very vibrant, almost glowing. Do this just before you have your work framed.

round patterns are unusual
round patterns are unusual

Cross-stitching is really more than just needlework. It demands commitment, patience and great attention to details. But just like anything made from hard work, it is really rewarding.


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    • profile image

      Mylindaminka 5 years ago

      Валерия Новодворская политик. Какой-никакой, а политик. Поэтому и к ее словам относиться надо соответственно. Надо отдать ей должное — кто она такая, Новодворская совершенно не скрывает.

    • profile image

      Mylindaminka 5 years ago

      Настоящие масоны появились в России только в конце царствования Екатерины. Одним из них был И.Г.Шварц, уроженец Трансильвании. В Россию он приехал в 1780 году в качестве гувернера, но вскоре стал профессором Московского университета, где со временем сколотил вокруг себя небольшой масонский кружок из числа преподавателей и студентов в количестве восьми человек. Обрядность и ритуал там не практиковались, и вообще непонятно, чем занимались члены кружка на своих заседаниях, но кружок был тайным, и другие масоны в него не допускались. Шварц, по его заверениям, «привез с собой градус единственного верховного представителя теоретической степени соломоновых наук в России», то есть, иначе говоря, был посвященным, специально посланным в Россию представлять и насаждать здесь «великую идею масонства». И, видимо, небезуспешно, так как на Вильгельмсбаденском конгрессе масонов в 1782 году Россия была признана «восьмой провинцией масонского мира».

    • profile image

      Mylindaminka 5 years ago

      Форм-фактор «раскладушки» - экран и клавиатура телефона расположены на разных частях телефона, которые соединены шарниром. Больше всего такой телефон напоминает челюсть маленького крокодила, только вместо верхних зубов экран, а вместо нижних клавиатура. Форма, взятая фактически у природы, приятная во всех отношениях. Клавиатура и экран защищены от внешних воздействий, вот только не каждому понравится постоянно открывать и закрывать его, это ж труд то какой.

    • profile image 5 years ago

      ur creations are very awsome,

      bt i would be more great! if there is a ""ZOOM" option in each pictures


    • profile image

      Futamarka 5 years ago

      В бассейне Амазонии, а также на территории нынешних США и Канады - первобытные племена разного уровня развития. Как всё это будет дальше вертеться? Вопросы по устойчивости стержня.

    • kerlynb profile image

      kerlynb 6 years ago from Philippines, Southeast Asia, Earth ^_^

      This hub reminds me of my past hobby. How I wish I can have time to do cross-stitching again :( Would want to work on a cross-stitch of picture of a mountain - perhaps one from the Philippines.

    • craftybegonia profile image

      craftybegonia 7 years ago from Southwestern, United States

      Beautiful hub. Yes, you are certainly painting with aneedle!

    • freehans profile image

      freehans 7 years ago from Philippines

      It's a nice art. I would like to learn a step by step procedures on how to do the cross-stitching. I hope to see some more about cross-stitching.

      ---Proud to be Pinoy---

    • profile image

      Susmitha 7 years ago


      Its awesome craft, I have never seen such a Beautiful designs. Hands off to u r patience.I became fan of you . Can u please send me the pattern for the sunflowers in Brown pot .I too want to start with your inspiration.

    • Leslie Jo Barra profile image

      Leslie Jo Barra 7 years ago

      I used to cross stitch all the time for me time. I hardly have any of the time article is urging me to pull it back out again.

    • profile image

      embroidery punching 8 years ago

      I love cross stitch, you can surely make more eye-catching designs. keep up with good work

      embroidery punching

    • emievil profile image

      emievil 8 years ago from Philippines

      hehehehe distractions. sigh it's end of the 3-day weekend. Back to the grind tomorrow =(.

    • mommyfreelancer profile image

      mommyfreelancer 8 years ago from Philippines can tell I'm totally focused...on another topic. lol! :)

    • emievil profile image

      emievil 8 years ago from Philippines

      LOL. mommy we're talking about cross stitching here LOL. I can just see your imagination working overtime. hehehehehe

    • mommyfreelancer profile image

      mommyfreelancer 8 years ago from Philippines

      oooohhh....gets more interesting by the minute! :)

    • emievil profile image

      emievil 8 years ago from Philippines

      LOL. no didn't give these to them but I don't know where he is so I can't take them back.

    • mommyfreelancer profile image

      mommyfreelancer 8 years ago from Philippines

      Whoo! That's much MORE interesting than cross-stitch! :) I have given my ex a lot of cross-stitch, but we're good friends so no regrets. :)They're priceless, Emi! Maybe you can still get them? Awww...

    • emievil profile image

      emievil 8 years ago from Philippines

      wohooo, I love cross stitch. But I haven't taken it up for the past 2 years. Now doing some small scale projects. Do you know I have lots of finished stuff already but I left them all with my ex when I moved away from him (long story) =(? Those were cute outputs too. Anyways, love the hub mommy =).

    • mommyfreelancer profile image

      mommyfreelancer 8 years ago from Philippines

      Hahaha. But it's really a great hobby, right! :)

    • Storytellersrus profile image

      Barbara 8 years ago from Stepping past clutter

      I am impressed. I only do the larger Norwegian bell hangers. I cramp up with these tiny details, lol!


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