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Jain Temples in Karnataka

Updated on June 5, 2012

Jain Temples in karnataka

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front portion of Heggere jain temple, karnatakaSide portion of heggere jain temple Navarang , pillers, and sanctum sanctorum of heggere jain templeJain temple at padampur(near Jaipur, Rajasthan)Padampur jain temple-Manasthambha in frontjain temple at Ladnu,Rajasthan,(modern,marble)LIon near the front gate of jain temple Ladnu(ball in the mouth is rolling)Jain temple at Sanganer-Jaipur(red stone outside, but marble inside) Modern jain temple at Hombuja(Humcha),Shimoga ditrict, karnataka state.Front hall and inner sanctorum are seen Jain mutt temple at Shravanabelagola-18th century building.But idols inside are older.(karnataka)
front portion of Heggere jain temple, karnataka
front portion of Heggere jain temple, karnataka
Side portion of heggere jain temple
Side portion of heggere jain temple
 Navarang , pillers, and sanctum sanctorum of heggere jain temple
Navarang , pillers, and sanctum sanctorum of heggere jain temple
Jain temple at padampur(near Jaipur, Rajasthan)
Jain temple at padampur(near Jaipur, Rajasthan)
Padampur jain temple-Manasthambha in front
Padampur jain temple-Manasthambha in front
jain temple at Ladnu,Rajasthan,(modern,marble)
jain temple at Ladnu,Rajasthan,(modern,marble)
LIon near the front gate of jain temple Ladnu(ball in the mouth is rolling)
LIon near the front gate of jain temple Ladnu(ball in the mouth is rolling)
Jain temple at Sanganer-Jaipur(red stone outside, but marble inside)
Jain temple at Sanganer-Jaipur(red stone outside, but marble inside)
 Modern jain temple at Hombuja(Humcha),Shimoga ditrict, karnataka state.Front hall and inner sanctorum are seen
Modern jain temple at Hombuja(Humcha),Shimoga ditrict, karnataka state.Front hall and inner sanctorum are seen
 Jain mutt temple at Shravanabelagola-18th century building.But idols inside are older.(karnataka)
Jain mutt temple at Shravanabelagola-18th century building.But idols inside are older.(karnataka)

Jain Temples in Karnataka

Karnataka- Treasure of temples

Karnataka , A southern state in India , Is the craddle of Indian Temple architecture. Presently a state with six crore population , Karnataka has a rich heritage of art and architecture.This state has been the fertile ground for the development of jainism, a prominent religion in India.This relegion entered this state before third century B.C.and flourished strongly till the begining of 12th century. Later, it diminished in its numerical strength.Presently there are about six lakhs of jains in this state. Mahaveera-the last tirthankara of this relegen, lived in 6th century B.C.History of Jainism should atleast start from there.Mahaveera is revered as Bhagwan and Swami, by his followers. Main principle of jainism isĀ  non -violence.

There are about one thousand temples of jains in karnataka presently. Atleast equal numbered temples are destroyed.These are scottered in different places in the state. Contributions of Jainism to Indian culture are manyfold-litereture, art and architecture, etc.Jain temples in Karnataka and other parts in India are worth visiting and study.

Temples in the north and south.

Temples in the north India are , to a great extent , constructed either in marble, or red stone or both.Exceptionally, jain temples in cities like Jaisalmer( Rajasthan state) are constructed with yellow sand stone. They are very good places of interest for those interested in tours and travels

But temples in south India are constrructed with black stone . the locally available material.For eg. you can observe the temple at Heggere village at chiradurga dist . in karnataka.There are some other temples around this place,but they are related to other relegions.

Temple at Heggere

This temple of 11th century, is in Hoysala style.Usually, the exterior of jain temples is plain or less decorated.(there are some expections.For eg: two temples at Shravanabelagola are highly decorated on their exteriors)This temple has lotuses on its exterior walls. Inside, lathe worked pillers are there.They are very nice.

Ground plan of jain temples.

It is as in other Hindu temples.It may or may not have a porch in front.Then , there will be a hall called 'Navaranga" after the main enterence.Here sit the mass to observe worshippings.After that, there will be a 'Antarala' which is used as a buffer zone. In olden days, VIPs used to stand in this place to observe worships.

