ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Interesting facts about the two bronze lions that guard the Art Institute of Chicago..

Updated on May 18, 2014
Bronze lions at the Michigan Avenue entrance of the Art Institute of Chicago.
Bronze lions at the Michigan Avenue entrance of the Art Institute of Chicago. | Source

What's in a name?

Did you know the two bronze lions that stand guard at the Michigan Avenue entrance of the Art Institute of Chicago are not identical and they were given unofficial "names," by their sculptor Edward Kemeys?


Kemeys was a world renowned sculptor known for his pieces depicting animals in nature. He aptly named the aforementioned lions "Defiance" and "Prowl" to signify their poses: the lion to the south stands with an "attitude of defiance," while the lion to the north has a stance that suggests its "on the prowl.".


Edward Kemeys originally created the lions for the World's Columbia Exposition; they were two of six that were located at the entrance of the Fine Arts Palace, now the Museum of Science and Industry.



The Art Institute of Chicago

The Field Family Connection

Commissioned by Mrs. Henry Field, renowned sculptor Edward Kemeys selected two of his lions sculptures featured at the Columbian Exposition and recast both in bronze for use at the west entrance of Art Institute of Chicago. Upon completion, Kemeys bronze lion sculptures were then presented to the Art Institute in 1893 as a gift from Mrs. Henry Field.


Mr. Henry Field was a renowned art collector, philanthropist, a founding member of the Art Institute of Chicago's Board of Trustees and he was the younger brother of the Department store magnate Marshall Field.


The same year Mrs. Henry Field also donated a highly valued collection of oil paintings to the Art Institute as a tribute to her late husband. The Fields art collection was comprised of nearly of four hundred rare works of art. Within the Field art collection were French masterpieces that were viewed as the most important French art holdings of the 19th century. The Fields generous gift also contained key works by the Barbizon school of landscape and genre painters and much more.



As a special condition of her gift, Mrs. Field helped to design a lavish gallery to accommodate the highly prized art collection which is said to have replicated the Fields private home gallery and featured a Louse Comfort Tiffany art glass ceiling . The gallery would be named the Henry Field Memorial Gallery. However, in 1933 and 1934, the museum galleries were rearranged, with artwork grouped according to periods and styles and would no longer be organized by collection. As a result Mr. Henry Fields Memorial Gallery was disassembled but was located exactly where Gallery 216 is today.


Mr. and Mrs. Henry Field's prominent Chicago family surname also graces the world renowned Field Museum. Stay tuned for Interesting Facts about the Field Museum.....

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)