Indian Art : An Overview
India is a vast country with great diversity in culture , each region is a land in its own with its particular language , dress code and religious traditions . Yet the same social systems grounded on religious beliefs provides the force to unite the people . Each cultural region of the country has its own artistic tradition , dictated by the availability of the material and the specific cultural and aesthetic sensibility . One of the most striking features of Indian art is its empathy with natural life . Indian art is the celebration of life in all its aspects with plants , animals and human form the basis of it .
Gods : Indian art is greatly influenced by Hinduism , a religious tradition followed by the majority of Indian population. Although there are over 300 God or Goddesses , the major cult of Hinduism focus on Vishnu , Shiva and the Devi(known for its unique powers) . A characteristic feature of Hinduism is that people adopt one of these deities as their main god , though they worship other deities too but regard them less important . Furthermore there are local god and goddesses which is a proof of diversity even in religious system .
Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha
Heroes : A major part of Indian art is inspired from Mahabharata and Ramayana and other Puranas . Bhagavad Gita is a 700–verse Dharmic scripture written at that time by Ved Vyas . The events like abduction of Draupadi are well depicted through paintings . Furthermore there are some other religious principles contributing to the great Indian art .
Rama with Hanuman
Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Devotion : In India occasions such as changing of seasons , events in the life of a deity , phases of the moon , rising and setting of constellations , all call for a celebration . so to say everyday in india is like a holiday is no exaggeration . Holi , Diwali , Janam ashtami , Navaratri are some major of more than 200 festivals which are just a way for people to show their devotion to their beloved Deities . The stories of devotees like Prahalad , Dhruv , Meera inspires people While statue of devotees like Hanuman are worshiped by millions , so art holds special place in the hearts of people .
Lord Krishna welcoming sudama
Rulers and Simple Life : Paintings from muslim and hindu courts are rich in depictions of kings and noblemen engaged in activities . Royal Portraits stress the ceremonial aspects of a ruler's life and are idealized view of law and order . The paintings show the relationship between the royal and the normal life which was not very well at that time . Moreover the Portraits like Taj Mahal show that love was still celebrated at that time .
Maharaja Ranjit Singh in his court
Modern Indian Art : The modern Indian artists are beginning to expand their horizons from just sculpture and painting . Artists like Vivian Sundaram , Shyamal Ray have shown the way to the young Indian artists . Modern Indian art takes influence from all over the world but still painters like Late M F Hussian are the backbone of Indian art . His horse's painting is ever so popular while Amrita Shergill represents the rise of women artists in India .