ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How To Use Oil Pastels

Updated on October 22, 2011

Oil pastels are mostly associated with cheap wax crayons and that’s the main reason of non-popularity of oil pastels. But oil pastels create a unique artwork. Pastels contain more oil than an ordinary wax crayon.

The wax crayons are less durable and dull than the oil pastels. Some people consider oil pastels as crayon but they are much smoother and brighter than crayons. They are very easy to blend too. Many of the artists love to use crayons for their paintings for it’s easy to use.

If you don’t want to put oil into your painting, oil pastels are the best choice. Because of being less messy and convenient, oil pastels are good enough for beginners. Oil pastels are also best for the people who like to draw and sketch outdoors because they can be easily carried to any place in just a small box. 

Oil pastels can be mixed with other media too, to bring a unique form of artwork. Some artists use them as the final layer after using water colors, gauche and acrylics.

Choosing Oil Pastels

As a first step towards, using oil pastels for your art work, you must choose oil pastels from the market. There is a vast variety and a range of brands of oil pastels present in the market, but that’s nothing to worry about.

Any brand rather than a student grade one will be fine to get started with. Choose a set of 24 colors to start your work. As you will move further, and gain more experience, you will identify the brand which fulfils your requirements.

Choosing A Canvas

After choosing oil pastels you must now think of the canvas.

As the variety of pastels, paper also has a variety.

Some artists prefer to choose heavy grade pastel paper which comes with a tooth and grips the tint of the pastels.

Some people also use the simple paper.

Sketch the subject of your picture with a light and soft lead pencil.

Make it sure not to notch the surface, as pigments will not get into the notched surface as well as it could get into the rest of the canvas.

Using Pastels To Enrich Your Picture

You have already drawn your picture on the canvas. Now use the main color, for the respective area, to go over the pencil lines or to highlight that area. Square sticks are more likely used to draw finer lines.

Layering is the technique of using pastels. The first layer should be very light and transparent. Now put a very thin layer of the dark color as you have planned to figure. Create layer upon layers. Now keep adding different colors, it will build up the layers and enrich the colors.

Don’t add to many layers as it will make the surface of the paper muddy because the tooth of the paper will not be able to grasp that much pastel.

You can cover up from a mistake like this by wiping out the extra color with the cloth wrapped around your index finger or with a sandpaper. Scrapping the extra color can also be done with the blending stick as it has pointed tip.

As you add layers it will become easier to blend. Heat of your hand will blend the color more finely and make the picture more similar to a painting. Brushes with a small amount of turpentine also make the pastels melt and blend. A cotton bud can also be used for blending the colors.

Draw in small details, for that you can use a blending stick. As oil pastels are a fat tool and are unable to draw sharp points so the blending sticks would be helpful in this stance, for they can be used easily to draw small and sharp details.

Finishing Up With Your Painting

To finish up with your painting you have to wait for the painting to harden and settle well on the canvas. The time for hardening of painting varies with to the number of layers used. You can also add fixative to increase the life of your painting.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Elianna Sokoloff age eight 

      13 months ago

      I love the oil pastel how to, it really helped

    • profile image

      Tecktonik Man 

      7 years ago

      Great explanation. excellent and thanks.

    • profile image

      starreviewer 

      8 years ago from CT, USA

      good explanation on the use of oil pastels for beginners. thanks for sharing.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)