Steps to learn to stitch a blouse
Basic Steps For Stitching
Before explaining about stitching the blouse, I would stress on 3 main things. These are important for any beginner who wants to learn stitching...irrespective of the type of garment you want to stitch or sew.
- First thing is PLAN :
Yes, before stitching, you need to plan what you want to stitch and how you can progress.Never take a needle and thread and start stitching without having any plan or idea of how you can stitch the required garment.
So, first imagine how you need to cut the cloth and stitch.Observe the ready made blouses, into how many parts the blouse piece must have been cut and how these were joined.
- Second thing is Cutting.
You will have an 80 cm or 1 meter blouse piece with you.You need to cut it very carefully into small pieces which are later joined by stitching or sewing.If you are not good at cutting, you won't have the pieces in required shape and your blouse won't fit you ultimately.
For example, if you want to have a squared shape neck for the blouse, you can't cut it with curves and zigzags. You need to be careful not to make any curves or bends but cut it very straight.
- Last but not the least is Measurements.
For any garment, you need to cut the cloth according to the measurements.Never cut a cloth simply with approximate values.Even if you want to stitch the blouse by taking the old ready made blouse for measurement, you need to take the measurements of that blouse and then start cutting the piece.
We all know that for stitching we need to have needle and thread.As a beginner, its better to start with needle and thread instead of running for the electronic sewing machines or any other simple machines.First, take time to learn to stitch with needle and thread which is easy to handle. It may be time taking but, don't worry, be patient and learn, you'll be confident once you finish up.
Next, is the Scissors for cutting. You need to be very careful while using it because, you will be able to stitch and get the required output, only when you cut it carefully.So, see to it that you have full control over your fingers and hands lest the whole material for stitching will be wasted.
You need to purchase the blouse piece which may be around 80 cm or 1 meter according to the size of the blouse which you want to have. And, usually these are available as 2 by 2 bits.
Its better if you have a cotton blouse piece which is easy to cut and stitch as its stiff and you won't find it hard to measure the cloth and cut it.
So, here is the list of the materials with images.
80 cm blouse piece (cotton preferably)
Scissors (usually called tailor's scissors )
Needle and Thread (medium sized needle and thread should match the colour of the blouse piece.)
Measuring tape and a long scale.
Main parts of the blouse
Things to be noted before cutting :-
- First thing you need to know is what all parts you need to cut from the blouse piece which later have to be joined to make a complete blouse.
- First have a clear picture or idea of the shape of neck you want to have for the blouse. There can be different models like Square,Curved or V-shaped,High neck and many more.
- Here I have taken a Curved neck. A Square shaped one is much easier for cutting .
- Next, you need to think about the Sleeves. Whether you want to have long or short sleeves is up to your choice.Here in the image you can find sleeves which have been measured till elbows which means these are long sleeves. But, if you feel the cloth may not be sufficient for long sleeves , if most of the blouse piece has to be taken for front and back part of the blouse, its better you go for short sleeves which are mostly used today.
So, once you have an idea about these two things, you can start thinking about cutting the main parts of the blouse. This step is very important and needs to be done very carefully with correct measurements. So, go on to know more about the cutting part.
- First is the back part of the blouse.This is shown in the image. This has to measured and cut from the cloth.
- Next are the sleeves which need to be cut with measurements taken.This can be seen in the image provided.
- Next is the front part of the blouse.This has to be cut from the rest of the cloth after cutting back part and sleeves.
- Lastly, we need to have small bits of cloth for borders.We can attach pieces from other bits if the cloth taken is not sufficient. But such pieces can only be attached in the rear part of the blouse which is not visible.
How to Measure
In this section, I'll be discussing about the measurements part of the blouse.Later, we can learn about Cutting and Stitching as 2 different sections which will be easy for you to understand.So, for now, lets begin with measuring or how to take the measurements.
I will be using the images for better reference.So, do follow the images carefully, so that it will be easy for you to understand this section.
Notice the dotted lines in the image given.These are only for a brief understanding,if you want, you can have a detailed picture of the measurements in the next section using more images.
Refer the Images
Here I am describing the basic measurements taken, usually these will be taken by a tailor if you want your blouse to be stitched by a tailor.Notice these measurements so that you can have a clear idea of how these will be useful in the next steps for stitching the blouse.
See the image shown. You will find the different short forms used for measurements with different coloured lines.Following are the details of the measurements.
The black line Labelled as B.L is the Back Length.This is measured from shoulder to waist using the tape.The same is done for measuring the front part also. So, you need to have the length part measured twice.ONE for FRONT PART and ANOTHER for BACK PART.
The pink line shown is for measuring the neck,You need to take the measurement round the neck.This has been labelled as N.
The maroon line is for the waist.This is also measured round the waist.This has been labelled as W.
The Violet line is taken for chest measurement which is also taken round the chest.This is labelled as Ch.
The Grey line shows the shoulder part.This has to be taken twice. One for the back part in between the shoulders and the Other for front part.This has been labelled as Sh.
The Blue line shows the Sleeve loose which has to be taken by putting the tape round at the shoulder on sleeve.This has been labelled as Sl.R
The Red line is Sleeve Length which is taken from shoulder to the size of arm. The end part of the length depends on the length of the sleeves you want to have.This has been labelled as sl.len
The Green line is Sleeve loose on the end part of the sleeve.This has been labelled as Sl.l
End Of This Section
So, by now you must be having a clear picture in your mind about the measurements part.The method discussed here is for basic measuring of any garment.These will usually be followed by the tailor whom you will be providing the blouse piece.
In my next section, I'll be discussing about an easy way to get the measurements and the cutting part will be discussed later.As for now, I conclude this section as its better to progress slowly knowing about the basic requirements and then following the procedure instead of learning in a hurry.
So, do let me know how far this has helped you through your comments and go through my next hubs to learn the next steps of stitching.Good luck for your tailoring basics.