Kalocsa Hungarian Folkloric Embroidery
Hungary has a number of regional styles of embroidery, so characteristic from each other that that they can identify the region in which they were made. Of all the styles that developed one of the most popular is the Kalocsai designs full of many types of flowers and leaves in a rainbow of colors.
It is in competition for popularity with the Matyo roses and intensive stitching of a different region. Both are traditional Hungarian hand embroidery, but one, Kalocsa, is light and bright, and full of springtime.
Focusing On This Region's Style
This post concerns the style found in the Kalocsa area which is located in the Bács-Kiskun county of Hungary. The city is quite old, but the needlework has taken on a modern range of color that make the look very light and bright.
It is most often seen on a white ground, occasionally a black background is used.It is the most recognizable and well-known form of Hungarian needlework.
Stitches Transform Into The Flowery Forms
This style uses satin stitch, stem stitch, and french knots.
Samples Of Heavily Decorated Vests
A Flower Garden Of Colors And Motives
It looks like a virtual flower garden. With so many stylized versions of Grandma's flowers, the wide variety of colors are those might be found growing in a garden during spring and early summer. That might explain the allure of these patterns.
The colors seem to burst joyfully from the fabric.
Usual Color Combination
Many medium pastels with an emphasis on red and pink impart a youthful vibrancy. This is the default color palette. For young girls, and brides apparel, many household goods are also decorated in these hues.
An alternate look, called the "sad colors", contain shades of purple and lavender... along with other harmonious colors. It is called "szomoru", meaning gloomy.To most of us, this is a gorgeous set of shades and anything but sad, yet it is the palette for older women to use for their colorful aprons and vests.
The All White Traditional Variation
At first, all the embroideries of this region were done in white on white. Then as colorful threads became available, they became more of what we are familiar with today. The earliest colored embroideries date from the years 1904-1905. Non-fading colors were introduced circa 1912.
Stitches Or Colors?
Since this regional form originally was all white and is also made with that color today, it isn't actually the colorfulness of the piece that identifies real Kalocsai needle art, it is the fact that the work would look the same on both sides with no knots showing.
This is how a quality piece original to the area is identified.
Richelieu or Riseliő style
Kalocsa regional embroidery often employed cutwork within table cloths, doilies, and edgings of items. This refers to the cutwork embroidery which snips out patterned holes and stitches them with a buttonhole stitch. Once very intricate and difficult, it is much simpler to make with modern machines.
It makes a very lacy looking effect which is highlighted with colorful satin stitch motives.
This was the manner in which fabrics were hemmed or accented before the Riseliő style became popular. It looks something like "eyelet lace" to my eyes. Believed to originated in the area of Hungary during the 16th century, it took its name from the popularity it found in England.
A Modern Example
The flower patterns are taken from nature and made to look as natural as possible. As a gardener I recognize many of them.
If The Colors Aren't Vivid, It's Not Kalocsai
The Represented Flowers
Ears of wheat
Where in The World Is Kalocsa, Hungary?
Explore the Arts Of This Place
Patterns and Motives Of A Culture
Hungarians Love Decoration
It seems that everywhere you look in the area of this region there are decorated surfaces, The houses are painted with the identical flower forms and colors of the embroideries, the furnishings are decoratively painted, and of course, the household linens and the clothing are like fields strewn with flowers of every imaginable type.
The Hungarians have a field day with their patterned and colorful pictures filling the spaces of their everyday lives. It makes a lively look for interiors and exteriors!
In Kalocsai Mode
- Decorative Hungarian Folk Art Painting
Hungarian folk painting covers walls and household items with the same intensive detail and color used in their embroideries. A decorative art tradition of brightly colored daily surfaces resulted.