After this part, 'garbhagriha' or 'sanctum sanctorum' is present. Only those who are just bathed, can enter here to offer poojas. On the top of this, lies the gopuram or , tower.At the apex of that , will be 'kalash ' or a metallic vessel.

Temple at Sanganer.

As examples for north Indian Jain temples, sanganer and Padampur temples are taken here.These temples are near famous Jaipur, capital of Rajasthan.These are marble temples. Sanganer temple has red stone on its exterior, but inside , there is fully marble work.

Temple at Padampur

It is a modern temple. Eventhough the temple is round in shape , there is no idol in the ground floor i.e. round portion.Idols are there on the top floor , which is almost a single hall.The piller seen infront of jain temples is called 'Manasthambha'which is ment to curb the ego of the viewers.

Temple at Ladnu

Ladnu is a middle sized town about 225 k.ms north of Jaipur and about 200k.ms south of Bikaner.It is a desert town, as Jaisalmer.A very beautiful and spacious temple in marble is constructed here by a single jain family.The construction started about 80 years ago, and completed about 50 years ago.Two photographs of this temple are appended to this article.

Whether north or south, all jain temples will have a tall stone (or ,concrete ,now a days) piller infront of them. The idea is , ego of the visiter should vanish before entering the shrine.

Marble is not locally available in south India.So, Temples in south India are constructed in hard stones as is the case with Heggere jain temple.

Certain ancient temples are now constructed in modern style-using concrete and marbles. Goddess Padmavathi temple at Jombuja(Shimoga dist) and Jain temple at Valagere( Same district) are the examples for this. The reason for such -Archeology -neglected constuructions is-either it is too costly to reconstruct in old fashion, or, it is not possible to do so.

jain temples in katrnatka

Front view of Kamala Basadi (lotus temple) at Belagaum,Karnataka.It is in the fort area.
Front view of Kamala Basadi (lotus temple) at Belagaum,Karnataka.It is in the fort area. | Source
Lotus carving seen  in the ceiling of the main hall of Kamala  Basadi,Belgaum
Lotus carving seen in the ceiling of the main hall of Kamala Basadi,Belgaum | Source

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    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 

      4 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Prasad,

      You have taken a nice topic and and provided first hand information about Jain temples. There are few friendly suggestions:

      1. You may change the title as this hub is informing about temples in other places too.

      2. Please copy te hub and paste it in word document. You may find few spelling mistakes. Correct these along with few grammatical. This will enhance value of this beautiful hub.

      3. It will be better if you re-edit this this.

      4. Please do not allow spam and junk comments. This reduces value of the article.

      I hope you will not mind nor you take it as criticism. These are friendly suggestions from a friend willing to improve your credential as an author.

      Thanks, rated up and interesting.

    • prasadjain profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 

      5 years ago from Tumkur

      May be. 'jaali' means net.It has come from Samskrit word Jaala

    • profile image

      J.L.JAIN 

      5 years ago

      Sir

      as per information provided on the site of Rashtrapati Bhawan:

      There were grilles made from red sandstone, called jalis or jaalis. These jalis were inspired by Rajasthani design. The front of the palace, on the east side, has twelve unevenly spaced massive columns with the Delhi order capitals. These capitals have a fusion of acanthus leaves with the four pendant Indian bells. The bells are similar in style to Indian Hindu and Buddhist temples, the idea being inspired from a Jain temple at Moodabidri in Karnataka.

    • prasadjain profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 

      5 years ago from Tumkur

      In that case, it is proud for us.But which temple? Even in that case, only some broad ideas might have been absorbed.

    • profile image

      J.L.Jain 

      5 years ago

      now rarashtrapati bhavan is opened for public. a series is shown on tv repeatedly. in this short film it is disclosed that Karnataka based Jain Temple is source of design.

      J.L.jain, Khetia MP

      jainjlD@rediffmail.com

    • prasadjain profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 

      5 years ago from Tumkur

      It is not true. It is designed by a western architect who had less knowledge about Karnataka

    • profile image

      J.L.jain 

      5 years ago

      today i came to know that our Rashtrapati Bhavan is designed as per design of a jain temple of Karnataka. please tell me about this.

