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How To Do Flower Arrangements

Updated on September 7, 2018
Tricia Deed profile image

Tricia Deed is a freelance writer and enjoys writing about many different things. Here are a variety of indoor and outdoor activities.

Flower Arrangements Offer Beauty

Flower arrangements offer warmth, beauty, and  loving care in home decorating.
Flower arrangements offer warmth, beauty, and loving care in home decorating. | Source

Flower Arrangements

Arranging flowers is a fun art with living, dried, or artificially sculptured flowers. These arrangements can be used for everyday displays in attractive flower vases or other containers and placed on any furniture table or shelving in the home or commercial location.

Design flower arrangements for special events:

  1. Birthdays
  2. Baby showers
  3. Bridal showers
  4. Weddings
  5. Fashion shows
  6. Displays
  7. Anniversaries
  8. Parties
  9. Grand Openings and Promotions
  10. Popular Celebrations such as Valentine's Day, Halloween, and Christmas
  11. Graduations and Presentations
  12. Funerals
  13. Flower arrangements are used:
  14. or presented for weddings, birthdays, parties, and other special events.

Flowers help to add color to any home and office décor, refresh a room with sweet aromas, change the vibrations of a room from cool to warm, add beauty, and add a touch of love to the environment.

Flower arrangements can be made from fresh cut flowers from a personal flower garden or purchased from a fresh flower florist, a farmer’s market, or a grocery store. Other flowers may be dried, or artificial variations constructed from paper, plastic, clay or porcelain, silk and other assorted fabrics and leather.

Leaf Spiral Design

A simple leaf spiral design of leaves with pink flowers arranged in a graduated vertical pattern in a shell-shaped vase.
A simple leaf spiral design of leaves with pink flowers arranged in a graduated vertical pattern in a shell-shaped vase. | Source

Preparing Cut Flowers

Cut flowers can be gotten from any favorite floral plant; however, for best results, long-stemmed flowers are preferred.

Long stems allow cuttings to be at assorted heights and allow for flowers to be arranged in steps or tiers.

Select the healthiest stems of flowers. Remove unwanted insects, such as ants. Cut away any imperfect flower petals. Remove leaves from stems to prevent water soaked leaves from rotting adding the unwanted brown color and foul odor..

Select an assortment of tight buds, half opened and full blossoms. The assortment of different budding stages will help the flower arrangement to have a longer lifetime. You may wish to soak flower stems overnight for visual cues.

Prepare stems by removing any unwanted leaves or thorns. Cut flower stems at a 45 degree angle while holding the stem section under water. This will allow for longer life as the open part of the stem is not be exposed to air. Cut the stems different lengths to create tiers. Place cut stems immediately into a clean container filled with water.

Wet foam is used to support fresh cut flowers. Place the flowers in the desired tier formation, then add fillers of leaf stems, baby's breath, ferns, small flowers or articles which are representing a special event such as holiday markers, ribbons, sparklers, or party favors.

Water is Life

Flower stems need to be in clean water and changed everyday.
Flower stems need to be in clean water and changed everyday. | Source

Extending Lifetime of Cut Flowers

1. Cut flowers usually last seven days. Change the water in the vase everyday. When changing the water also cut away another portion of the stem. Be careful not to cut too much. Also check the vase for any unwanted dead leaves which are in the water and remove.

2. Add a teaspoon of sugar to the water. Some people say adding an aspirin (acid) to the water also helps.

3. Another popular formula for extending the lifetime of the cut flowers is to mix one teaspoon of household bleach, one teaspoon of sugar, and two teaspoons of lemon or lime juice to one quart of water. The bleach helps rid bad bacteria, the sugar is food for the flowers, and the lemon or lime juice provides acid.

4. Purchase a commercial floral preservative.

Creative Containers

Use your creativity and imagination to use different types of containers.
Use your creativity and imagination to use different types of containers. | Source

Artificial Flowers

There are two major differences between artificial flowers and fresh cut flowers. The first reason allows for a variety of artificial flowers and accessories to choose regardless of the time of the year and the second reason is no water is needed.

