ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Miniature Paintings in Jain Manuscripts

Updated on July 8, 2018
jainismus profile image

Mahaveer Sanglikar is a famous numerologist, graphologist, face reader, motivator and author from Pune, India.

Miniature Painting of Bhagwan Mahaveer
Miniature Painting of Bhagwan Mahaveer | Source
DDR (German Democratic Republic) issued a postal stamp on 5th August 1979 to honor Indian miniature paintings. The beautiful stamp portrays miniature painting of Mahavira, the last Jina.
DDR (German Democratic Republic) issued a postal stamp on 5th August 1979 to honor Indian miniature paintings. The beautiful stamp portrays miniature painting of Mahavira, the last Jina. | Source

In medieval India, Jain ascetics and scholars wrote thousands of manuscripts related to their sacred text. Most of such manuscripts have colorful miniature paintings.

The Jain miniature paintings are scattered in thousand of Jain manuscripts, which are preserved traditionally in Jain temples, Jain libraries, museums and Jain Mutts. Further, there is a big collection of Jain manuscripts in British Library of London, which is managed with the help of Institute of Jainology. A catalogue of such manuscripts has been published.

Here is a brief introduction to the miniature paintings in Jain manuscripts.

History and Significance of Jain Miniature Paintings


Jain art is one of the important branches of medieval art in India. Jain monks and scholars of medieval India wrote thousands of manuscripts related to their religious philosophy and teaching. These manuscripts contain some beautiful miniature paintings. In fact, Jains are the pioneers of miniature paintings in India.

Although Jain literature goes back to 5th Century before Common Era, the earliest known miniature paintings are from 11th Century. However, it is assumed this art might have started as early as 9th Century. These paintings are from Kalpasutra text. This art of miniature paintings flourished in next few centuries, especially in Gujarat, Rajasthan and Deccan. This art started to decline after 16th century.

The significant feature of Jain miniature paintings is the stylish figures of the women in the paintings. The artists used strong colors and liked to show enlarged eyes of the persons in the paintings. The artist also liked to decorate the persons with ornaments.

Jain miniature paintings are found mainly in old Rajasthani, Gujarati, Hindi, Marathi and Kannada manuscripts. In early era, they were painted on palm leaves, later Jains started to paint on paper. The colors were made especially from vegetables, minerals and even from gold and silver.

Other branches of Indian art were greatly inspired by Jain miniature paintings and they adopted the style of Jains. Other branches include Rajasthani, Mughal, Odissa and some other schools.

Miniature Painting from Kalakacharya Katha

A painting from Jain manuscript Kalakacharya Katha, dated between 1399 -1502.

Size: 10.8 x 26 cm / 4.3 x 12.2 in.

This painting is preserved at Brooklyn museum at New York city. It was gifted to the museum by Martha M. Green.

Source

Miniature Painting from Chandana Malayaqiri Varta

This is a miniature painting from Chandana Malaygiri Varta by the artists Karam and Mahata Chandji. The painting is made from watercolor and gold.

Size: 11.3/8 x 7.7/8 in. / 28.9 x 20.0 cm

Period: 18th Century (1745)

It is preserved at Brooklyn museum, was gifted by Mr. and Mrs. Paul E. Manheim

Lesya, i.e. Mental Attitude Painting

Lesya is a Jain concept of mental attitude, where different persons think and behave differently for getting same thing. In this beautiful multicolored miniature painting from a Jain manuscript, we see that the 6 persons want to get fruits. First one wants to get it by cutting the tree, second one by cutting the branch, another one pulling the fruit by using a hook. The last one on the ground (right) is happy with the fallen fruits.

The painting is from early 17th Century

Source

Miniature Painting from Kalpasutra

Miniature Painting from Kalpasutra

Source

Comments

Submit a Comment

  • TolovajWordsmith profile image

    Tolovaj Publishing House 

    3 years ago from Ljubljana

    This is a great example of 'Small is beautiful.' saying. Artists who painted miniatures were true masters of their art.

  • jainismus profile imageAUTHOR

    Mahaveer Sanglikar 

    6 years ago from Pune, India

    alipuckett,

    Yes, the paintings are really lovely. Thank you for your comments.

  • alipuckett profile image

    alipuckett 

    6 years ago

    These are really lovely. Beauty in such a small space!

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)