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How to make soap at home

Updated on April 7, 2013

It is very easy to make soap at home as long as you follow some basic directions and instructions founded in this article.

You should know that making soap is a basic chemical reaction. To define the soap I would say that it is the result of a basic chemical reaction between fats or oils and lye. Maybe you wonder if your soap will look like your grandma’s harsh, greasy, “lye soap”. Well, it won’t look like that because the secret is in the choice of ingredients. I will give you a good example: As you probably know you can make primitive bread from flour and water. This bread is not very tasty but is still bread. But when you add other ingredients, like your favorite whole- grain flour, fresh eggs, sea salt, yeast, and honey, your bread will become a remarkable homemade delight. It is pretty much the same with the soap too.

You should carefully choose a combination of quality oils, add your favorite fragrance or essential oils, and put some lively colorant and your soap will suddenly have a charming “personal character” that commercially manufactured soap won’t have.

If you want to start from scratch, cold process soap is your best method. You can make the soap as natural as you want because you are in control of the pot. In order to be ready to prepare the soap you must learn a few techniques of the craft first.

First, you should heat the oils in your soap pot until they are approximately 100 degrees. And then you should add the lye- water mixture and blend the soap until it’s getting thicker to “trace”. (Trace is a kind of “point of no return” in the process of making the soap. If your soap “traces”, your mixture will not come back into the original oils and lye- water).After your mixture reaches this trace, you must add the fragrance, color, and additives and you should pour it into the mold. You must know that the raw soap will take approximately 24 hours to harden and about a month to cure before it is ready to be used.

In order to make cold process soap, you need: a flat workspace with a heat source and access to water, vegetable oils or some animal fats, a pitcher of lye- water, a soap pot, fragrance or essential oils, natural colorant, a mold to pour the raw soap into, and a cool dry place to let the soap cure.


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