Select your vase or container. Any container may be used or there are vases with artificial water made from resin. The dry foam brick can be used to anchor the flowers for stability or if preferred wire wrap the stems and finish with floral tape.

The benefits of artificial flowers:

  1. Longer Life
  2. Many flower blossoms and leaves appear life-like
  3. Budget friendly
  4. Easy maintenance
  5. Allergy resistant
  6. Can be purchased or hand crafted

Dried Flowers On A Dining Table

Clean plastic vases with artificial red roses are clean and worry free on a dining table. Do you see the letter "I" in this arrangement?
Clean plastic vases with artificial red roses are clean and worry free on a dining table. Do you see the letter "I" in this arrangement? | Source

Dried Flowers

Dried flowers are a third alternative. Dried flowers may be used in shadow boxes or other types of containers, bouquets, potpourri, wreaths, craft projects from hats to holiday décor, and many other imaginative projects.

Benefits of dried flowers:

Gardeners can preserve their fresh flower bounty.

  1. Provide unique or unusual arrangements.
  2. Long lasting
  3. Minimum care
  4. Inexpensive diy craft project.

Flowers may be dried hanging in the natural air, pressing, or using drying agents, dehydrator, oven, and the microwave oven.

Flower Vases

Use different types of containers for your arrangements. Be creative!
Use different types of containers for your arrangements. Be creative! | Source

Flower Vases

Vases are important as they are the foundation for flower arrangements.The vase may be simple and allow the flowers to show off their beauty or the vase may be of a design, color, or pattern which will help to accent the chosen flowers.

Flower vases may be purchased or made by your creative hands for a one-of-a-kind decorator vase.

Recycling continues to be popular. Walk about your home or garage and select cups and saucers, glass and plastic bottles, assorted types of cans, and other types of containers which will hold water or not depending whether you will be using cut flowers, artificial, or dried.

Decorate these containers using glue, paste, decoupage supplies, spray paint, acrylic paints, ribbons, self-adhesive tapes of different colors, straws, twigs, shells, buttons, yarns, ropes, twine, and other articles which your creative genius would like to utilize.

Depending on the type of container spray, dip, or brush with paint to perk up the exterior or the interior of the container.

Glue or paste paper, buttons, shells, and other small objects to the exterior of the container.

The self-adhesive tapes can be used to create vertical, horizontal, or abstract decorations to the exterior surface of the container.

Wrap ribbon, yarns, rope, and twine around the outside of the container.

Decorating the vase as you wish will help enhance the different types of flower arrangements which have been designed for various rooms in your home or for special occasions.

The ABC's of Arranging Flowers

An old blue and white earthenware has made this simple horizontal arrangement look very attractive.
An old blue and white earthenware has made this simple horizontal arrangement look very attractive. | Source

Flower Arranging Tips


1. Design: Look at your collection of flowers and accessories, and the type of vase or container to be used. Take into account the location and visualize the finished arrangement.

Flower arranging can be as simple as placing one blossom into a narrow-neck vase or as complex as an ornate wreath. The finished design should compliment the area being decorated. These areas include furniture, room corners, wall nooks, book shelves, and other indoor and outdoor display areas.

If you wish to do more then place a bunch of flowers into a container, take time to tap your imagination. Not creative? Try logic designing.

Determine a logical line of design. Choose horizontal, vertical, diagonal, spiral, circular, flat, an outline of a particular shape sch as the alphabetic letters of C, E, H, I, L, T, S, U, V, O, or create a shape which can be copied. Copy an arrangement from a magazine picture or a photo.

2. Balance: Step away from the flower symmetrical or asymmetrical arranging to check the color arrangement, the stability of the plants, and confirm if the arrangement is pleasing to the eye. The stability of the flower stems can be held in place with frog holders.

These are holders which are placed on the bottom of the base to help give solid support for holding stems in place. These frogs are available in glass, plastic, and metal with round holes. The pin and hairpin style made from metal is also popular. Florists use dry or wet foam bricks.

The focal point is the center portion of the flower arrangement and from there the viewer will find a pleasurable rhythm of viewing the flowers.

3. Unity: The appropriate use of flowers for the occasion and the proper blending of colors and scale (or size).

Latest Flower Arrangements Ideas For All Occasions

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