ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Who was Joan Miro?

Updated on December 2, 2016

Joan Miro was a Spanish artist born in Montroig, Catalonia, Spain on April 20, 1893. Miro's education in painting began at the age of 14 in the School of Fine Arts of Barcelona under Modesto Urgell and Jose Pasco. In 1912 he studied at the Gali Academy, where Miro's interest in the allied arts was stimulated by Francesco Gali.

Miro's early works show the influence of Cezanne, Van Gogh, and the Fauves, whose works had been known in Barcelona through Jose Dalmau, who organized Miro's first one-man show in Barcelona in 1918. Miro went to Paris in 1919 where he met Picasso and responded to the innocent honesty of the Douanier Henri Rousseau (1844-1910). He synthesized these opposing influences in the next few years in work containing all the germs of his later style. After 1921 surrealism predominated over cubism in Miro's work, a surrealism of lines, circles, and cones distributed in a readable symbolism. The moustache appearing with the regularity and intensity of a psychological fixation, the sex symbols recurring up to the 1950's, and the rich colors and shapes of black and white which became typical of his work, were released by his contact with Dadism and the surrealist movement.

Miro collaborated with Max Ernst in designing the sets and costumes for Romeo and Juliet (1927) of the Ballets Ritsses of Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev, and in 1928 he made a trip to Holland which resulted in his Dutch Interior (1928). He also turned to collages and constructions at this time, and painted a series of imaginary portraits. With the advent of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) his work became increasingly abstract and forbidding.

During World War II, Miro stayed at Palma de Mallorca where he painted a series of gouaches called "constellations" from the multitude of correlated shapes on their surfaces. The myriad details in black generate tension; yet the works are as witty and charming outwardly as any of his deeply possessed painting. Reacting from the "constellations," Miro produced a number of looser, opener works which herald the mellowness of his later painting.

In 1944 Miro began his association with Jose Artigas, the ceramist. In this field Miro's designs are logical extensions of the arbitrary shapes supplied by Artigas. A second burst of ceramic creativity culminated in the decorative walls commissioned for the UNESCO headquarters building in Paris (1955-1958). In 1947 he painted a mural for a restaurant in Cincinnati, Ohio, and from 1950 to 1951 he worked on another mural for the Harvard University Graduate Center. Lush areas of diaphanous colors appear in most of his work from 1950 to 1960.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • dahoglund profile image

      Don A. Hoglund 

      7 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids

      Nice biographical sketch. Art is one of the many things I lack a lot of knowledge of. I had some courses in art history but it just skims the surface.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)