      - J.L. Jain. Khetia

      jainjl@rediffmail.com

    • profile image

      suresh 

      6 years ago

      Prasad ji pl check this clip you will find the so call wife of Balaji of kolhapur http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a6WgrstANsQ

    • prasadjain profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 

      6 years ago from Tumkur

      Additional note

      Just today i have added two fine photoes of Kamala Basadi (Lotus temple) at belagaum city. Visitors may please have a detailed look at them. It is one of the finest Jain temples in Karnataka

    • prasadjain profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 

      6 years ago from Tumkur

      It is Heggere in Chtiradurga district,27 kilometers from Hosadurga, on Hosadurga-Huliyar road.Mr. B. Rajashekharappa has written a small booklet on it giving the available historical details.

    • profile image

      Dr yogeesh 

      6 years ago

      Dear prasad There r many Heggere in karnataka . Which heggere? Please write more information about who construct it & who gave donation for its maintaince.What ls its name history is there any big Tank? Write detail about thease.

    • profile image

      Amit kala barnagar (mp) 

      7 years ago

      Thank you Mr. Shankaranarayanan.Your sicearity in providing honest service to travellers is laudable.I visited Madhurai 4 times,with my students. I shall keep your address and phone number. if anybody need your service, I shall refer them to you and of love you

      thanks

      amitkala17@yahoo.com mob. 9977246486

      amit kala barnagar dist ujjain(MP)

    • prasadjain profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 

      7 years ago from Tumkur

      Thank you Mr. Shankaranarayanan.Your sicearity in providing honest service to travellers is laudable.I visited Madhurai 4 times,with my students. I shall keep your address and phone number. if anybody need your service, I shall refer them to you

    • profile image

      T.S.Sankara Narayanan B.Sc, 

      7 years ago

      Dear Sir ,

      Namaste.

      I am T.S.Sankara Narayanan,c/o Sree Neela Travels,loccated at 32,Second Cross Street,Vanamamalai Nagar,Bye Pass Road,Madurai,Tamil Nadu.

      Our office Phone no is : 0452 / 4500592.

      My Personal Mobiles are 1) 099521 - 63523, and 2 ) 098421 - 11592.

      I am The District Vice President of Bharatya Janatha Party in Madurai.Arrangement of all Travel Needs to Pilgrims visiting Madurai,Rameswaram,Kanyakumari and many more places to Kerala is my profession.

      I am a Ex Railway Employee came out of Railways under VRS in 1995 at the time when I was 36 yrs old,and now I am 52.

      Apart from all these I am Co Ordinating Dedicated Laborers in Temple Construction,as I have a Separate Team of People for all Temple Related Works like Stone Work,Vigrahas Manufacturing,Gopuram Work,Kalasa (Kumbha) manufacturing,Gold Plating,Urchava Moorthys manufacturing etc...

      I am Co Ordinating Laborers on Commission Basis at 3% of The " Total Project Work ".

      The Cost of the Project will be Cheaper if such work is Deputed to me.

      Kindly get back to me at all times of your Need For Temple Project Work.

      Above all if anybody visits Madurai,Rameswaram and Kanyakumari please get back to me.I will arrange all the Travel Needs as it is my Profession.

      Thanking You Sir,

      Your's Sincerely,

      T.S.Sankara Narayanan B.Sc,

      Sree Neela Travels,

      Madurai.

    • profile image

      sidharth 

      7 years ago

      this is a good information for architecture students. write more on south indian jain temples

    • profile image

      siddhant c shah 

      7 years ago

      it is indeed a good piece of information given in a nut shell.I m an architecture student researching on jain temples,in case anyone needs any information do write to me on my email id : admasid@gmail.com

    • profile image

      Ankur Jain 

      8 years ago

      My name is Ankur Jain (http://ankurjainblog.com/) I Actually visited this temple and meditated on the hills. Very cool!

    • profile image

      Mohan K.R. 

      10 years ago

      This gives some good insight into the construction of temples. There are other beautiful jain temples in south India. Write about them also.

    • crownrahul profile image

      crownrahul 

      10 years ago from india

      hello Jain Sahab, Recently, I launch new website " Dada Guru Dev Ji; http://www.dadagurudev.com , please visit..

      thanks/regars

      Crown

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